Ramanaa (film)


Ramana Poster
Directed by A. R. Murugadoss
Produced by V. Ravichandran
Written by A. R. Murugadoss
Music by Ilaiyaraja
Cinematography M. S. Prabhu
Edited by Suresh Urs
Aascar Film Pvt. Ltd
Distributed by Aascar Film Pvt. Ltd
Release dates
4 November 2002
Running time
180 minutes
Country India
Language Tamil

Ramanaa, also known as Ramana,[1] is a 2002 Tamil vigilante-thriller film written and directed by A. R. Murugadoss, starring Vijayakanth and Simran. The film is about a man named Ramana who decides to abolish corruption completely with the help of his ex-students who are working in various government offices. The film received positive reviews from both film critics and audiences. It was awarded the 2002 Tamil Nadu State Film Award for Best Film[2] and A. R. Murugadoss won the Tamil Nadu State Film Award for Best Dialogue Writer. Subsequently, the film was remade in Telugu as Tagore in 2003, in Kannada as Vishnu Sena in 2005 , in Bengali as Tiger in 2007 and in Hindi as Gabbar Is Back in 2015.


Ramanaa begins with the abduction of fifteen revenue officers. After three days in captivity, fourteen officers are released, but one is murdered. The police find a tape recording and a file on the dead officer's body that provide significant evidence concerning the kidnapping and subsequent murder. The file suggests that the crimes were committed by members of the self-proclaimed "Anti-Corruption Force" (A.C.F.), a citizen militia seeking to eliminate corruption through vigilante actss. The militia, acting as a kangaroo court, "sentenced" corrupt officials in the area to death, beginning with the captured revenue officers who were apparently engaging in criminal activity.

The film's setting then shifts to Ramanaa, a mild-mannered professor at National College, who lives in an house with four adopted kids. While visiting his adopted child at the hospital, Ramanaa discovers that the officials at the facility are engaging in extortion and fraud. After collecting evidence of the hospital staff's deception, Ramanaa turns them over to the authorities. The ringleader is the hospital dean, who commits suicide when this is discovered. His grief-stricken father, a local construction magnate named Bhadrinarayanan, vows to take revenge on the man responsible for his son's death.

During the festival of Deepavali, Ramanaa's apartment building collapses, killing many residents including his wife and daughter. Recovering from the incident, he demands to know who was responsible for the building's collapse. He discovers that the building was built and owned by Bhadrinarayanan, who knowingly constructed the complex on loose soil. When Ramanaa confronts him, he is beaten by Bhadrinarayanan and his men, but manages to escape. In response to Bhadrinarayanan's actions, and the general corruption in the region, Ramanaa forms the Anti-Corruption Force (A.C.F.). Ramanaa and his A.C.F. ultimately capture and hang Bhadrinarayanan, along with other corrupt government officials.

Meanwhile, a local police constable begins building a case against the A.C.F. The constable eventually realizes that the A.C.F is primarily composed of students and alumni of Ramanaa's school, and takes swift action against them. The A.C.F. members are captured and tortured by the police, but refuse to reveal Ramanaa's identity. Ramanaa is overcome with guilt over his students' sacrifice and surrenders himself, on the condition that the other members of the A.C.F. be released. He is tried and convicted of the murders of Bhadrinarayanan and other government officials, and is sentenced to death. Public pressure from the sympathetic community forces the Chief Minister to offer Ramanaa an appeal. However, Ramana refuses, stating that he must face the consequences of his actions, and is ultimately hanged. The constable is offered a promotion for his role in disbanding the A.C.F., but he refuses out of guilt.


Yugi Sethu replaced R. Madhavan in a role in the film.[3]

Reproduction and character map

Ramanaa was reproduced in a variety of different languages and casts. The Telugu version Tagore was an instant blockbuster along with its Hindi version Gabbar is Back.

Ramanaa 2002
Tagore 2003
Vishnu Sena 2005
Tiger 2007
Gabbar is Back 2015
Vijayakanth Chiranjeevi Vishnuvardhan Mithun Chakraborty Akshay Kumar
Ashima Bhalla Shriya Saran Gurleen Chopra --- Shruti Haasan
Simran Jyothika Lakshmi Gopalaswamy Debasree RoyKareena Kapoor Khan
Vijayan Sayaji Shinde Ashutosh Rana Rajatava Dutta Suman Talwar
Mukesh Rishi Puneet Issar Pankaj Dheer George Baker Jaideep Ahlawat
Yugi Sethu Prakash Raj Ramesh Arvind Dulal Lahiri Sunil Grover

Box office

The film was a critical and commercial success. It was the second highest grossing Tamil film of 2002 after Ajith Kumar's Villain.


Soundtrack album by Ilaiyaraaja
Released 2002
Genre Feature film soundtrack
Label Star Music
Producer Ilaiyaraaja

The Ramanaa soundtrack was composed by Ilaiyaraaja, and is the only collaboration by Murugadoss and Ilaiyaraaja. The soundtrack has 8 songs.

Track list
1."Vaanaviley"  Hariharan, Sadhana Sargam5:15
2."Vennilavin"  Hariharan, Sadhana Sargam5:51
3."Vaanam Adhirave"  Unnikrishnan, Sadhana Sargam, Bhavatharini4:58
4."Oorukkoru"  Ilaiyaraaja5:01
5."Vaanaviley"  Ilaiyaraaja, Balakumar S5:15
6."Alli Mudicha"  Pushpavanam Kuppusamy, Swarnalatha5:20
7."Angey Yaaru Paaru"  Yuvan Shankar Raja, Tippu, Surender, Karthik5:05
8."Vaanaviley"  Sadhana Sargam5:15


  1. "Ramana (2002)".
  2. Dhananjayan, G. (2014-11-03). PRIDE OF TAMIL CINEMA: 1931 TO 2013: Tamil Films that have earned National and International Recognition. Blue Ocean Publishers.
  3. "Yugi Sethu". Sify Movies. Sify Technologies Ltd,.
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