Guilford, New York

Guilford, New York
Motto: "In the heart of NY"

Location within Chenango County

Location within the state of New York

Coordinates: 42°24′11″N 75°27′8″W / 42.40306°N 75.45222°W / 42.40306; -75.45222Coordinates: 42°24′11″N 75°27′8″W / 42.40306°N 75.45222°W / 42.40306; -75.45222
Country United States
State New York
County Chenango
  Type Town Council
  Town Supervisor George J. Seneck (R)
  Town Council
  Total 62.0 sq mi (160.5 km2)
  Land 61.7 sq mi (159.8 km2)
  Water 0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)
Elevation 1,362 ft (415 m)
Population (2010)
  Total 2,922
  Density 47/sq mi (18.3/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
  Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 13780
Area code(s) 607 Exchange: 895
FIPS code 36-31148
GNIS feature ID 0979031

Guilford is a town in Chenango County, New York, United States. The town is on the east border of the county. The population was 2,922 at the 2010 census.[1]


The land was purchased from the Oneida people in 1785. The town was first settled around 1787. One of the first settlements was in what is now known as East Guilford, by the Mercereau brothers (who were Revolutionary War spies for George Washington). They built a mill on Guilford Creek at Indian Orchard Falls, along the Catskill Turnpike.

Guilford was formed from the town of Oxford in 1813 as "Eastern". The name became "Guilford" in 1817. The town was called by an older name, "Fayette", for the early part of its history during the time it was in Tioga County.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 62.0 square miles (160.5 km2), of which 61.7 square miles (159.8 km2) is land and 0.23 square miles (0.6 km2), or 0.39%, is water.[1]

The east town line is the border of Otsego County. The border is marked by the Unadilla River, a south-flowing tributary of the Susquehanna River.

New York State Route 8 is a north-south highway paralleling the Unadilla River.


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 20142,874[2]−1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[3]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 3,046 people, 1,181 households, and 838 families residing in the town. The population density was 49.4 people per square mile (19.1/km²). There were 1,462 housing units at an average density of 23.7 per square mile (9.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.64% White, 0.66% African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.23% from other races, and 1.08% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.89% of the population.

There were 1,181 households out of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.2% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.0% were non-families. 22.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the town the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 26.5% from 45 to 64, and 13.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 102.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $36,681, and the median income for a family was $40,801. Males had a median income of $31,528 versus $24,742 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,536. About 10.7% of families and 12.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.2% of those under age 18 and 8.6% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people

Communities and locations in Guilford


  1. 1 2 "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Guilford town, Chenango County, New York". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
  2. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  3. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  4. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. 1 2 National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  6. "National Register of Historic Places". WEEKLY LIST OF ACTIONS TAKEN ON PROPERTIES: 8/30/10 THROUGH 9/03/10. National Park Service. 2010-09-10.
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