Architects of Iran

Traditionally, Iranian architects were known as Mi'mars.

The Persian dictionary of Mo'in defines Mi'mar as:

  1. That who devises the design and plan of a building, and overlooks its construction.
  2. A Banna
  3. That who is responsible for the building, developing, and repairs of a structure or edifice (Emārat).

Classical words Banna, Mohandes, Ostad, and Amal which appear in classical manuals and references of Islamic architecture.

Although many scholars do not recognize the Mimar and the Architect to historically be the same, they do agree that their responsibilities overlap extensively. In this list, they are taken to be the same.

The list is in chronological order and selectively spans the Islamic age based on available records. There is little, if any, record of the numerous masters of architecture that built some of the early Islamic and pre-Islamic world's wonders of Iran. It is unknown who built the palaces of Bishapur, Firouzabad, Persopolis, Susa, or the many other spectacular ancient edifices of Greater Iran. No record of their names exists. Only the ruins of what they built give us a faint indication of what masters must have walked the face of this earth eons ago.

Many of the structures remaining today possibly had more than one architect working on them. Only one is mentioned in the following list, and only their most famous work is mentioned. The list also contains the names of builders whom exact dates have been attributed to their buildings.


First four centuries of The Islamic Era

13th century

14th century

The 8 minareted Soltaniyeh.

15th century

Goharshad mosque built in 1418 CE by the orders of Goharshad, wife of Shah Rukh.

16th century

17th century

18th century

19th century

20th century

Tabriz City Hall, by Arfa'ul Mulk


Outside Iran


External links

References used

  1. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2005-07-24. Retrieved 2005-07-18.
  3. Akiner, Shirin (1991). Kegan, Paul, ed. Cultural Change and Continuity in Central Asia. Routledge. p. 293.
  4. "Baha'i House of Worship - Ashkabad, Central Asia". The National Spiritual Assembly of the Baha'is of the United States. 2007. Archived from the original on 8 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-03.
  5. Rafati, V.; Sahba, F. (1989). "Bahai temples". Encyclopædia Iranica.

For a full comprehensive list of Iranian architects from antiquity up to the modern age, refer to:

See also

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