Sura 112 of the Quran  

Arabic text · English translation

Classification Meccan
Alternate titles (Ar.) (Sūrat al-Tawḥīd) سورة التوحيد
Other names The Unity, Oneness of God, Sincere Religion, The Declaration of [God's] Perfection
Position Juzʼ 30
Number of verses 4

Sūrat al-Ikhlāṣ (Arabic: سورة الإخلاص, "Fidelity" or "Sincerity"), also known as Sūrat al-Tawḥīd (Arabic: سورة التوحيد, "Monotheism") is the 112th Sura of the Qur'an. In the early years of Islam, the sūrahs of the Quran came to be known by several different names, sometimes varying by region.[1] This sūrah was among those to receive many different titles. It is a short declaration of tawhid, God's absolute oneness, consisting of 4 ayat. Al-Ikhlas means "the purity" or "the refining".

It is disputed whether this is a Meccan or Madinan sura. The former seems more probable, particularly since it seems to have been alluded to by Bilal of Abyssinia, who, when he was being tortured by his cruel master, is said to have repeated "Ahad, Ahad!" (unique, referring as here to Allah). It is reported from Ubayy ibn Ka'b that it was revealed after the polytheists asked "O Muhammad! Tell us the lineage of your Lord."


Also see: Al-Falaq, Al-Nas, Al-Mu'awwidhatayn

According to a hadith, this sura is an especially important and honored part of the Quran:

See also


  1. A.T. Welch, art. ‘al-Ḳur’ān’ in Encyclopaedia of Islam, 2nd edn. On early development of sura headings see Adam Gacek, Arabic Manuscripts: A Vademecum For Readers, Handbook of Oriental Studies (Leiden/Boston: Brill, 2009), pp. 219–20.
  2. Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 93: ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED) Volume 9, Number 471
  3. Imam Malik's Muwatta Chapter No: 15, The Quran Hadith no: 19
  4. Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 93: ONENESS, UNIQUENESS OF ALLAH (TAWHEED) Volume 9, Number 472
  5. Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 61: Virtues of the Qur'an Book 61, Number 534
  7. (Sahih al-Bukhari Vol.6 Bk.6 No.536)
  8. Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 71: Medicine Volume 7, Number 644

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