Thakur or Thakore (Sanskrit: ठक्कुर) is a feudal title and a surname used by various communities in India and Nepal. The word Thakur means lord, god or master, It is derived from the Sanskrit word thākura meaning deity, idol, chief or man of rank. Hindu god, Dharma Thakur is worshipped in the Rarh region folklore. The title was used by rulers of several princely states including Ambliara, Vala, Morbi, and Varsoda.
In the zamindari system, Brahmins & Rajput Thakurs were landlords who used to collect revenue in their jagir (feudatory estate). As Thakurs were a royal sub-caste of Rajputs, the Central-Eastern part of Northern India comprising Delhi, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and eastern Bihar choose to resemble Thakur as their caste.
The title had a loftier compound variant: Thakur Sahib.
A Thakur's (e)state, called Thakorate, reached salute state rank in the British Empire of India. The Thakore Sahib of Dhrol, Thakore Sahib of Limbdi, Thakore Sahib of Palitana and Thakore Sahib of Rajkot were recognised with hereditary 9-guns salutes. While the Thakur Shaib of Gondal had an 11-guns salute.
- Page 915, Yule, Henry. Hobson-Jobson: A glossary of colloquial Anglo-Indian words and phrases... London: J. Murray, 1903.
- "Thakur Name Meaning". Ancestry.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-11-12.
- Retrieved on 2013-09-21 from Sanskrit Dictionary for Spoken Sanskrit by Klaus Glashoff.
- "Thakur". Every Culture. Retrieved 2016-11-12.
- Inc, Merriam-Webster (1999-01-01). Merriam-Webster's Encyclopedia of World Religions. Merriam-Webster. ISBN 9780877790440.
- "Dharma-Thakur | Indian deity". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2016-11-12.
- Powell, Baden Henry Baden (2015-09-27). "Full Text". The Land-Systems of British India, Vol. 1: Being a Manual of the Land-Tenures and of the Systems of Land-Revenue Administration Prevalent in the Several Provinces. Forgotten Books. ISBN 9781331559207.
- "Agarsingji Raisingji vs Bai Naniba on 9 April, 1914". Indian Kanoon. Retrieved 2016-11-12.
- Wright, Colin. "DHROL: Jai Singh, Thakur Sahib of Dhrole (1824-1886).". British Library. Retrieved 2016-11-12.
- Rathore, Abhinay. "Limbdi (Princely State)". Rajput Provinces of India. Retrieved 2016-11-12.
- Strathcarron, Ian (2013-07-24). The Indian Equator: Mark Twain's India Revisited. Courier Corporation. ISBN 9780486315805.