Location within Paris
|Location||Hôtel Biron, 79, rue de Varenne, 75007 Paris, France|
|Coordinates||48°51′19″N 2°18′57″E / 48.855278°N 2.315833°E|
The Musée Rodin in Paris, France, is a museum that was opened in 1919, dedicated to the works of the French sculptor Auguste Rodin. It has two sites, at the Hôtel Biron and surrounding grounds in central Paris, and just outside Paris at Rodin's old home, the Villa des Brillants at Meudon (Hauts-de-Seine). The collection includes 6,600 sculptures, 8,000 drawings, 8,000 old photographs and 7,000 objets d’art. The museum receives 700,000 visitors annually.
While living in the Villa des Brillants, Rodin used the Hôtel Biron as his workshop from 1908, and subsequently donated his entire collection of sculptures (along with paintings by Vincent van Gogh and Pierre-Auguste Renoir that he had acquired) to the French State on the condition that they turn the buildings into a museum dedicated to his works.
The Musée Rodin contains most of Rodin's significant creations, including The Thinker, The Kiss and The Gates of Hell. Many of his sculptures are displayed in the museum's extensive garden. The museum is one of the most accessible museums in Paris. It is located near a Metro stop, Varenne, in a central neighborhood and the entrance fee is very reasonable. The gardens around the museum building contain many of the famous sculptures in natural settings. Behind the museum building is a small lake and casual restaurant.
Additionally, the Metro stop, Varenne, features some of Rodin's sculptures on the platform. The building is served by Métro (line 13) : Varenne or Invalides, R.E.R (line C) : Invalides and Bus : 69, 82, 87, 92.
The museum has also a room dedicated to works of Camille Claudel. Some paintings by Monet, Renoir and Van Gogh which were in Rodin's personal collections are also presented. The Musée Rodin collections are very diverse, as Rodin used to collect besides being an artist.
Rodin's sculptures are sculptures of an artist who tries to break the uses of his time. Among them, we can quote Man with the Broken Nose or The Age of Bronze which are both denying the standards of the time. On the same level, we can mention The Thinker or Adam and Eve for the total absence of artifice traditionally used to represent the expressiveness of the body. Thus, this artistic choice guarantees the intemporality of Rodin's works.
The artist also stands out by the monumental aspect of some of his works: Balzac, The Burghers of Calais or the impressive The Gates of Hell, which contains a great amount of elements representing the major works of Rodin (The Thinker, Ugolino, The Kiss or the Three Shades) and that has never been achieved.
The graphic collection at the Musée Rodin contains around 7,000 drawings. They can be associated with different styles and periods: observation of landscapes, fantasy works inspired by Dante or Baudelaire, numerous erotic nudes or even portraits.
The Musée Rodin preserves an important collection of 25.000 photographs. Among these, 7.000 were collected by Rodin himself. The artist showed indeed a great interest for this science and art, and he has collaborated with many photographers, such as Eugène Druet, Jacques-Ernest Bulloz, Adolphe Braun or Edward Steichen.
Subjects and themes are varied, Rodin's personal albums attest to his centres of interest and artistic sources, while the portraits and newspaper photographs illustrate his work and his life. Above all, these photographs are a great source to learn what happened in the studio between 1877 and Rodin's death, in 1917.
Rodin as a collector
During the twenty last years of his life, as he was living in Meudon, Rodin started a collection of ancient works of art from Egypt, Greece and Rome, then later from the Far East. As the collection was growing, the different pieces invaded the studio and his house, replacing the casts after Antique statues. As Rodin's fame grew, the commissions he received enabled him to continue his collection, reaching over 6.000 works in 1917.
In addition, Rodin's friendships and tastes led him to surrounding himself with works by the Naturalists (Théodule Ribot, Alfred Roll) and Symbolists (Eugène Carrière, Charles Cottet...). Through a series of exchanges made with his artists friends, Rodin owned works of art from Jules Dalou, Alexandre Falguière or Jean-Paul Laurens. He also realised important purchases: three Van Gogh's (including Père Tanguy, late 1887), Renoir's Nude in the Sunlight and Monet's Belle-Île.
Temporary exhibitions dedicated to Rodin
- La sculpture dans l’espace, Rodin, Brâncuși, Giacometti (November 2005-February 2006): 82,000 visitors
- Rodin et les danseuses cambodgiennes, sa dernière passion (June 2006-September 2006): 91,000 visitors
- Rodin, les figures d’Eros (November 2006-March 2007): 84,000 visitors
- Camille Claudel, une femme, une artiste (April 2008-July 2008): 150,000 visitors
- La Passion à l’œuvre, Rodin et Freud, collectionneurs (October 2008-February 2009)
- Corps et décors. Rodin et les arts décoratifs (April 2010-August 2010)
- Rodin. Laboratoire de la création (13 November 2014 – 27 September 2015)
Contemporary art exhibitions
Recently, contemporary art exhibitions are also organized, as it was done as early as 1949 when the first Salon de la jeune sculpture took place at the Musée Rodin. Artists such as Anthony Caro, Eugène Dodeigne, Étienne Bossut exhibited at the museum. Bill Viola, Adel Abdessemed and Mircea Cantor have been invited to screen videos in the park for the « Nuit des musées ». In 2010, artworks by Belgian artist Wim Delvoye were exhibited, as well as a program of video-performances by artists such as Vito Acconci, Sanja Iveković, Marina Abramović and Mona Hatoum. A Henry Moore exhibition, dedicated to his studio and small sculptures, runs there from October 15, 2010 to February 27, 2011.
The two sites of the museum
The Hôtel Biron, Paris
First opened to the public on the 4th of August 1919, the Musée Rodin was housed in a mansion, formerly called the Hôtel Peyrenc de Moras, designed with the lines of classical architecture and ornamented with rocaille decoration. It was built in the Rue de Varenne, between 1727 and 1732. From 1788, the Hôtel was occupied by a series of owners and tenants. In 1820, the Duchess of Charost sold the entire property to three nuns belonging to a religious congregation, the Society of the Sacred Heart of Jesus. A boarding school for girls was opened and the decorations were progressively sold. Between 1820 and 1904, several buildings were constructed on the estate, the Chapel in particular, designed by the architect Jean Juste Gustave Lisch and achieved in 1876.
The Society was dissolved in 1904 due to the 'religious orders' law involving the separation of church and state which prohibited religious orders from teaching. The sisters were evicted and the estate was put up for sale. Awaiting a buyer, tenants were allowed to occupy the building and among them, we can find several artists: Jean Cocteau, Henri Matisse, Isadora Duncan...Rainer Maria Rilke, whom future wife Clara Westhoff was living in the Hôtel, has been the first to tell Rodin about the estate. Thus, in 1908, the sculptor rented four ground-floor rooms to use as his studios. From 1911 onwards, he occupied the whole building. In 1911, as the French state had committed itself to purchasing the Hôtel Biron, Rodin started to negotiate with it. The artist announced officially his intention to donate all his works to the French state, as well as his drawings and his collection of antiquities in the condition that the State keeps all these collections at the Hôtel Biron, which will become the Musée Rodin in exchange of the right to reside there all his life.
In 1916, the French Assembly passed a law permitting the State to accept the donations and allocated the mansion and its garden to a museum. Léonce Bénédite was appointed executor of the sculptor's will: his tasks were to manage Rodin's artistic heritage and to supervise the organisation of the future museum.
Listed as a historical monument in 1926, the Hôtel Biron and its grounds have since undergone major renovation and restoration work, to better assert their role as a museum. The most recent scheme is of course the huge restoration plan which began in 2012 and will end with the reopening of the Hôtel Biron on the 12th of November 2015, for Rodin's 175th birthday. The renovations cost 16 million euro ($17.4 million), and were hailed as a "moral duty" by France's Culture Minister Fleur Pellerin.
The Musée Rodin in Meudon
On December 19, 1895, Rodin purchased a Louis XIII-style house in brick and stone, built on the heights of Meudon and called "La Villa des Brillants". In 1900, almost 50 people, including sculptor's assistants, workers and casters, were employed there by Rodin and, although he continued to go to his Paris studios daily, his major creative work was done in Meudon. The place became soon a major place of attraction for friends, admirers or celebrities from France or abroad. It is also in Meudon that Rodin and his wife, Rose Beuret, have chosen to be buried.
After the death of Rodin, the villa and the studio also became a museum, open three days per week. Visitors can discover the atmosphere of the studio and the place where Rodin liked to live and work. Inaugurated in 1948, the museum also permits to glimpse numerous plasters, including casts for Rodin's monumental works, such as the Burghers of Calais and the Gates of Hell which allow to discover the different steps of the creative process.
Gallery of sculptures
- Chevillot, Catherine; Hélène Marraud, Hélène Pinet: Rodin: The Laboratory of Creation. Translation by John Adamson. Dijon: Éditions Faton (2014). ISBN 9782878442007
- The Associated Press. New York Times http://www.nytimes.com/aponline/2015/11/05/world/europe/ap-eu-france-rodin-museum.html. Retrieved 5 November 2015. Missing or empty
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Musée Rodin.|
- Musée Rodin
- A visitor's story of the Musée Rodin at night
- Over 160 photos taken in the museum
- Radio France Internationale - Matisse and Rodin exhibition
- Photos taken in Hotel Biron
- Gallery near Musée Rodin
- Rodin: The B. Gerald Cantor Collection, a full text exhibition catalog from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, a good resource for more material on Rodin