|Dual-listed public limited company / Naamloze vennootschap|
|Industry||Information and Analytics|
Reed International PLC
|Headquarters||London, United Kingdom and Amsterdam, Netherlands|
Erik Engstrom (CEO)|
Anthony Habgood (Chairman)
|Products||Information and data analytics, academic and business publishing, exhibitions|
Number of employees
Reed Business Information
RELX Group (known as Reed Elsevier between 1992 and February 2015) is a multinational information and analytics company based in London, in the United Kingdom. It operates in four market segments: scientific, technical and medical; risk and business analytics; legal; and exhibitions.
It is a dual-listed company. RELX PLC, the London Stock Exchange listed shareholding vehicle, holds 52.9% of the shares in RELX Group. RELX NV, the Amsterdam Stock Exchange listed shareholding vehicle, holds 47.1% of the shares in RELX Group. The shares are traded on the London Stock Exchange, Amsterdam Stock Exchange and New York Stock Exchange using the following ticker symbols: London: REL, Amsterdam: REN, New York: RELX and RENX. The company is one of the constituents of the FTSE 100 Index, Financial Times Global 500 and Euronext 100 Index.
The company operates in 40 countries and serves customers in over 180 nations. About 54% of the company’s revenues are generated from the US, with 26 per cent from Europe and 20 per cent from the rest of the world. In 2000, two-thirds of revenues were from print and only a small percentage was digital; by 2015, those numbers had been reversed - print now generates just 15 per cent of revenues at RELX Group.
Reed Elsevier came into being in 1992, following the merger of Reed International, a British trade book and magazine publisher, and Elsevier, the Netherlands-based scientific publisher.
In 1965 Reed Group, as it was then known, became a conglomerate, creating its Decorative Products Division with the purchase of Crown Paints, Polycell and Sanderson's wallpaper and DIY decorating interests.
In 1970, Reed Group merged with the International Publishing Corporation and the company name was changed to Reed International Limited. The company continued to grow by merging with other publishers and produced high quality trade journals as IPC Business Press Ltd and women's and other consumer magazines as IPC magazines Ltd. The original family owners, the Reeds, were Methodists and encouraged good working conditions for their staff in the then-dangerous print trade.
In 1985 the company decided to rationalise its operations, focusing on publishing and selling off its other interests. Sanderson was sold to WestPoint Pepperell, Inc. of Georgia, United States, that year, while Crown Paint and Polycell were sold to Williams Holdings in 1987. The company's paper and packaging production operations were bundled together to form Reedpack and sold to private equity firm Cinven in 1988.
In 1880, Jacobus George Robbers started a publishing company called NV Uitgeversmaatschappij Elsevier (Elsevier Publishing Company NV) to publish literary classics and the encyclopedia Winkler Prins. Robbers named the company after the old Dutch printers family Elzevir, which, for example, published the works of Erasmus in 1587. Elsevier NV originally was based in Rotterdam but moved to Amsterdam in the late 1880s.
Up to the 1930s, Elsevier remained a small family-owned publisher, with no more than ten employees. After the war it launched the weekly Elsevier magazine, which turned out to be very profitable. A rapid expansion followed. Elsevier Press Inc. started in 1951 in Houston, Texas, USA, and in 1962 publishing offices were opened in London and New York. Multiple mergers in the 1970s led to name changes, settling at "Elsevier Scientific Publishers" in 1979. In 1991, two years before the merger with Reed, Elsevier acquired Pergamon Press in the UK.
The company bought the Official Airline Guides Inc, a publisher of airline schedules, for $425 million in August 1993, LexisNexis, an on-line information business, for $1.5 billion in October 1994 and MDL Information Systems Inc, a US software systems and information database developer, for $320 million in March 1997.
The company then acquired Chilton Business Group, a US business information publishing company, for $447 million in June 1997, Matthew Bender & Company Inc, a US publisher of legal information, for $1.65 billion in April 1998 and Harcourt, an education publishing business, for US$4.5 billion plus debt in October 2000.
In 2004, LexisNexis acquired Seisint of Boca Raton, Florida for $775 million, which provided the company with access to HPCC Systems for the first time.
In February 2008, shareholders of Choicepoint voted in favor of acquisition by the company for $4.1 billion. The acquisition was completed in September 2008. Choicepoint was a spinoff of Equifax's Insurance Services Group in August 1997.
In November 2011 Reed Elsevier purchased US online-data business Accuity Holdings Inc. from investment firm Investcorp for £343 million ($530.1 million) in cash.
In March 2012, LexisNexis Legal & Professional, a RELX Group company, acquired Law360, a US-based online provider of legal information and analysis.
In April 2013, Elsevier, a RELX Group company, acquired Mendeley, a London-based desktop and web program for managing and sharing research papers, discovering research data and collaborating online.
In September 2013, LexisNexis Risk Solutions, a RELX Group company, acquired Mapflow, a Dublin-based group that helps insurance companies assess geographic risk, in particular in relation to flooding.
In November 2015, LexisNexis Legal & Professional, a RELX Group company, acquired Lex Machina, a US-based online provider of legal analytics.
In February 2007, the company announced its intention to sell Harcourt, its educational publishing division. On 4 May 2007 Pearson, the international education and information company, announced that it had agreed to acquire Harcourt Assessment and Harcourt Education International from Reed Elsevier for $950m in cash. In July 2007, Reed Elsevier announced its agreement to sell the remaining Harcourt Education business, including international imprint Heinemann, to Houghton Mifflin Riverdeep Group for $4 billion in cash and stock.
In July 2009, Reed Elsevier announced its intention to sell most of its North American trade publications, including Publishers Weekly, Broadcasting & Cable, and Multichannel News, although it planned to retain Variety.
In April 2010, Reed Elsevier announced that it had sold 21 US magazines to other owners in recent months, and that an additional 23 US trade magazines, including Restaurants & Institutions, Hotels, and Trade Show Week would cease publication. The closures were mostly due to the weak economy including an advertising slump.
In 2014, Reed Business Information sold BuyerZone, an online marketplace; emedia, an American provider of research for IT buyers and vendors; and a majority stake in Reed Construction Data, a provider of construction data.
RELX Group operates in four market segments:
- Scientific, Technical & Medical, under the Elsevier brand
- Risk & Business Analytics, under the LexisNexis Risk Solutions and Reed Business Information brands
- Legal, under the LexisNexis brand
- Exhibitions, under the Reed Exhibitions brand
Scientific, Technical & Medical
RELX Group's Scientific, Technical & Medical business provides information, analytics and tools that help investors make decisions that improve scientific and healthcare outcomes. It operates under the name of Elsevier and generated revenues in the year to 31 December 2015 of £2 billion.
ScienceDirect, an online database of primary research, contains 13 million documents.
Scopus is a bibliographic database containing abstracts and citations for academic journal articles. It contains more than 50 million items in more 20,000 titles from 5,000 publishers worldwide.
Mendeley is a desktop and web program for managing and sharing research papers, discovering research data and collaborating online.
Elsevier is the world's largest publisher of academic articles with 16 per cent market share, according to the Financial Times. It publishes 400,000 articles a year in about 2,500 journals. Its best-known titles are The Lancet and Cell. In 1995, Forbes Magazine (wrongly) predicted Elsevier would be "the first victim of the internet" as it was disrupted and disintermediated by the world wide web.
Risk & Business Analytics
The business claims to have saved the state of Florida more than $60 million a year by preventing benefit fraud. Leading brands include Flightglobal, Farmers Weekly and New Scientist. In 2015, Forbes Magazine voted LexisNexis, a RELX Group company, one of the top 10 employers in the US Technology Sector.
RELX Group's legal business operates under the LexisNexis brand. Many of LexisNexis' brands date back to the nineteenth century or earlier. These include Butterworths and Tolley in the UK and JurisClasseur in France.
RELX Group’s exhibitions business is called Reed Exhibitions. It is the world’s largest exhibitions company, running 500 shows for 140,000 exhibitors and 7m visitors..
In January 2013, shortly after the Sandy Hook Elementary School Shooting when 20 children and six adult staff members were killed, Reed Exhibitions caused an uproar at the Eastern Sports and Outdoor Show when it decided to not allow assault weapons and high-capacity magazines at the show, also known as AR-15s. This decision caused a huge backlash and subsequent boycott that eventually shut the show down for that year. Also the National Shooting Sports Foundation (NSSF) terminated their management of the SHOT show held in Las Vegas every year.
- Erik Engstrom, chief executive
- Nick Luff, chief financial officer
- Anthony Habgood, chairman
- Wolfhart Hauser, non-executive
- Adrian Hennah, non-executive
- Lisa Hook, non-executive
- Robert Polet, non-executive
- Linda Sanford, non-executive
- Ben van der Veer, non-executive
- Marike van Lier Lels, non-executive
|Adjusted operating profit (£m)||1,142||1,081||1,137||1,379||1,570||1,555||1,626||1,713||1,749||1,739||1,822|
|Adjusted EPS (p)||31.5 p||33.6 p||35.9 p||44.6 p||45.9 p||43.4 p||46.7 p||50.1 p||54.0 p||56.3 p||60.5p|
|Adjusted EPS (€)||€ 0.70||€ 0.76||€ 0.80||€ 0.87||€ 0.79||€ 0.78||€ 0.83||€ 0.95||€ 0.99||€ 1.07||€0.835|
Corporate Social Responsibility
LexisNexis Legal & Professional has worked with the Atlantic Council to launch the first draft of the Global Rule of Law Business Principles which will help businesses, law firms and NGOs promote and uphold the rule of law.
LexisNexis Legal & Professional has worked with the International Bar Association to launch an application called eyeWitness to Atrocities. The app is designed to capture GPS coordinates, date and time stamps, sensory and movement data, and the location of nearby objects such as Wi-Fi networks. The technology also creates a secure chain of custody to help verify that the images and video has not been edited or digitally manipulated. The goal is to create content that can be used in a court of law to prosecute perpetrators of atrocities and human rights abuses.
LexisNexis Risk Solutions continues to operate the ADAM (Automated Delivery of Alerts on Missing Children) programme in the US, developed by employees. The programme assists in the recovery of missing children through its system of targeted alerts. LexisNexis Risk Solutions has also launched Social Media Monitor to help law enforcement officials investigate serious crimes such as drug dealing and human trafficking.
In 2016 Elsevier's not-for-profit Elsevier Foundation committed $1m a year, for 3 years, to programmes encouraging diversity in science, technology and medicine and promoting science research in developing countries.
Reed Elsevier has been criticised for the high prices of its journals and services, especially those published by Elsevier. It has also supported SOPA, PIPA and the Research Works Act, although it no longer supports the last. Because of this, members of the scientific community have boycotted Elsevier journals. In January 2012, the boycott gained an online pledge and petition (The Cost of Knowledge) initiated by mathematician and Fields medalist Sir Timothy Gowers. The movement has received support from noted science bloggers, such as biologist Jonathan Eisen. Between 2012 and November 2015, about 15,391 scientists signed The Cost of Knowledge boycott. In 2014, Elsevier received article submissions from 1.8m authors.
Reed Elsevier collected, used, and sold data on millions of consumers. It has settled a Federal Trade Commission action taken against it, for failure to provide reasonable security for a database containing names, current and prior addresses, dates of birth, drivers license numbers and Social Security numbers, amongst other data. This information was obtained from credit reporting agencies and other sources, and made available to purchasers through a password-secured website which permitted easy-to-guess passwords, allowing identity thieves to steal records on over quarter of a million people. This breach occurred in 2008 through a recently purchased subsidiary, Seisint.
Between 2005 and 2007, members of the medical and scientific communities, which purchase and use many journals published by Reed Elsevier, agitated for the company to cut its links to the arms trade. Two UK academics, Dr Tom Stafford of Sheffield University and Dr Nick Gill, launched petitions calling on Reed Elsevier to stop organising arms fairs. A subsidiary, Spearhead, organised defence shows, including an event where it was reported that cluster bombs and extremely powerful riot control equipment were offered for sale.
In February 2007, Richard Smith, former editor of the British Medical Journal, published an editorial in the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, arguing that Reed Elsevier's involvement in both the arms trade and medical publishing constituted a conflict of interest.
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- Brian Stelter, "Even Media About the Media Are For Sale, New York Times, 31 July 2009.
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- "Jay Penske Buys Variety Magazine From Reed Elsevier". Advertising Age. 9 October 2012. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
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- "Elsevier unveils Jisc collaboration | Research Information". Researchinformation.info. Retrieved 2016-11-08.
- "RELX move into risk helps deliver record revenues". Financial Times. Retrieved 7 April 2016.
- Kate Santich. "Florida welfare fraud: Florida welfare fraud cost taxpayers $1 billion in 2012". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved 23 September 2015.
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- Exhibition World. "Reed courts controversy with assault weapon ban at US expo". ExhibitionWorld.
- Paul Bedard (27 January 2014). "NRA brings back nation's largest outdoor show killed by AR-15 gun ban". Washington Examiner.
- "NSSF Statement on Management of the SHOT Show". National Shooting Sports Foundation. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- "Reed Sells Defence Shows". Army Technology. 29 May 2008. Retrieved 22 January 2016.
- Jonathan Guthrie (28 February 2013). "EU left strikes a blow for top bankers". Financial Times. Retrieved 23 September 2015.
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- "EyeWitness app lets smartphones report war crimes". BBC News. Retrieved 23 September 2015.
- "Four Recently Recovered Missing Children Make 99 recoveries for ChoicePoint(R)'s ADAM Program". Wistv. 29 January 2015. Retrieved 23 September 2015.
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- "Elsevier Foundation commits $1m to diversity in science". The Bookseller. 2 February 2016. Retrieved 4 February 2016.
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- "A Review of the Data Broker Industry: Collection, Use, and Sale of Consumer Data for Marketing Purposes". US Senate. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
- "Agency Announces Settlement of Separate Actions Against Retailer TJX, and Data Brokers Reed Elsevier and Seisint for Failing to Provide Adequate Security for Consumers Data". Federal Trade Commission. 27 March 2008. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
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- Shah, Saeed (14 September 2005). "Cluster bombs on offer at arms fair despite sales ban". The Independent. UK. Retrieved 21 February 2007.
- Norton-Taylor, Richard (16 September 2005). "Banned stun guns and leg irons advertised at arms fair". The Guardian. UK. Retrieved 21 February 2007.
- Smith, Richard (20 February 2007). "Lancet publishers condemned over promotion of arms". Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. Retrieved 18 March 2007.
- "Reed Elsevier says to exit defence industry shows". Reuters. 1 June 2007. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
- Guardian Unlimited, Bad Science by Ben Goldacre about Open Access and DSEI arms trade
- ketupa.net media profile: Reed Elsevier historical overview
- Double Dutch No Longer in-depth article about the company from 2002 (Forbes.com)
- Duncan Palmer Becomes Reed Elsevier CFO Online article about the new CFO of Reed Elsevier, Accessed 09/17/2012
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