|Directed by||A. R. Murugadoss|
|Produced by||V. Ravichandran|
|Written by||A. R. Murugadoss|
|Cinematography||M. S. Prabhu|
|Edited by||Suresh Urs|
Aascar Film Pvt. Ltd
|Distributed by||Aascar Film Pvt. Ltd|
|4 November 2002|
Ramanaa, also known as Ramana, is a 2002 Tamil vigilante-thriller film written and directed by A. R. Murugadoss, starring Vijayakanth and Simran. The film is about a man named Ramana who decides to abolish corruption completely with the help of his ex-students who are working in various government offices. The film received positive reviews from both film critics and audiences. It was awarded the 2002 Tamil Nadu State Film Award for Best Film and A. R. Murugadoss won the Tamil Nadu State Film Award for Best Dialogue Writer. Subsequently, the film was remade in Telugu as Tagore in 2003, in Kannada as Vishnu Sena in 2005 , in Bengali as Tiger in 2007 and in Hindi as Gabbar Is Back in 2015.
Ramanaa begins with the abduction of fifteen revenue officers. After three days in captivity, fourteen officers are released, but one is murdered. The police find a tape recording and a file on the dead officer's body that provide significant evidence concerning the kidnapping and subsequent murder. The file suggests that the crimes were committed by members of the self-proclaimed "Anti-Corruption Force" (A.C.F.), a citizen militia seeking to eliminate corruption through vigilante actss. The militia, acting as a kangaroo court, "sentenced" corrupt officials in the area to death, beginning with the captured revenue officers who were apparently engaging in criminal activity.
The film's setting then shifts to Ramanaa, a mild-mannered professor at National College, who lives in an house with four adopted kids. While visiting his adopted child at the hospital, Ramanaa discovers that the officials at the facility are engaging in extortion and fraud. After collecting evidence of the hospital staff's deception, Ramanaa turns them over to the authorities. The ringleader is the hospital dean, who commits suicide when this is discovered. His grief-stricken father, a local construction magnate named Bhadrinarayanan, vows to take revenge on the man responsible for his son's death.
During the festival of Deepavali, Ramanaa's apartment building collapses, killing many residents including his wife and daughter. Recovering from the incident, he demands to know who was responsible for the building's collapse. He discovers that the building was built and owned by Bhadrinarayanan, who knowingly constructed the complex on loose soil. When Ramanaa confronts him, he is beaten by Bhadrinarayanan and his men, but manages to escape. In response to Bhadrinarayanan's actions, and the general corruption in the region, Ramanaa forms the Anti-Corruption Force (A.C.F.). Ramanaa and his A.C.F. ultimately capture and hang Bhadrinarayanan, along with other corrupt government officials.
Meanwhile, a local police constable begins building a case against the A.C.F. The constable eventually realizes that the A.C.F is primarily composed of students and alumni of Ramanaa's school, and takes swift action against them. The A.C.F. members are captured and tortured by the police, but refuse to reveal Ramanaa's identity. Ramanaa is overcome with guilt over his students' sacrifice and surrenders himself, on the condition that the other members of the A.C.F. be released. He is tried and convicted of the murders of Bhadrinarayanan and other government officials, and is sentenced to death. Public pressure from the sympathetic community forces the Chief Minister to offer Ramanaa an appeal. However, Ramana refuses, stating that he must face the consequences of his actions, and is ultimately hanged. The constable is offered a promotion for his role in disbanding the A.C.F., but he refuses out of guilt.
- Vijayakanth as Ramana
- Simran Bagga as Chitra
- Ashima Bhalla as Anitha
- Vijayan as Bhadrinarayanan
- Yugi Sethu as Narayanan
- Riyaz Khan as Rites
- Ravichandran as Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu
- Rajesh as district collector
- Mukesh Rishi as Jalandhar Singh
- V. Z. Durai as ACF member
Reproduction and character map
|Soundtrack album by Ilaiyaraaja|
|Genre||Feature film soundtrack|
The Ramanaa soundtrack was composed by Ilaiyaraaja, and is the only collaboration by Murugadoss and Ilaiyaraaja. The soundtrack has 8 songs.
|1.||"Vaanaviley"||Hariharan, Sadhana Sargam||5:15|
|2.||"Vennilavin"||Hariharan, Sadhana Sargam||5:51|
|3.||"Vaanam Adhirave"||Unnikrishnan, Sadhana Sargam, Bhavatharini||4:58|
|5.||"Vaanaviley"||Ilaiyaraaja, Balakumar S||5:15|
|6.||"Alli Mudicha"||Pushpavanam Kuppusamy, Swarnalatha||5:20|
|7.||"Angey Yaaru Paaru"||Yuvan Shankar Raja, Tippu, Surender, Karthik||5:05|
- "Ramana (2002)".
- Dhananjayan, G. (2014-11-03). PRIDE OF TAMIL CINEMA: 1931 TO 2013: Tamil Films that have earned National and International Recognition. Blue Ocean Publishers.
- "Yugi Sethu". Sify Movies. Sify Technologies Ltd,.