K League Challenge
|Number of teams||11|
|Level on pyramid||2|
|Promotion to||K League Classic|
|Domestic cup(s)||FA Cup|
Ansan Mugunghwa |
|Most championships||Sangju Sangmu (2)|
|2017 K League Challenge|
The K League Challenge is a South Korean professional league for association football clubs. Being the second tier of the South Korean football league system, it is currently contested by eleven clubs, and operates on a system of promotion and relegation with the K League Classic.
In 2011 the original K League announced a plan to begin a promotion and relegation system between the K League and a proposed second division. The K League then took steps to create the new second division, mainly with the addition of a split-system during the 2012 K-League season in which the bottom clubs are placed in a competition for safety with the last placed club being relegated to the new second division (originally it was going to be two clubs relegated but the withdrawal of Sangju Sangmu FC meant only one would be relegated).
On 3 January 2013 the official name of the Second Division was announced as the K League while the original K League was changed to K League Classic along with the new logo. This name change caused some degree of confusion and controversy, and on 11 March 2013 the official name was changed to K League Challenge.
|Club||Hometown||Stadium||First season in
the second flight
|Current spell in |
the second flight
|FC Anyang||Anyang, Gyeonggi Province||Anyang Stadium||2013||2013–|
|Bucheon FC 1995||Bucheon, Gyeonggi Province||Bucheon Stadium||2013||2013–|
|Busan IPark||Busan||Busan Asiad Stadium||2016||2016–|
|Daejeon Citizen||Daejeon||Daejeon World Cup Stadium||2014||2016–|
|Gyeongnam FC||South Gyeongsang Province||Changwon Football Center||2015||2015–|
|Seongnam FC||Seongnam, Gyeonggi Province||Tancheon Stadium||2017||2017–|
|Seoul E-Land FC||Seoul||Seoul Olympic Stadium||2015||2015–|
|Suwon FC||Suwon||Suwon Stadium||2013||2017–|
Titles by season
|2013||Sangju Sangmu ‡||Police FC||Gwangju FC|
|2014||Daejeon Citizen||Ansan Police||Gangwon FC|
|2015||Sangju Sangmu||Daegu FC||Suwon FC ‡|
|2016||Ansan Mugunghwa||Daegu FC||Bucheon FC 1995|
Titles by club
|Club||Champions||Winning seasons||Runners-up||Runners-up seasons|
|Sangju Sangmu||2013, 2015|
|Ansan Mugunghwa||2016||2013, 2014|
|Daegu FC||2015, 2016|
- K League
- K League Classic
- K League Championship
- Korean League Cup
- R League
- Korean FA Cup
- Korean Super Cup
- AFC Champions League
- Korea National League
- Challengers League
- K League All-Star Game
- Korean football league system
- List of football clubs in South Korea
- List of foreign K League Challenge players
- Richards, Dave. "Korea, England: closer football ties". Korea Joongang Daily. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
- "K리그 31~44라운드, 상주 없이 그대로 진행".
- "K League confirm promotion-relegation system". SportsSpying. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
- "K League News". K-League. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
- "위원석의 하프타임 'K리그'에 새로운 이름을 붙여주자" (in Korean). The Daily Sports Seoul. February 19, 2013.
- "'K리그 챌린지' 프로축구 2부리그 새 이름으로 이번 주말 스타트!" (in Korean). K League Official Website. March 11, 2013.