Jainism in Europe

The Jain symbol that was agreed upon by all Jain sects in 1974.
Jain temple in Antwerp, Belgium

The credit of introducing Jainism to the West goes to a German scholar Hermann Jacobi who translated some Jain literature and published it in the series 'Sacred Books of East' in 1884.[1] In Europe, the largest Jain populations are in Britain with a population of about 25,000 (as of 2006).[2]

Jains living outside India belong to various traditions, Digambara, Shvetambara, Terapanthi, Sthanakvasi, Shrimad Rajchandra are all represented.[3] In many cases, they gather and worship together in spite of sectarian differences.

Jainism in Ireland

Main article: Jainism in Ireland

The Jain community in Ireland is involved across different occupations. The Jains in Ireland are estimated to be around 100 people. The majority live in and around Dublin but few families are spread across other part of countries including Northern Ireland. Jains in Ireland are well settled and respected community. Jain Samaj Ireland consists members of all different panths within Jainism.

Jain Samaj Ireland aspires to build a Jain Temple in Ireland and is actively seeking support and guidance from various other Samaj in India and across the world.

Jainism in Belgium

Main article: Jainism in Belgium

The Jain community in Europe, especially in Belgium, is mostly involved in the diamond business.[4]

The Jains in Belgium are estimated to be around about 1500 people. The majority live in Antwerp, working in the wholesale diamond business. Belgian Indian Jains control two-thirds of the rough diamonds trade and supplied India with roughly 36% of their rough diamonds.[5] They are building a major temple in Wilrijk (near Antwerp), with a cultural centre.[6] Their spiritual leader, Ramesh Mehta, is a full-fledged member of the Belgian Council of Religious Leaders put up on 17 December 2009.[7]

Jainism in the United Kingdom

The Jain centre on Oxford Street
Oshwal Mahajanwadi, Croydon

As of 2006, there are around 25,000 Jains in the United Kingdom.[8]

One of the first Jain settlers, Champat Rai Jain, was in England during 1892-1897 to study law. He established the Rishabh Jain Lending Library in 1930. Later, he translated several Jain texts into English.[9]

Leicester houses one of the world's few Jain temples outside of India.[10] There is an Institute of Jainology at Greenford, London.[11]

The last decade has seen the growth of the Jain community in Greater London. Currently the Jain Network have a derasar in Colindale and The Mahavir Foundation in Kenton.

Shrimad Rajchandra Mission Dharampur also have UK centres in [null Leicester, London and Manchester].[12]


See also


  1. "Jainism at a Glance". Jainstudy.org. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
  2. "Religions - Jainism: Jainism at a glance". BBC. 2009-08-27. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
  3. The Oxford Handbook of Global Religions - Mark Juergensmeyer - Google Boeken. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
  4. "An Introduction to Jainism: History, Religion, Gods, Scriptures and Beliefs". Kwintessential.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
  5. Diaspora, Development, and Democracy: The Domestic Impact of International ... - Devesh Kapur - Google Books. Books.google.com. 2010-08-22. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
  6. "Interdisciplinair Centrum Religiestudie & Interlevensbeschouwelijke Dialoog – Faculteit Theologie en religiewetenschappen KU Leuven" (in Dutch). Kuleuven.be. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
  7. "Presentation of the Belgian Council of Religious Leaders". Orthodox Archdiocese of Belgium and Exarchate of the Netherlands and Luxemburg. 17 December 2009. Retrieved 11 September 2010.
  8. "Religions - Jainism: Jainism at a glance". BBC. Retrieved 2013-09-14.
  9. "on www.jainsamaj.org ( Jainism, Ahimsa News, Religion, Non-Violence, Culture, Vegetarianism, Meditation, India. )". Jainsamaj.org. Retrieved 2013-09-14.
  10. The Jain Centre, Leicester. Retrieved 29 October 2008.
  11. Kurt Titze, Klaus Bruhn, Jainism: a pictorial guide to the religion of non-violence, p. 264
  12. "Abroad Centres - Shrimad Rajchandra Mission Dharampur". www.shrimadrajchandramission.org. Retrieved 2016-05-05.
  13. BARRISTER CHAMPAT RAI JAIN (1867 - 1942)
  14. "Microsoft Word - The Invention of Jainism _without photo_" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-04-21.
  15. 1 2 3 Mehta, Dr. Manish. "Article Archive | 9th Jaina Studies Workshop - Jainism And Modernity - A Manish Mehta Report". Herenow4u.net. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
  16. "Jain Samaj Europe". Jaincentre.com. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
  17. Anupreksha Jain, Gnayak Jain, Samil Shah (webmaster), Nirav Gudhka (webmaster), Suchita Shah, Sheetal Shah. "Shree Digamber Jain Association". Sdja.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
  18. Michael Lambek. A Reader in the Anthropology of Religion. Wiley-Blackwell. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
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