List of metropolitan areas in Europe

This is a list of metropolitan areas. For a list of urban areas, see List of urban areas in Europe. For a list of cities proper, see List of European cities by population within city limits. For a list of European cities by country, see List of cities in Europe.
Satellite picture of Europe by night. Light from the major metropolitan areas and cities is clearly visible.

This is a list of metropolitan areas in Europe, with their population according to three different sources. The list includes metropolitan areas that have a population of over 1 million.


List includes metropolitan areas according only studies of ESPON, Eurostat, and OECD. For this reason some metropolitan areas, like Italian Genoa Metropolitan Area (population is over 1.510.000 as of 2012 according "CityRailway" Official Report), aren't included in this list, with data by other statistic survey institutes.

Figures in the first column come from the ESPON project, "Study on Urban Functions", which defines cities according to the concept of a functional urban area (core urban area defined morphologically on the basis of population density, plus the surrounding labour pool defined on the basis of commuting). Figures in the second column come from Eurostat's Urban Audit and correspond to Larger Urban Zones (LUZ). Figures in the fourth column come from the OECD Territorial Reviews and correspond to "metropolitan regions". Further information on how the areas are defined can be found in the source documents. These figures should be seen as an interpretation, not as conclusive fact.

Metropolitan areas

  Areas within the European Union
Metropolitan area name Country ESPON
Functional Urban Area
Larger urban zone
Metropolitan region
Amsterdam metropolitan area  Netherlands 2,497,000[lower-alpha 1] 2,437,114 7,500,000[lower-alpha 1]
Antwerp  Belgium 1,406,000[lower-alpha 2] 998,211 No Data
Athens  Greece 3,761,000 3,863,763 3,900,000
Barcelona metropolitan area  Spain 4,082,000[lower-alpha 3] 5,445,616 4,900,000
Belgrade  Serbia No data No data No data
Berlin  Germany 4,016,000 5,005,216 6,000,000
Bilbao  Spain 947,000 1,025,109 No data
Birmingham (West Midlands)  United Kingdom 3,701,107 2,332,629 2,600,000
Bremen  Germany 1,077,000 1,244,363 No data
Greater Bristol  United Kingdom 1,041,000 1,090,080 No data
Brussels-Capital Region  Belgium 2,639,000[lower-alpha 2] 2,967,513 3,800,000
Bucharest metropolitan area  Romania 2,064,000 2,267,419 No data
Budapest metropolitan area  Hungary 2,523,000 2,971,246 2,800,000
Cardiff  United Kingdom 1,097,000 1,085,526 No data
Copenhagen  Denmark 1,881,000[lower-alpha 4] 1,893,010 3,900,000[4][5]
Donetsk  Ukraine No data No data No data
Dnipropetrovsk  Ukraine No data No data No data
Dublin Metropolitan Area  Ireland 1,477,000 1,742,600 1,800,000
Frankfurt/Rhine-Main Region  Germany 2,764,000[lower-alpha 5] 2,573,745 5,600,000
Greater Glasgow  United Kingdom 1,395,000 1,789,003 No data
The Hague  Netherlands 1,404,000[lower-alpha 1] No data Not listed[lower-alpha 1]
Hamburg Metropolitan Region  Germany 2,983,000 3,173,871 4,600,000
Helsinki Metropolitan Area  Finland 1,285,000 1,532,309 1,800,000
Istanbul[lower-alpha 6]  Turkey No data No data 11,400,000
Katowice metropolitan area  Poland 3,029,000[lower-alpha 7] 2,743,929 No data
Kazan  Russia No data No data No data
Kharkiv  Ukraine No data No data No data
Kyiv metropolitan area  Ukraine No data No data No data
Kraków metropolitan area  Poland 1,236,000 1,276,438 2,100,000
West Yorkshire (Bradford - Leeds)  United Kingdom 2,302,000 2,238,127 2,100,000
Lille–Kortrijk–Tournai  France/
1,379,000[lower-alpha 8] 2,572,374 2,600,000
Lisbon Metropolitan Area  Portugal 2,591,000 2,839,908 2,700,000
Liverpool/Birkenhead  United Kingdom 2,241,000 1,352,000 No data
Łódź  Poland 1,165,000 1,116,660 No data
Wrocław  Poland No data No data No data
London metropolitan area  United Kingdom 13,709,000 14,031,830 7,400,000
Lyon  France 1,669,000 2,188,759 1,600,000
Madrid metropolitan area  Spain 5,263,000 6,378,297 5,600,000
Greater Manchester  United Kingdom 2,556,000 2,615,144 2,500,000
Marseille  France 1,530,000 No data No data
Milan metropolitan area  Italy 4,136,000[lower-alpha 9] 4,267,946 8,247,125
Minsk  Belarus No data No data No data
Moscow metropolitan area  Russia No data No data No data
Munich  Germany 2,665,000[lower-alpha 10] 2,808,581 6,100,000
Naples metropolitan area  Italy 2,905,000[lower-alpha 11] 3,127,390 3,100,000
Nice  France 1,082,000 1,082,847 No data
Nizhny Novgorod  Russia No data No data No data
Nottingham-Derby  United Kingdom 1,534,000 1,129,096 No data
Nuremberg Metropolitan Region  Germany 1,443,000 1,301,504 No data
Odesa  Ukraine No data No data No data
Greater Oslo  Norway 1,037,000 1,144,883 1,700,000
Paris metropolitan area  France 11,175,000 12,005,077 11,200,000
Perm  Russia No data No data No data
Porto Metropolitan Area  Portugal 1,245,000[lower-alpha 12] 1,286,111 No data
Portsmouth-Southampton  United Kingdom 1,547,000 1,498,402[lower-alpha 13] No data
Prague  Czech Republic 1,669,000 2,522,136 2,300,000
Rhein-Nord[lower-alpha 14] (Düsseldorf - Neuss)  Germany 3,073,000[lower-alpha 15] No Data Not listed[lower-alpha 1]
Rhein-Süd[lower-alpha 14] (Cologne - Bonn)  Germany 3,070,000[lower-alpha 15] 3,023,545[lower-alpha 16] Not listed[lower-alpha 1]
Riga  Latvia 1,195,000 1,089,767 No data
Rome metropolitan area  Italy 3,190,000 3,700,000 4,321,244
Rostov-on-Don  Russia No data No data No data
Rotterdam  Netherlands 1,904,000[lower-alpha 1] 2,808,550 Not listed[lower-alpha 1]
Ruhr area  Germany 5,376,000[lower-alpha 15] 5,045,784 13,400,000[lower-alpha 15]
Saarbrücken - Forbach  Germany/
1,102,000 822,128 No data
Saint Petersburg  Russia No data No data No data
Samara  Russia No data No data No data
Saratov  Russia No data No data No data
Seville  Spain 1,180,000[lower-alpha 17] 1,877,060 No data
Sofia  Bulgaria 1,260,120 1,543,377 No data
Metropolitan Stockholm  Sweden 2,171,000 2,034,354 2,200,000
South Yorkshire (Sheffield)  United Kingdom 1,569,000 1,596,298 No data
Stuttgart Metropolitan Region  Germany 2,289,000 2,678,795 2,700,000
Thessaloniki Metropolitan Area  Greece 1,052,000 1,166,914 No data
Turin metropolitan area  Italy 1,601,000[lower-alpha 18] 2,302,353 2,200,000
Newcastle-Sunderland  United Kingdom 1,599,000 1,141,879 No data
Ufa  Russia No data No data No data
Valencia  Spain 1,398,000[lower-alpha 19] 2,516,818 2,300,000
Vienna  Austria 2,584,000 2,339,807 2,200,000
Volgograd  Russia No data No data No data
Warsaw metropolitan area  Poland 2,785,000 3,304,641 3,000,000
Zagreb  Croatia 1,107,115 1,123,374 No data
Zürich metropolitan area   Switzerland 1,615,000 1,984,534 2,500,000

Polycentric metropolitan areas in the European Union

(excludes Commonwealth of Independent States and Turkey)

Rank Area State Population[6]
1 Rhine-Ruhr  Germany 12,190,000
2 Randstad  Netherlands 6,787,000
3 Upper Silesian metropolitan area  Poland/ Czech Republic 5,294,000
4 Flemish Diamond  Belgium 5,103,000

See also

Regional and country-specific lists


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Part of the Randstad polycentric urban region consisting of the metropolitan areas of Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague, and Utrecht (982,000). The total population of the region is 7,100,000.
  2. 1 2 The Flemish Diamond metropolitan region, which consists of the metropolitan areas of Brussels, Antwerp, Gent, and Leuven, has a total population of 5,103,000.
  3. Total population is 4,251,000 if the metropolitan area of Mataro (169,000) is included.
  4. Part of the wider Öresund region, which includes the Swedish metropolitan area of Malmö (961,000). The total regional population is 2,842,000.
  5. Part of the Rhein-Main metropolitan region with a total population of 4,149,000, which additionally includes the metropolitan areas of Darmstadt (501,000), Wiesbaden (453,000), and Mainz (431,000).
  6. 65% of the population lives on the European part
  7. Part of the polycentric Upper Silesian urban region with a total population of 5,294,000. The region additionally includes the metropolitan areas of Ostrava (1,046,000), Bielsko-Biala (584,000) and Rybnik (526,000).
  8. Part of the wider Lille-Bassin Minier region with a total population of 3,115,000.
  9. Part of a wider polycentric urban region with a population of 6,011,000.
  10. When combined with the Augsburg metropolitan area (606,000), the region has a total population of 3,271,000.
  11. Part of a wider polycentric urban region with a population of 3,714,000.
  12. Part of a wider polycentric urban region with a population of 1,778,000.
  13. Excludes Southampton
  14. 1 2 Polycentric metropolitan area
  15. 1 2 3 4 Part of the polycentric urban region of Rhein-Ruhr, which has a total population of 12,190,000.
  16. Excludes Bonn
  17. Total population is 1,262,000 if the metropolitan area of Utrera (82,000) is included.
  18. Total population is 1,716,000 if the metropolitan of Pinerolo is included.
  19. Total population is 1,499,000 if the metropolitan area of Sagunto is included.


  1. European Spatial Planning Observation Network, Study on Urban Functions (Project 1.4.3), Final Report, Chapter 3, (ESPON, 2007)
  2. Eurostat
  3. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Competitive Cities in the Global Economy, OECD Territorial Reviews, (OECD Publishing, 2006), Table 1.1
  4. "Danmarks Statistik". Danmarks Statistik. Retrieved 22 September 2015.
  5. "Statistics Sweden". Statistics Sweden. Retrieved 22 September 2015.
  6. European Spatial Planning Observation Network, Study on Urban Functions (Project 1.4.3), Final Report, Chapter 3, (ESPON, 2007) page 241-243

External links

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