Seongnam FC

Seongnam FC
성남 FC
Full name Seongnam Football Club
Nickname(s) Magpies
Short name SFC
Founded 1989 (1989), as Ilhwa Chunma[1]
Ground Tancheon Sports Complex
Ground Capacity 16,250
Chairman Lee Jae-myung
Manager Vacant
League K League Challenge
2016 K League Classic, 11th (relegated)
Website Club home page
Seongnam FC
Hanja Pro
Revised Romanization Seongnam FC
McCune–Reischauer Sŏngnam FC

Seongnam FC (Korean: 성남 FC) is a South Korean professional football club, based in Seongnam, South Korea. Seongnam is a satellite city of Seoul, 28 km away. Seongnam currently plays in the K League Challenge. Founded as Ilhwa Chunma Football Club in 1989, the club is the most successful in Korean football, having won a record 7 League titles, 3 FA Cups, 3 League Cups, and 2 AFC Champions League titles.

Seongnam placed fifth in the IFFHS Asian Clubs of the 20th century.[2]

In 2014, the club was bought by the Seongnam City Government and was officially renamed Seongnam FC.[3]


Ilhwa era (1989–2013)

The club was founded on 18 March 1989 as Ilhwa Chunma Football Club[1] with the club based in Seoul. The club was successful from its beginning, winning its first League Cup three years later in 1992 and winning three consecutive league titles from 1993 to 1995 under Park Jong-hwan. Seongnam also won the 1995 Asian Club Championship, which is currently the AFC Champions League, beating Al-Nasr 1–0 in the final. But the club was forced to move in 1996, as part of the K League's decentralization policy. This policy was carried out due to two reasons – the first reason was that the KFA and the K League wanted to build a soccer-specific stadium in Seoul and the second reason was that the KFA and the K League wanted to spread football fever to the provinces. The three clubs based in Seoul – Ilhwa Chunma, LG Cheetahs, Yukong Elephants didn't accept this policy, resulting in the Korean government giving eviction orders to the 3 clubs. However, they guaranteed if the clubs built a soccer-specific stadium in Seoul, they could have a Seoul franchise and then return to Seoul. As a result, three clubs were evicted from Seoul to other cities, Ilhwa Chunma moved to the city of Cheonan and changed its name to Cheonan Ilhwa Chunma.

Several seasons with mixed success followed. Seongnam managed to win the FA Cup in 1999 and reached the final of the 1996–97 Asian Club Championship but lost to Pohang Steelers 2–3. However, their performance in the league was disappointing and after they finished at the bottom of the league for the second consecutive time in 1999, the club moved to the Seoul satellite city of Seongnam and renamed themselves Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma. The move worked out very well, as the rejuvenated club went on to win three consecutive K League titles from 2001 to 2003, as well as a league cup title in 2002 and a A3 Champions Cup in 2004.

A disappointing 2004 campaign saw them meekly relinquish their title. However, they reached the final of the 2004 AFC Champions League, where despite winning the away leg 3–1, they lost the home leg 5–0 to Saudi Arabian club Al-Ittihad and lost the tie 6–3 on aggregate. This shocking defeat led to the resignation of their manager, Cha Kyung-bok.

With Kim Hak-bum's management, the club bounced back to the forefront of Korean football in style as they claimed their seventh league title in 2006, defeating Suwon Samsung Bluewings 3–1 on aggregate in the championship playoff final. This was their 7th K League title which is a record out of all the K League clubs.

Before they were defeated by Suwon Bluewings 2–1 on 15 July 2007 in the 2007 season, they had not lost for 22 consecutive league matches – the third longest streak in the history of the K League.

Seongnam reached the final of the 2007 K League Championship but were beaten 4–1 on aggregate by Pohang Steelers, despite finishing first place in the regular season. This brought controversy about the playoffs system.

Seongnam's former legendary player Shin Tae-yong returned first as caretaker manager from 2009 season then as manager from the following season and continued the success. On 13 November 2010, Seongnam beat Iranian club Zob Ahan FC 3–1 in the final of the 2010 AFC Champions League. This was their second AFC Champions League title and qualified them directly into the quarter finals stage of the 2010 FIFA Club World Cup. Seongnam finished the tournament in 4th place. Seongnam added another FA Cup trophy in 2011, beating Suwon Bluewings 1–0 in the final on 15 October 2011.

During the 2013 season, there were rumors that the club was going to be sold to Ansan city government after the death of Sun Myung Moon, the founder of the Unification Church. Moon was extremely devoted to football so the Unification Church had been running the club, but after his death, the Unification Church's board of directors saw no reason to continue running the club and stated their thoughts on selling the club to another organization. After the rumor was reported by the press, Ansan's mayor officially mentioned that the city is on a process of purchasing the club from Ilhwa. Estimated number of 800 supporters (SF1080, YRU, YFboys and Ultras Giovani) protested in front of the Seongnam city hall stating the city could not lose the most successful club in the Asian football's history. Seongnam city started negotiation to purchase the club from Ilhwa. On October 2013, Seongnam's mayor Lee, Jae-Myung had a conference and stated that the Club will be sold to Seongnam City Government and will be participating under the name, Seongnam FC.[4]

Seongnam FC era (2014–present)

In December 2013, Seongnam City officially took over the club from Ilhwa Co., Ltd. They changed their symbol to magpie, the symbol of the Seongnam city, from chunma, which was the symbol of the Unification Church. The yellow color of their uniform was also replaced with black. Their first manager Park Jong-hwan, who had managed the club from 1988 to 1996 returned to the club as manager once again.

The club played the first home game as Seongnam FC on March 15, 2014 against FC Seoul resulting in a draw of 0:0. Seongnam FC's first victory was on March 26, 2014, beating their bitter rivals Suwon Samsung Bluewings 2–0. On April 22, 2014, manager Park Jong-hwan resigned after it was revealed that he had been assaulting players.[5]

After months of confusion, the club appointed Kim Hak-bum, who previously led their golden age, as their manager. The return turned out to be extremely successful, as Seongnam not only escaped relegation but also won their third FA Cup trophy, beating FC Seoul in a penalty shoot-out on 23 November 2014.


Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma won the AFC Champions League in 2010

Domestic competitions


1st, gold medalist(s) Winners (7): 1993, 1994, 1995, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2006
2nd, silver medalist(s) Runners-up (3): 1992, 2007, 2009


1st, gold medalist(s) Winners (3): 1999, 2011, 2014
2nd, silver medalist(s) Runners-up (3): 1997, 2000, 2009
1st, gold medalist(s) Winners (3): 1992, 2002, 2004
2nd, silver medalist(s) Runners-up (3): 1995, 2000, 2006
1st, gold medalist(s) Winners (1): 2002
2nd, silver medalist(s) Runners-up (2): 2000, 2004
1st, gold medalist(s) Winners (1): 1999

Continental competitions

1st, gold medalist(s) Winners (2): 1995, 2010
2nd, silver medalist(s) Runners-up (2): 1996–97, 2004
1st, gold medalist(s) Winners (1): 1996
1st, gold medalist(s) Winners (1): 2004

Worldwide competitions

Fourth place (1): 2010
1st, gold medalist(s) Winners (1): 1996


1st, gold medalist(s) Winners (1): 2012
2nd, silver medalist(s) Runners-Up (1): 2012


K League and League Cup Champions (1)
: 2002
Champions League and K League Champions (1)
: 1995


Season Division Tms. Pos. FA Cup AFC CL
1989 1 6 5
1990 1 6 6
1991 1 6 5
1992 1 6 2
1993 1 6 1
1994 1 7 1
1995 1 8 1 Semi-final
1996 1 9 8 Quarter-final Winners
1997 1 10 8 Runners-up Runners-up
1998 1 10 10 Quarter-final
1999 1 10 10 Winners
2000 1 10 3 Runners-up
2001 1 10 1 Quarter-final
2002 1 10 1 Semi-final
2003 1 12 1 Round of 16 Group Stage
2004 1 13 9 Round of 32 Runners-up
2005 1 13 3 Round of 16
2006 1 14 1 Round of 32
2007 1 14 2 Round of 16 Semi-final
2008 1 14 5 Quarter-final
2009 1 15 2 Quarter-final
2010 1 15 4 Quarter-final Winners
2011 1 16 10 Winners
2012 1 16 12 Round of 16 Round of 16
2013 1 14 8 Round of 16
2014 1 12 9 Winners
2015 1 12 5 Quarter-final Round of 16
2016 1 12 11 Quarter-final

Current squad

As of 15 September 2016

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 South Korea GK Jeon Sang-wook
2 South Korea DF Lee Yong
3 South Korea DF Lee Hoo-kwon
4 South Korea DF Kim Tae-yoon
5 South Korea DF Lim Chae-min
6 South Korea MF Lee Tae-hee
7 South Korea MF Hwang Jin-sung
8 South Korea MF Kim Do-heon (Captain)
10 South Korea FW Hwang Ui-jo
11 Brazil FW Silvinho (on loan from Penapolense)
13 South Korea MF Kim Dong-hee
14 South Korea MF Jung Seon-ho
15 South Korea DF Choi Ho-jung (on loan from Daegu)
16 South Korea MF An Sang-hyun
17 South Korea MF Lee Chang-hoon
18 South Korea FW Kim Hyun (on loan from Jeju)
19 South Korea FW Park Yong-ji
21 South Korea GK Kim Keun-bae
22 South Korea MF Lee Jong-won
No. Position Player
24 South Korea DF Jang Suk-won
25 South Korea DF Yeom Yoo-shin
26 Argentina MF Pitu Garcia
27 South Korea FW Sung Bong-jae
28 South Korea DF Yoo Chung-yoon
29 South Korea DF Lee Won-kyu
30 South Korea MF Jo Jae-cheol
31 South Korea GK Kim Dong-jun
32 South Korea MF Yeon Je-woon
33 South Korea DF Jang Hak-young
34 South Korea MF Park In-woo
35 South Korea FW Lee Beom-soo
36 South Korea DF Kim Myung-soo
37 South Korea DF Kwon Hyun-joon
38 South Korea FW Choi Myung-jin
39 South Korea MF Park Jae-woo
40 South Korea FW Moon Chang-hyun
41 South Korea GK Park Jun-hyuk
87 South Korea DF Park Jin-po

Out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
South Korea DF Kwak Hae-sung (to Jeju United)
South Korea DF Park Tae-min (to Gimpo Citizen)
South Korea DF Yun Young-sun (to Sangju Sangmu for military duty)
No. Position Player
South Korea MF Kim Seong-jun (to Sangju Sangmu for military duty)
South Korea FW Nam Joon-jae (to Ansan Police for military duty)

Current staff

As of 20 November 2016

Coaching staff

U-18 Team (Pungsaeng High School) coaching staff

U-15 Team (Pungsaeng Middle School) coaching staff


List of Seongnam FC managers
# Name From To Season Notes
South Korea Park Jong-hwan 1988/09/16 1996/04/02 1989–1995
South Korea Won Heung-jae 1990/04/27 1990/06/27 1990 Unofficial
South Korea Lee Jang-soo 1996/04/03 1996/08/17 1996
1996/08/18 1996/12/05 1996
Belgium René Desaeyere 1996/12/18 1998/09/08 1997–1998
South Korea Cha Kyung-bok 1998/09/09 2004/12/01 1998–2004
South Korea Kim Hak-bum 2004/12/07 2004/12/29 2004 In charge since FA Cup.
2004/12/30 2008/11/27 2005–2008
South Korea Shin Tae-yong 2008/12/06 2010/02/17 2009
2010/02/18 2012/12/08 2010–2012
South Korea An Ik-soo 2012/12/14 2013/12/22 2013
South Korea Park Jong-hwan 2013/12/23 2014/04/22 2014
South Korea Lee Sang-yoon 2014/04/22 2014/08/26 2014
South Korea Lee Young-jin 2014/08/26 2014/09/05 2014
South Korea Kim Hak-bum 2014/09/05 2016/09/12 2014–2016
South Korea Gu Sang-bum 2016/09/12 2016/11/20 2016
South Korea Byun Sung-hwan 2016/11/06 2016/11/20 2016 Unofficial

Kit supplier


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Preceded by
Thai Farmers Bank
Champions of Asia
Succeeded by
Pohang Steelers
South Korea
Preceded by
Pohang Steelers
South Korea
Champions of Asia
Succeeded by
Al-Sadd SC
Preceded by
K League Champions
1993 · 1994 · 1995
Succeeded by
Ulsan Hyundai Horang-i
Preceded by
Anyang LG Cheetahs
K League Champions
2001 · 2002 · 2003
Succeeded by
Suwon Samsung Bluewings
Preceded by
Ulsan Hyundai Horang-i
K League Champions
Succeeded by
Pohang Steelers
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