Town hall and St Barbara Church


Coat of arms
Coordinates: 51°30′N 16°04′E / 51.500°N 16.067°E / 51.500; 16.067
Country Poland
Voivodeship Lower Silesian
County Polkowice County
Gmina Gmina Polkowice
  Mayor Wiesław Wabik
  Total 23.75 km2 (9.17 sq mi)
Population (2006)
  Total 22,279
  Density 940/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 59-100, 59-101
Car plates DPL
Climate Dfb
Website http://www.polkowice.pl

Polkowice [pɔlkɔˈvʲit͡sɛ] (German: Heerwegen; until 1937: Polkwitz) is a town in south-western Poland. It is situated in Lower Silesian Voivodeship. The town is the seat of Polkowice County and of the smaller administrative district called Gmina Polkowice.


Polkowice is located in historic Lower Silesia, about 15 km (9 mi) northwest of Lubin on National road 3. The nearst airport is Wrocław–Copernicus Airport, located 72 km (45 mi) from Polkowice.

Situated in a traditional mining region, the town is part of the largest industrial copper-extraction area in Poland, with a copper-processing plant operating nearby. Nearby Polkowice Dolne is the site of a former State Agricultural Farm (PGR) and, since 1998, of a Volkswagen diesel engine plant, another major employer in the region.

Designated as an urban-type settlement from 1945, Polkowice regained town status in 1967. From 19751998 it was in the former Legnica Voivodeship.


St Michael Archangel Church

The name of the town is probably derived from Slavic (Old Polish) Boleslaw, meaning "great glory", a favoured dynastic name in the Polish royal House of Piast. According to legend, The Silesian duke Bolesław I the Tall (1127–1201) had a hunting lodge erected near the later town, later called Bolkewice or, adjusted to the German pronunciation, Polkovicz (1333).

Part of the Silesian Duchy of Głogów, Polkowice was already mentioned as a town (civitas) in a 1276 deed. It passed to the Lands of the Bohemian Crown in 1365. Parts of the medieval town were destroyed by a blaze in 1457, it suffered further damages during the Thirty Years' War and by a plague epidemic in 1680. After the First Silesian War in 1742, the town was annexed by Prussia and later incorporated into the Province of Silesia.

In 1937, Polkwitz was renamed Heerwegen by the German Nazi authorities. After World War II, the region passed to the Republic of Poland according to the 1945 Potsdam Agreement. The native German populace was expelled and replaced with Poles. For more information on the general history of the region, see Silesia.



Wikimedia Commons has media related to Polkowice.

International relations

Polkowice is twinned with:

Coordinates: 51°30′N 16°04′E / 51.500°N 16.067°E / 51.500; 16.067

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 9/21/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.