Tokushima Domain

Statue of Hachisuka Iemasa, Tokushima

The Tokushima Domain (徳島藩 Tokushima-han) was a Japanese domain of the Edo period. It was associated with Awa Province in modern-day Tokushima Prefecture on the island of Shikoku; and it was associated with Awaji Province in modern-day Hyōgo Prefecture.

In the han system, Tokushima was a political and economic abstraction based on periodic cadastral surveys and projected agricultural yields.[1] In other words, the domain was defined in terms of kokudaka, not land area.[2] This was different from the feudalism of the West.


Ruled by the Hachisuka family, it was rated at an income of 256,000 koku. Uncharacteristically for most domains of the Edo period, the Hachisuka were in control of Tokushima before the start of the period and remained in possession of it through the period's end.

In the early Meiji era, there was a major source of conflict within the domain, as the retainers of Inada Kurobei, Lord Hachisuka's senior councilor and warden of Sumoto Castle, demanded independence for their lord and his establishment as a daimyo. With Inada's income already over 10,000 koku, this was technically possible; however, it was refused, and met with violent opposition from Tokushima. After the "revolt" was put down, the entire Inada clan and its retainers were exiled to the far northern tip of Hokkaido. Their experiences are fictionalized in the recent film Kita no Zeronen ("Year One in the North").

List of daimyo

The hereditary daimyo were head of the clan and head of the domain. At Tokushima, the Tokugawa shoguns granted 2258,000 koku to the Hachisuka clan from the early 1600s to 1868.[3]

  1. Yoshishige
  2. Tadateru
  3. Mitsutaka
  4. Tsunamichi
  5. Tsunanori
  6. Munekazu
  7. Muneteru
  8. Muneshige
  9. Yoshihiro
  10. Shigeyoshi
  11. Haruaki
  12. Narimasa
  13. Narihiro
  14. Mochiaki

Genealogy (simplified)

  • I. Yoshishige, 1st Lord of Tokushima (cr. 1601) (1586-1620; r. 1601-1620)
    • II. Tadateru, 2nd Lord of Tokushima (1611-1652; r. 1620-1652)
      • III. Mitsutaka, 3rd Lord of Tokushima (1630-1666; r. 1652-1666)
        • IV. Tsunamichi, 4th Lord of Tokushima (1656-1678; r. 1666-1678)
      • Takamori (1642-1695)
        • V. Tsunanori, 5th Lord of Tokushima (1661-1730; r. 1678-1728)
          • VI. Munekazu, 6th Lord of Tokushima (1709-1735; r. 1728-1735)
          • Yoshitake (1692-1725)
            • A daughter (d. 1742), m. VIII. Muneshige, 8th Lord of Tokushima (see below)
      • Takamasa (1643-1698)
        • VII. Muneteru, 7th Lord of Tokushima (1684-1743; r. 1735-1739)

The family became extinct with the death of the 7th lord in 1743; he adopted a son from the Matsudaira-Tokugawa family to continue the line:

  • TOKUGAWA IEYASU, 1st Tokugawa Shogun (1543-1616)
    • Tokugawa Yorinobu, 1st Lord of Kishu (1602-1671)
      • Tokugawa Mitsusada, 2nd Lord of Kishu (1627-1705)
        • Tokugawa Yoshimune, 8th Tokugawa Shogun (1684-1751)
          • Tokugawa Munetada, 1st Hitotsubashi-Tokugawa family head (1721-1765)
            • Tokugawa Harusada, 2nd Hitotsubashi-Tokugawa family head (1751-1827)
              • Tokugawa Ienari, 11th Tokugawa Shogun (1773-1841)
                • XIII. Hachisuka (Tokugawa) Narihiro, 13th Lord of Tokushima (1821-1868; r. 1843-1868)
                  • XIV. Mochiaki, 14th Lord of Tokushima, 1st Marquess (1846-1918; Lord: 1868; Governor of Tokushima: 1869-1871; family head: 1869-1918; Marquess: 1884)
                    • Masaaki, 2nd Marquess (1871-1932; 2nd Marquess and family head: 1918-1932)
                      • Masauji, 3rd Marquess (1903-1953; 3rd Marquess and family head: 1932-1947; family head: 1932-1953)
                        • Masako (b. 1941; family head 1953-present)
    • Tokugawa Yorifusa, 1st Lord of Mito (1603-1661)
      • Matsudaira Yorishige, 1st Lord of Takamatsu (1622-1695)
        • Matsudaira Yoriyoshi (1667-1706)
          • Matsudaira Yorihiro, Head of the Matsudaira-Daizen line (1700-1737)
            • VIII. (Matsudaira) Hachisuka Muneshige, 8th Lord of Tokushima (1721-1780; r. 1739-1754). Adopted by the 7th Lord.
            • IX. (Matsudaira) Hachisuka Yoshihiro, 9th Lord of Tokushima (1737-1754; r. 1754). He adopted the 10th Lord:
            • X. (Satake) Hachisuka Shigeyoshi, 10th Lord of Tokushima (1738-1801; r. 1754-1769). Son of Satake Yoshimichi, 2nd Lord of Iwasaki. He had a son:
              • XI. Haruaki, 11th Lord of Tokushima (1758-1814; r. 1769-1813)
                • XII. Narimasa, 12th Lord of Tokushima (1795-1859; r. 1813-1843)


See also


Map of Japan, 1789 -- the Han system affected cartography
  1. Mass, Jeffrey P. and William B. Hauser. (1987). The Bakufu in Japanese History, p. 150.
  2. Elison, George and Bardwell L. Smith (1987). Warlords, Artists, & Commoners: Japan in the Sixteenth Century, p. 18.
  3. Papinot, Jacques Edmond Joseph. (1906). Dictionnaire d’histoire et de géographie du Japon; Papinot, (2003). "Hachisuka" at Nobiliare du Japon, p. 7; retrieved 2013-4-4.
  4. Genealogy (jp)

External links

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