Clinton's Downtown Historic District is listed on the National Register of Historic Places
|Nickname(s): Little Italy Festival Town|
Vermillion County's location in Indiana
Clinton's location in Vermillion County
|Coordinates: 39°39′36″N 87°24′21″W / 39.66000°N 87.40583°WCoordinates: 39°39′36″N 87°24′21″W / 39.66000°N 87.40583°W|
|• Mayor||Jack Gilfoy (D)|
|• Total||2.26 sq mi (5.85 km2)|
|• Land||2.24 sq mi (5.80 km2)|
|• Water||0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)|
|Elevation||492 ft (150 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||4,826|
|• Density||2,184.4/sq mi (843.4/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||432671|
The city was established in 1829 and is named after DeWitt Clinton, who served as governor of New York from 1817 to 1823. Many of Clinton's original settlers were immigrants working in coal mines. Most of the immigrants were Italians trying to earn a living coal mining. According to Vermillion County naturalization records, "...from 1856 to 1952... Vermillion County received almost 3,550 new citizens of foreign birth, the largest number coming during the first twelve years of [the 20th] century. Italians accounted for one-third, or 1,178, of the total number who filed Declarations, with Austrians the next largest group (675) and then Scots. At least 77 percent of the Italians were from the northern regions of Italy." This was in contrast to the majority of Italian immigrants to America during this same time period that hailed from southern Italy. Over time, the coal mining industry in Clinton died down but many of the Italian settlers stayed at Clinton.
Clinton is located in the southern part of the county along the Wabash River, near the intersection of State Road 63 (which passes just west of the city) and State Road 163 (which passes through the city). U.S. Route 41 lies just to the east of the city, across the river in neighboring Parke County. The smaller town of Fairview Park is adjacent to Clinton on the north side of the city.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Clinton has a total area of 2.259 square miles (5.85 km2), of which 2.24 square miles (5.80 km2) (or 99.16%) is land and 0.019 square miles (0.05 km2) (or 0.84%) is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 4,893 people, 1,988 households, and 1,232 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,184.4 inhabitants per square mile (843.4/km2). There were 2,332 housing units at an average density of 1,041.1 per square mile (402.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.5% White, 0.2% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.0% of the population.
There were 1,988 households of which 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.8% were married couples living together, 15.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.0% were non-families. 33.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.96.
The median age in the city was 38.8 years. 24.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.4% were from 25 to 44; 24.2% were from 45 to 64; and 17.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.5% male and 52.5% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 5,126 people, 2,124 households, and 1,319 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,284.5 people per square mile (883.6/km²). There were 2,379 housing units at an average density of 1,060.3 per square mile (410.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.15% White, 0.35% African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 0.16% from other races, and 0.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.68% of the population.
There were 2,124 households out of which 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.0% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.9% were non-families. 33.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the city, the population was spread out with 22.9% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 26.3% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 21.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 83.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $29,330, and the median income for a family was $36,692. Males had a median income of $28,294 versus $22,927 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,601. About 7.4% of families and 12.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.3% of those under age 18 and 20.0% of those age 65 or over.
Situated along the Wabash River and between Interstate 70 and Interstate 74, Clinton offers a wide variety of resources and transportation options for companies looking for new locations. Two-thirds of the U.S. population can be reached within a one-day drive from Clinton.
The two largest and most visible companies in Clinton are Elanco, a subsidiary of Eli Lilly and Company, who produces animal health and food safety drugs, and White Construction Inc., a subsidiary of Infrastructure & Energy Alternatives (IEA) specializing in building energy infrastructure throughout North America. Both parent companies are headquartered in Indianapolis, Indiana. Other local employers include Duke Energy, MSI Construction INC, International Paper and National Gypsum Company which are located to the north of the city. The launch of the Vermillion Rise Mega Park is creating new opportunities for business expansion at the former site of the Newport Chemical Depot.
The city is served by Union Hospital - Clinton.
Law and government
Clinton city government consists of a mayor and a city council.
The current mayor is Jack Gilfoy Jr.
Billy J. MacLaren is the current Chief of Police.
The fire department is a combination career/volunteer organization. Its current chief is Chris Strohm.
Clinton, Indiana has three primary elementary schools, one middle school and one high school. The three elementary schools are Central Elementary School, Van Duyn Elementary School and Ernie Pyle Elementary School. Glendale Elementary and Matthew's South Elementary schools, which were both located in Clinton City limits, consolidated with Central Elementary in the mid 1980s. Clinton's residents could fit into one main elementary school, but because of all the rural area around Clinton it makes more sense to group all the students into three smaller schools. The middle school and high school are neighboring each other. The middle being South Vermillion Middle School, and the high being South Vermilion. The high school was formerly known as Clinton High School before the current school was constructed in 1977. However, the mascot has remained the same, the Wildcat.
Post-secondary education is served through Indiana State University, Saint Mary-of-the-Woods College, Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology and Ivy Tech Community College of Indiana in nearby Terre Haute.
Clinton hosts the annual Little Italy Festival, a four-day Labor Day Weekend celebration of the area’s Italian and coal mining heritage. Founded in 1966, the event draws over 75,000 visitors annually, featuring Italian and carnival-style food, grapevine-roofed wine garden, grape stomping, tours and more. The festival also provides free stage entertainment, flea market and the largest Italian-theme parade in the Midwest. The festival is also host to the Indiana Bocce Ball championship, boasts one of the few coal mining museums in the nation, and owns one of fewer than 400 genuine gondolas in the United States. The 2016 Queen of Grapes for the Little Italy Festival is Madison Michalic. The Re and Regina for 2016 are Mr. & Mrs. Ernie & Adele Fossi.
- Lawrence J. Giacoletto, known for his work in the field of semiconductor circuit technology.
- Margaret Gisolo, baseball pioneer, attended high school in Clinton.
- Charles Edward Jones, astronaut killed in the September 11 attacks.
- Ken Kercheval, actor, best known for his role on the television series Dallas.
- Serial killer Orville Lynn Majors was a licensed practical nurse at the Vermillion County Hospital, now known as Union Hospital, in Spencer, and was convicted in October 1999 of six counts of first-degree murder. Although convicted of killing six, the exact number is unknown and may be as high as 130. He was sentenced to 360 years in prison.
- Claude Matthews, former Governor of Indiana.
- Sister Esther Newport, painter, art educator and founder of the Catholic Art Association.
- Carrie Parker, the first African-American to graduate from any Vermillion County school and most likely in 1897 the first to attend Indiana University.
- Danny Polo, musician proclaimed by Benny Goodman as "the world's greatest clarinet player."
- Sirens, known for progressive metal/electronic music (Logan Pollaro, Joey Fenoglio, Zakk Huff)
- Bobby Sturgeon, baseball player of 1940s.
- Henry D. Washburn (also known as Henry Dana Washburn), Civil War general, U.S. Congressman, explorer, as surveyor-general of the Montana Territory he led first government survey of Yellowstone Park.
- "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-28.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved 2016-07-15.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-06-17. Retrieved 2013-06-25.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Clinton, Indiana". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2016-07-15.
- Baker, Ronald L.; Marvin Carmony (1975). Indiana Place Names. Indiana University Press. p. 31. ISBN 0-253-14167-2.
- Vermillion County, Indiana History and Families, Volume 1
- "Vermillion County". Jim Forte Postal History. Archived from the original on October 1, 2015. Retrieved July 15, 2016.
- Bowen 1913, p. 379.
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- Orville Lynn Majors v. State (Indiana) (Supreme Court of Indiana 14 August 2002). Text
- Flowers, Ronald B.; Flowers, H.L. (2001). Murders in the United States: Crimes, Killers and Victims of the Twentieth Century. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Company. p. 100.
- Dedman, Bill (18 October 1999). "Nurse Guilty Of Killing Six Of His Patients". The New York Times. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
- Creps, Marcela (16 August 2015). "Forgotten Pioneer: Archivist tracks down family of student who was likely the first black woman to attend IU". The Herald-Times. 15 (33). Bloomington, Indiana. pp. A1, A6. Retrieved 16 August 2015.
An 1897 newspaper article recounted the obstacles that Parker had to overcome to graduate from high school. A student at Clinton High School in Clinton, she was the first black person to graduate from any Vermillion County school. 'Cliinton like other towns, is permeated with race, prejudice, and, while a majority of the people wanted to see Miss Parker receive fair play, yet there were many very deeply prejudiced, and their children lost no opportunity in heaping insult and humiliation upon the object of their wrath,' the newspaper article stated.
- History of Parke and Vermillion Counties Indiana. Indianapolis: B. F. Bowen and Company. 1913. pp. 376–385. Retrieved 2010-12-10.
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