|Minister of the Economy|
Assumed office |
10 December 2015
|Preceded by||Axel Kicillof|
|President of the Central Bank|
11 December 2002 – 24 September 2004
|Preceded by||Aldo Pignanelli|
|Succeeded by||Martín Redrado|
24 November 1965|
Buenos Aires, Argentina
|Political party||Civic Coalition ARI|
Pontifical Catholic University of Argentina|
University of Pennsylvania
Alfonso Prat-Gay (born November 24, 1965) is an Argentine economist and politician. Following the election of Mauricio Macri to the presidency on November 22, 2015, he became the Minister of the Economy of Argentina. He was also President of the Central Bank of Argentina from December 2002 to September 2004, and was elected Congressman for the Civic Coalition in the 2009 elections.
His work earned him Euromoney's Central Bank Governor of the Year award. A decade later, as Minister of the Economy of Mauricio Macri, he lifted 4-year-old government controls on the Argentine currency ("the clamp"), a mere 4 days after taking office.
In December 2002, Prat-Gay was named President of the Central Bank of Argentina, at only 37 years of age, and served until September 24, 2004. He won the 2004 Euromoney Central Bank Governor of the Year award for his work for having reduced the inflation from 40% to 5% while maintaining an economic growth of 8%. He completed his term and rejected President Néstor Kirchner's offer to renew his position for another six-year term, due to disagreements with the president on the independence of the Central Bank, anti-inflationary policies, and on negotiations on defaulted bonds.
Prat-Gay led the Civic Coalition's party list for the city of Buenos Aires in the 2009 congressional elections, and was handily elected. As a Congressman, he worked on projects such as increasing banking security, preventing money laundering and drug trafficking, and an extensive deregulation of the Argentine financial system. He was a main voice of the opposition in Congress on economic issues. He was named head of the Civic Coalition caucus in the Lower House following Elisa Carrió's poor showing in the 2011 presidential election.
Prat-Gay co-founded the Juntos UNEN ('Together They Unite') alliance with centrist UCR Congressional caucus leader Ricardo Gil Lavedra, and Victoria Donda of the leftist Freemen of the South Movement in January 2013. He declared his candidacy in July for a seat in the Argentine Senate ahead of the 2013 mid-term elections.
Prat-Gay was born in Buenos Aires in 1965, the son of Jorge Prat-Gay, a director of the Central Bank of Argentina under the dictatorship of Jorge Videla. He earned a degree in economics from the Universidad Católica Argentina in 1989, and obtained his master's degree in 1994 at the University of Pennsylvania, where he was a PhD candidate.
Prat-Gay is Chairman of Tilton Capital, an asset management company he co-founded in 2005 with Pedro Lacoste. He is president of Fundación Andares para el desarrollo de las Microfinanzas ("Andares Foundation for the Development of Microfinances"). His clients at Tilton Capital included the late María Amalia Lacroze de Fortabat, former chairperson of Argentina's largest concrete manufacturer, Loma Negra. Prat-Gay's work for Mrs. Fortabat came under scrutiny after revelations that Tilton Capital facilitated tax evasion and capital flight for Fortabat and other clients, including the entirety of Mrs. Fortabat's billion-dollar payout for her sale of Loma Negra in 2005. The vice president of JP Morgan Argentina at the time, Hernán Arbizu, declared that Prat-Gay managed much of this wealth in an offshore hedge fund of his creation with put options against the Argentine peso. He was appointed executor of the Lacroze de Fortabat estate following Mrs. Fortabat's death in 2012.
- "Finance chief Prat-Gay asked to rework his magic".
- "Prat-Gay, banquero del año".
- "Argentina lifts controls on the peso".
- "Argentina names new bank chief". BBC News. 10 December 2002.
- "Central Bank Governor of the Year 2004: Argentina ditches its respected central bank governor on eve of crucial bond exchange". Euromoney. September 2004.
- Javier Blanco (September 18, 2004). "Desplazan a Prat-Gay del BCRA y lo sucede Redrado" [Prat-Gay is removed from the BCRA, replaced by Redrado] (in Spanish). La Nación. Retrieved November 30, 2015.
- "Alfonso de Prat-Gay: "La teoría del derrame no funcionó ni en los 90 ni ahora"". La Nación. 22 April 2007.
- Prat-Gay encabezará la lista de la CC en Capital, Página/12, 26 March 2009.
- "Prat Gay, Gil Lavedra, Donda y Tumini lanzaron su lista porteña". Clarín. July 2, 2013.
- "Los oscuros negocios de Prat-Gay con el millonario patrimonio de Amalita". Tiempo Argentino. April 14, 2012.
- IADB: Alfonso Prat-Gay
- "Arbizu denunció negocios de Prat Gay con Fortabat". InfoNews. July 12, 2013.
|President of the Central Bank
| Succeeded by|
|Minister of the Economy