Vaikuntha (the Place of not Hindrance), Paramapadam, Vishnupada (Vishnu's feet), or Param Padam (the Supreme Abode) is the celestial home of Vishnu. In most of the extant Puranas, and Vaishnava traditions, Vaikuntha is located in the direction of the Makara Rashi, which coincides with the Capricorn constellation. Vishnu's eye is supposed to be located at the South Celestial Pole as well.
- Bane, Theresa (2014). McFarland, ed. Encyclopedia of Imaginary and Mythical Places. p. 147. ISBN 9781476615653.
Param Padam ("Supreme Abode"), Paramapadam, Vishnupada ("Vishnu's Feet). The adobe of the god Vishnu of Hindu mythology, Vaikuntha ("Place of not Hindrance"), is located on Mount MERU; it has buildings made of precious gems, streets paved with gold, and was blessed by the celestial Ganga.
- Maehle, Gregor (2012). Ashtanga Yoga The Intermediate Series: Mythology, Anatomy, and Practice. New World Library. p. 207. ISBN 9781577319870.
Vaikuntha (Vishnu's celestial home)
- Dictionary of Hindu Lore and Legend (ISBN 0-500-51088-1) by Anna Dallapiccola
- On the Symbolism of Three- and Four-Faced Vishnu Images: A Reconsideration of Evidence. by Adalbert J. Gail, In: Artibus Asiae, Vol. 44, No. 4. (1983), pp. 297–307. p. 298-99