Iranian hip hop

Music of Iran
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Iranian hip hop refers to hip hop music developed in Iran.[1][2][3] It is rooted in American hip hop, but is also credited with inspirations from contemporary Iranian music.


Iranian hip hop emerged by the 2000s, from Tehran, the capital of Iran.[4]

The music group 021 was one of the very first groups performing hip hop music in Iran. It was founded by Soroush Lashkary, better known by his stage name Hichkas.[5] He combines hip hop with elements from Iranian classical music,[6][7] and has a unique theistic and nationalistic lyrical style, avoiding vulgar words while referring to social issues.[6] His first album Jangale Asfalt ("Asphalt Jungle") was one of the first Iranian hip hop albums, and brought much recognition to his name in Iranian communities.[6]

Zedbazi, founded in April 2002, is known as the pioneer of gangsta rap in Iran.[8][9] They rapidly achieved a huge popularity among the youth, due mainly to their controversial lyrics littered with profanities and depictions of sexual encounters and drug use.[10] They are also credited with starting a new movement in Iranian music.[11]

Bahram, an underground Iranian hip hop singer,[12] is named as "one of the 50 most influential people shaping the culture of the Middle East" by The Huffington Post and Al-Monitor.[13][14] His debut album 24 Saat ("24 Hours"), released in August 2008, was described as a powerful commentary on the modern-day of Iran by Rolling Stone.[15]

Yas was the first Iranian rapper to be authorized to perform by the Iranian government.[16][17] On December 21, 2011, he was chosen by voters as the Artist of the Week on MTV Iggy, entitled "Tehran’s Hard-Hitting MC".[18]


Zamin Safe
A sample of the song Zamin Safe by Zedbazi.

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Nemitooni Band Koni Paamo Be Zamin
A sample of Nemitooni Band Koni Paamo Be Zamin (feat. Paya) by Erfan.

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See also


  1. "Rap in the Capital: Hip-Hop Tehran-Style - Tehran Bureau | FRONTLINE". PBS. 2010-04-22. Retrieved 2014-02-24.
  2. "Why Iran is cracking down on rap music". Telegraph. 2010-11-10. Retrieved 2014-02-24.
  3. "Iran's thriving rap culture - Al-Monitor: the Pulse of the Middle East". Al-Monitor. 2014-01-06. Retrieved 2014-02-24.
  4. "Iran's underground hip hop dance scene | The FRANCE 24 Observers". 2013-08-29. Retrieved 2014-02-24.
  5. "Hichkas on Sakkou - Manoto 1 TV". 2011-06-21. Retrieved 2014-02-24.
  6. 1 2 3 Archived July 17, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  7. "روزنامه اعتماد ملي85/6/28: رپ ايراني ، صداي اعتراض نيست". Retrieved 2015-06-17.
  8. Rebels of rap reign in Iran
  9. Iran's 'illegal' rappers want cultural revolution
  10. Al Jazeera: Inside Iran's 'revolutionary' rap – September 2014
  11. Ahmadi, Ardeshir (director). Zedbazi Documentary (Documentary film). Tehran.
  12. San Francisco's Iranian Film Festival| Bahram, An Iranian Rapper | Official Trailer
  13. Bahram Nouraei | Iran (Rap & Hip Hop) | Al-Monitor
  14. 50 People Shaping The Culture Of The Middle East | Huffington Post | Aug 2012
  15. Ashcraft, Julie (Feb 2012). "Article:The Great Escape". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on February 24, 2012.
  16. Kimball, Cody (2008-10-19). "Iranian Rapper speaks of Peace at film screening - Western Herald: News". Retrieved 2015-06-17.
  17. Cherayil, Neena (March 26, 2009). "Iranian Filmmaker Sarmast and Rapper YAS to Visit Campus". The Daily Gazette.
  18. Bondy, Halley (2011-12-14). "YAS: Persian Rap Royalty". Retrieved 2015-06-17.
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