Marouf al-Bakhit

Marouf al-Bakhit
معروف البخيت
Prime Minister of Jordan
In office
9 February 2011  24 October 2011
Monarch Abdullah II
Preceded by Samir Rifai
Succeeded by Awn Shawkat Al-Khasawneh
In office
27 November 2005  25 November 2007
Monarch Abdullah II
Preceded by Adnan Badran
Succeeded by Nader al-Dahabi
Personal details

1947 (age 6869)

Political party Independent
Alma mater University of Jordan
University of Southern California
King's College, London
Religion Islam
Military service
Allegiance Jordan
Service/branch Jordanian Armed Forces
Years of service 1964–1999
Rank Major General

Marouf Suleiman al-Bakhit (Arabic: معروف البخيت; born 1947) was a Jordanian politician and two-time Prime Minister. He first served as Prime Minister from 27 November 2005 until 25 November 2007 and then again from 9 February 2011 to 17 October 2011. Bakhit also held the position of Jordanian ambassador to Israel and the national security chief. Appointed as Prime Minister by King Abdullah II less than three weeks after the 2005 Amman bombings, Bakhit's main priorities were to maintain security and stability in Jordan. He was reappointed as Prime Minister by the King on 1 February 2011, following weeks of protests.[1]

He resigned from his post on 17 October 2011, and was succeeded by Awn Shawkat Al-Khasawneh on 24 October.


Bakhit graduated with a Bachelor's degree in General Management and Political Science from University of Jordan. He also earned a Masters in Public Administration from the University of Southern California in 1982, and a PhD entitled "The Evolution of Egyptian Air Defence Strategy" from King's College London in 1990.

Military career

Marouf al-Bakhit comes from Jordan's Al-Abbadi Tribe. He joined the Jordanian Armed Forces in 1964, and graduated from the Royal Military College in 1966 as Second Lieutenant. He retired from the Armed Forces in 1999 as Major General.

Prime Minister

Bakhit has been Prime Minister twice, first from 27 November 2005 until 25 November 2007, and then from 1 February 2011.

First term

Bakhit was appointed by King Abdullah II less than three weeks after the 2005 Amman bombings. The 2005 Amman bombings were a series of coordinated bomb attacks on three hotels in Amman, Jordan, on 9 November 2005. The attacks killed 60 people and injured 115 others.

After two years of trying to get reforms through the parliament, followed by a questionable election, he resigned and was replaced by Nader al-Dahabi.

Second term

After two weeks of street protests, on 1 February 2011 King Abdullah fired his prime minister, Samir Rifai, and re-appointed Bakhit to his old position. While continuing to maintain a moderate stance in respect to the United States and the 1994 Jordan-Israel peace treaty, al-Bakhit has promised to effect changes in election laws, decentralize authority and grant further rights to political parties.

King Abdullah II accepted his resignation on 17 October 2011 and appointed Awn Shawkat Al-Khasawneh as Prime Minister.

Career highlights

See also


  1. "Jordan's Royal Palace says king sacks government in wake of street protests". The Associated Press. 1 February 2011. Retrieved 1 February 2011.
Political offices
Preceded by
Adnan Badran
Prime Minister of Jordan
Succeeded by
Nader al-Dahabi
Preceded by
Samir Rifai
Prime Minister of Jordan
Succeeded by
Awn Shawkat Al-Khasawneh
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