Sakura Domain

Moats of Sakura Castle, administrative center of Sakura Domain

Sakura Domain (佐倉藩 Sakura-han) was a feudal domain under the Tokugawa shogunate of Edo period Japan, located in Shimōsa Province (modern-day Chiba Prefecture), Japan. It was centered on Sakura Castle in what is now the city of Sakura, Chiba. It was ruled for most of its history by the Hotta clan.


Sakura Domain was originally created for Takeda Tadateru, the fifth son of Tokugawa Ieyasu in 1593, near the site of an ancient castle of the Chiba clan, which had fallen into ruins in the early Sengoku period. The domain subsequently passed through a bewildering number of hands during the 1600s, before coming under the control of the Hotta clan in the mid-18th century. During the Bakumatsu period, Hotta Masayoshi was one of the major proponents of rangaku and an ending to the country’s national isolation policy. He was one of the signers of the Treaty of Amity and Commerce with the United States. His son, Hotta Masatomo was a key supporter of the Tokugawa shogunate in the early stages of the Boshin War. After the Meiji Restoration, he was pardoned, and eventually made a count (hakushaku) in the kazoku peerage.

Holdings at the end of the Edo period

As with most domains in the han system, Sakura Domain consisted of several discontinuous territories calculated to provide the assigned kokudaka, based on periodic cadastral surveys and projected agricultural yields.[1][2]

List of daimyō

#Name Tenure Courtesy title Court Rank kokudaka
Takeda clan (shimpan) 1593-1602
1Takeda Nobuyoshi (武田信吉)1593–1602 -none- -none- 40,000 koku
Matsudaira clan (shimpan) 1602-1603
1Matsudaira Tadateru (松平忠輝)1602–1603 Sakone-no-shosho (左近衛少将) Lower 4th (従四位下) 50,000 koku
Ogasawara clan (fudai) 1603-1608
1Ogasawara Yoshitsugu (小笠原吉次)1603–1608 Izumi-no-kami (和泉守) Lower 5th (従五位下) 22,000 koku
Doi clan (fudai) 1608-1633
1Doi Toshikatsu (土井利勝)1608–1633 Ōi-no-kami (大炊頭); Jiju (侍従) Lower 4th (従四位下) 32,000 –> 142,000 koku
Ishikawa clan (fudai) 1633-1634
1Ishikawa Tadafusa (石川忠総)1633–1634 Tonomo-no-kami (大炊頭) Lower 4th (従四位下) 70,000 koku
Matsudaira (Katahara) clan (fudai) 1634-1640
1Matsudaira Ienobu (松平家信)1634-1638Kii-no-kami (紀伊守) Lower 4th (従四位下) 40,000 koku
2Matsudaira Ienobu (松平康信)1638–1640Wakasa-no-kami (若狭守) Lower 4th (従四位下) 40,000 koku
Hotta clan (fudai) 1642-1640
1Hotta Masamori (堀田正盛)1642-1651Dewa-no-kami (出羽守); Jiju (侍従) Lower 4th (従四位下) 110,000 koku
2Hotta Masanobu (堀田正信)1651–1660Kozuke-no-suke (上野介) Lower 5th (従五位下) 110,000 koku
Matsudaira clan (fudai) 1661-1678
1Matsudaira Norihisa (松平乗久)1661–1678 Izumi-no-kami (和泉守) Lower 4th (従五位下) 60,000 koku
Ōkubo clan (fudai) 1678-1686
1Ōkubo Tadatomo (松平乗久)1678–1686 Kaga-no-kami (加賀守); Jiju (侍従) Lower 4th (従四位下) 83,000 –> 93,000 koku
Toda clan (fudai) 1699-1701
1Toda Tadamasa (戸田 忠昌)1686–1699 Yamashiro-no-kami (山城守); Jiju (侍従) Lower 4th (従四位下) 61,000 –> 71,000 koku
1Toda Tadazane (戸田忠真)1699–1701 Yamashiro-no-kami (山城守); Jiju (侍従) Lower 4th (従四位下) 71,000 koku
Inaba clan (fudai) 1701-1723
1Inaba Masamichi (稲葉正往)1701–1707 Tango-no-kami (丹後守); Jiju (侍従) Lower 4th (従四位下) 102,000 koku
2Inaba Masatomo (稲葉正知)1707–1723 Tango-no-kami (丹後守) Lower 4th (従四位下) 102,000 koku
Matsudaira clan (fudai) 1723-1746
1Matsudaira Norisato (松平乗邑)1723–1745 Izumi-no-kami (和泉守); Jiju (侍従) Lower 4th (従四位下) 60,000 koku
2Matsudaira Norisuke (松平乗祐)1745–1746 Izumi-no-kami (和泉守) Lower 5th (従五位下) 60,000 koku
Hotta clan (fudai) 1746-1871
1Hotta Masasuke (堀田正亮)1746–1761Sagami-no-kami (相模守); Jiju (侍従) Lower 4th (従四位下) 100,000 ->110,000 koku
2Hotta Masanari (堀田正順)1761–1805 Sagami-no-kami (相模守); Jiju (侍従) Lower 4th (従四位下) 110,000 koku
3Hotta Masatoki (堀田正時)1805–1811Sagami-no-kami (相模守) Lower 5th (従五位下) 110,000 koku
4Hotta Masachika (堀田正愛)1811–1824Sagami-no-kami (相模守)Lower 5th (従五位下) 110,000 koku
5Hotta Masayoshi (堀田正睦)1825–1859Sagami-no-kami (相模守) Lower 4th (従四位下) 110,000 koku
6Hotta Masatomo (堀田正倫)1859–1871 Sagami-no-kami (相模守) Lower 5th (従五位下) 110,000 koku


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