1 Canadian Air Division

{{Infobox military unit | unit_name = Canadian NORAD Region / 1 Canadian Air Division | image = CANR small.jpg | image_size = 175px | caption = Canadian NORAD Region Emblem | dates = June 1, 1983 – present | country = Canada | allegiance = | branch = Royal Canadian Air Force | type = Aerospace warning and aerospace control | role = The mission of the Canadian NORAD Region (CANR) is to provide aerospace surveillance, identification, control and warning for the defence of Canada and North America. | size = Headquarters has 600 regular and reserve force members | command_structure = Part of North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) | garrison = CFB Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada (1 April 1997 – present); North Bay, Ontario, Canada (1 June 1983 – 31 March 1997) | garrison_label = | nickname = | patron = | motto = | colors = Blue, green, yellow, and silver | colors_label = | march = | mascot = | equipment = | equipment_label = | battles = | anniversaries = June 1 | decorations = | battle_honours = | disbanded = | website = www.rcaf-arc.forces.gc.ca/en/1-cdn-air-div/index.page commander1 = Major-General Christian Drouin[1]

commander1_label = Jun 2016 - Present

commander2 = Major-General David Wheeler[2]

commander2_label Jul 2014 - Jun 2016

commander3 = Major-General Pierre St-Amand[3]

commander3_label = Jul 2012 – Jul 2014

commander4 = Major-General Alain Parent[4]

commander4_label = Jul 2011 – Jul 2012

commander5 = Major-General Yvan Blondin[5]

Today based in Winnipeg, Manitoba, the division is also the headquarters for the Canadian NORAD Region (CANR), commands 11 of the RCAF's 13 wings, and oversees the monitoring of Canada's airspace in support of the nation's commitments to the North American Aerospace Defence Command (NORAD). The division is staffed by 600 regular and reserve force members. In addition to military personnel the headquarters is also assisted by civilian personnel in the Operational Research and Analysis Directorate (ORAD).


  1. {{cite web title=1 Canadian Air Division Commander url=http://www.rcaf-arc.forces.gc.ca/en/1-cdn-air-div/commander.page publisher=Royal Canadian Air Force access date=28 November 2016}}
  2. {{cite web title=1 Canadian Air Division Commander url=http://www.blatherwick.net/documents/General%20&%20Flag%20Officers%201964%20to%20Current/2016%20General%20and%20Flag%20Officers.pdf publisher=blatherwick access date=28 November 2016}}
  3. "New Commander of 1 Canadian Air Division". Aviation.ca. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
  4. "New Commander for 1 Canadian Air Division/Canadian NORAD Region". Aviation.ca accessdate=28 November 2016.
  5. {{cite web title=Archived - New Commander of 1 Canadian Air Division/Canadian NORAD Region url=http://news.gc.ca/web/article-en.do?m=/index&nid=465989 publisher=DND accessdate=28 November 2016}}<ref> commander5_label = Jul 2009 – Jul 2011 commander6 = Major-General Marcel Duval<ref>{{cite web title=New Commander of 1 Canadian Air Division/Canadian NORAD Region, July 18, 2007 url=http://www.airforce.forces.gc.ca/v2/nr-sp/index-eng.asp?id=3910 publisher=Canada's Air Force accessdate=12 December 2010}}</ref> commander6_label = Jul 2007 – Jul 2009 commander7 = Major-General Charles Bouchard<ref>{{cite web title=Charles Bouchard url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Bouchard publisher=wikipedia accessdate=28 November 2016}}</ref> commander7_label = Aug 2004 – Jul 2007 commander8 = Major-General Marc Dumais<ref>{{cite web title = MGen Marc Dumais Tours 8 Wing/CFB Trenton url=http://thecontactnewspaper.cfbtrenton.com/archives2002/oct_18_2002/1.html publisher=The Contact accessdate=28 November 2016}}</ref> commander8_label = Jul 2002 - Aug 2004 commander9 = Major-General Steve Lucas<ref>{{cite web title = Former City Man to Lead Air Force url=http://www.zoominfo.com/CachedPage/?archive_id=0&page_id=1012291765&page_url=//www.canoe.ca/NewsStand/WinnipegSun/News/2005/02/17/933687-sun.html&page_last_updated=2005-02-18T00:00:10&firstName=Steve&lastName=Lucas publisher=The Winnipeg Sun accessdate=28 November 2016}}</ref> commander9_label = Jul 2000 - Jul 2002 commander10 = Major-General Lloyd Campbell<ref>{{cite web title = Lloyd Campbell url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lloyd_Campbell publisher=wikipedia accessdate=28November 2016}}</ref> commander10_label = Apr 1998 - Jul 2000 commander11 - MGen George Macdonald<ref>{{cite web title = George Macdonald (Canadian General) url=https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_MacDonald_(Canadian_general) publisher wikipedia accessdate=28 November 2016}}</ref> commander 11_label = Jul 1997 - Apr 1998 notable commanders = <!-- Insignia --> | identification_symbol = | identification_symbol_label = | identification_symbol_2 = | identification_symbol_2_label = | identification_symbol_3 = [[Image:RCAF-Roundel.svg|50px]] [[Image:RCAF-LowVis-Roundel.svg|50px]] | identification_symbol_3_label = [[Military aircraft insignia|Roundel]] | identification_symbol_4 = [[File:Flag of Canada.svg|75px|Air Command Fin Flash]] [[File:Fin flash of Canada low visibility.svg|75px|Air Command Fin Flash]] | identification_symbol_4_label = [[Military aircraft insignia#Fin flashes|Fin flash]] | identification_symbol_5 = | identification_symbol_5_label = <!-- Aircraft --> | aircraft_attack = | aircraft_bomber = | aircraft_electronic = | aircraft_fighter = [[CF-188 Hornet]] | aircraft_helicopter = [[CH-124 Sea King]], [[Bell 206|CH-139 JetRanger]], [[CH-146 Griffon]], [[CH-47 Chinook|CH-147 Chinook]], [[CH-148 Cyclone]], [[CH-149 Cormorant]] | aircraft_helicopter_attack = | aircraft_helicopter_cargo = | aircraft_helicopter_multirole = | aircraft_helicopter_observation = | aircraft_helicopter_transport = | aircraft_helicopter_utility = | aircraft_interceptor = | aircraft_patrol = [[CP-140 Aurora]], [[CP-140 Aurora|CP-140A Arcturus]] | aircraft_recon = [[IAI Heron|CU-170 Heron]] | aircraft_trainer = [[Canadair CT-114 Tutor|CT-114 Tutor]], [[de Havilland Canada DHC-8 Dash 8|CT-142 Dash-8]], [[BAE Hawk|CT-155 Hawk]], [[T-6 Texan II|CT-156 Harvard II]] | aircraft_transport = [[De Havilland Canada DHC-5 Buffalo|CC-115 Buffalo]], [[Lockheed C-130 Hercules|CC-130 Hercules]], [[Lockheed Martin C-130J Super Hercules|CC-130J Super Hercules]], [[de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter|CC-138 Twin Otter]], [[Bombardier Challenger 600|CC-144 Challenger]], [[CC-150 Polaris]], [[C-17 Globemaster III|CC-177 Globemaster]] }} '''1 Canadian Air Division''' (1 Cdn Air Div) (French: ''1<sup>re</sup> Division aérienne du Canada'') is the operational-level command and control formation of the [[Royal Canadian Air Force]] (RCAF). Prior to 2006 the official abbreviation for the division was '''1 CAD'''. It is commanded by an air force major-general.<ref name="New Commander of 1 Canadian Air Division/Canadian NORAD Region, July 9, 2009">{{cite web | url=http://www.airforce.forces.gc.ca/v2/nr-sp/index-eng.asp?id=8910 | title=New Commander of 1 Canadian Air Division/Canadian NORAD Region, July 9, 2009 | accessdate=2010-01-12 | publisher=Canada's Air Force }}</ref><ref name="New Commander of 1 Canadian Air Division/Canadian NORAD Region, July 18, 2007">{{cite web | url=http://www.airforce.forces.gc.ca/v2/nr-sp/index-eng.asp?id=3910 | title=New Commander of 1 Canadian Air Division/Canadian NORAD Region, July 18, 2007 | accessdate=2010-01-12 | publisher=Canada's Air Force }}</ref> ==No. 1 Air Division RCAF 1952–67== The division traces its origins to the activation of Headquarters No. 1 Air Division, Royal Canadian Air Force in [[Paris, France]] on 1 October 1952. Air Division headquarters relocated to [[Metz]], France in April 1953.<ref>Greenhous1999, p. 132.</ref> No. 1 Air Division was established to meet Canada's NATO air defence commitments in Europe. It consisted of four wings of twelve [[fighter jet|fighter]] squadrons located at four bases. Two bases were located in France ([[RCAF Station Marville]] (No. 1 Wing) and [[RCAF Station Grostenquin]] (No. 2 Wing)) and two were located in [[West Germany]] ([[RCAF Station Zweibrücken]] (No. 3 Wing) and [[RCAF Station Baden-Soellingen]] (No. 4 Wing). ( No. 1 Wing was first located at RCAF North Luffenham, England and was moved to Marville some time after October, 1954). These wings were part of a group of bases which also included U.S. and French installations, all of which came under the jurisdiction of NATO's [[Fourth Allied Tactical Air Force]] (4 ATAF) which, in turn, was commanded by [[Allied Air Forces Central Europe]] (AAFCE). Components located in Metz included Air Division Headquarters, an air traffic control centre, a telecommunications centre, a combat operations centre, and a support unit. From 1952 to 1963 the RCAF operated the 30 Air Materiel Base, at RCAF Langar ([[RAF Langar]]) in Nottinghamshire. RCAF Langar was Canada's last base in the U.K. and served as a primary supply station for No. 1 Air Division RCAF in Europe. Canadian squadrons were originally equipped with [[Canadair Sabre]] day fighters. One squadron of each wing, however, would be replaced by the all-weather [[Avro CF-100|CF-100]] in 1956. The Sabre squadrons were replaced by ([[nuclear weapon|nuclear]]) strike/reconnaissance [[F-104 Starfighter|CF-104 Starfighters]] in 1962. After the RCAF left France in 1967 and after the RCAF was reorganized and consolidated with Canada's other two services, No. 1 Air Division was replaced by No. 1 Canadian Air Group (1 CAG) with headquarters at [[CFB Lahr]], West Germany.<ref>{{cite web|title=1 Air Division|url=http://www.badenremembered.com/history/1airdivision.htm|publisher=Badenremembered|accessdate=20 January 2010}}</ref> As an austerity measure, in 1968, No. 3 Wing Zweibrücken was closed and its two squadrons were moved to Nos. 1 and 4 Wing. 1969 brought the announcement that the amalgamation of the [[Canadian Forces Europe|Canadian Forces in Europe]] to one command and two bases, and that the Canadian army in northern Germany (Soest area) would be moving south to Nos. 1 and 4 Wings. This meant that No. 1 Wing Lahr would close its doors and the air force in Europe would be reduced in strength (from 6 to 3 squadrons) and concentrated at Baden-Soellingen; the new name would be 1 Canadian Air Group (CAG). The close out parade was held at Baden in the arena on June 29, 1970. This was the change date from 4 Wing to 1 CAG. It was also the disbanding date for two of the squadrons. The Group remained until 1988 when Canada increased her commitment to NATO (three squadrons in theatre and two squadrons in Canada) and No. 1 Canadian Air Division stood-up again. However, shortly after this, relations with the east started to warm and Canada made another announcement: Canada would withdraw her forces stationed in Europe and close the doors on her two bases by 1994. The Air Division, reduced to three squadrons then to two and finally one, ceased flying operations 1 January 1993. This ended a major era of Canada's Air Force. === Division structure in 1989 === * '''[[No. 1 Air Division RCAF|1 Canadian Air Division]]''', [[CFB Baden-Soellingen|CFB Baden-Söllingen]], in war under [[Fourth Allied Tactical Air Force]] ** '''3 Wing''' [[Canadian Forces Base Lahr|CFB Lahr]] *** 3 Wing Operations *** 3 Communication and Air Traffic Control Squadron *** [[416 Tactical Fighter Squadron]] or [[441 Tactical Fighter Squadron]] from [[CFB Cold Lake]], 18x [[McDonnell Douglas CF-18 Hornet|CF-18]] *** [[425 Tactical Fighter Squadron]] or [[433 Tactical Fighter Squadron]] from [[CFB Bagotville]], 18x CF-18 ** '''4 Wing''' CFB Baden-Söllingen *** 4 Wing Operations *** 4 Communication and Air Traffic Control Squadron *** [[409 Tactical Fighter Squadron]], 18x [[McDonnell Douglas CF-18 Hornet|CF-18]] *** [[No. 421 Squadron RCAF|421 Tactical Fighter Squadron]], 18x CF-18 *** [[439 Combat Support Squadron|439 Tactical Fighter Squadron]], 18x CF-18 *** Air Reserve Augmentation Flight (Reserve Pilots) *** Training Flight, 5x [[Canadair CT-133 Silver Star|CT-133 Silver Star]] *** 1 Air Maintenance Squadron CFB Baden-Soellingen *** 4 Construction Engineer Squadron, detached from [[Royal Canadian Engineers]] ** [[444 Combat Support Squadron|444 Tactical Helicopter Squadron]] (detached to [[4 Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group]]), CFB Lahr ([[Bell OH-58 Kiowa|CH136 Kiowa]], [[Bell UH-1N Twin Huey|UH1N]]) ** Detachment Lahr, [[412 Transport Squadron]], 2x [[Bombardier Dash 8|CC-142 Dash 8]] *** 5 Air Movement Unit ==Recreation from 1997== In the summer of 1997, the functional groups ([[Canadian Forces Air Transport Command|Air Transport Group]], [[Fighter Group (Canada)|Fighter Group]], [[Maritime Air Group]], [[Air Reserve Group]],<ref>Formed 1976. http://www.rcaf-arc.forces.gc.ca/en/air-reserve/index.page</ref> and 10 Tactical Air Group) were dissolved, and 14 Training Group was absorbed within Air Command Headquarters. 1 Canadian Air Division was stood up in Winnipeg to exercise operational command of all CF air assets.<ref>Canadian Forces Aerospace Doctrine, B-GA-400-000/FP-000, Second Edition, December 2010, 12.

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