Gideon Granger

Gideon Granger
4th United States Postmaster General
In office
November 28, 1801  March 17, 1814
President Thomas Jefferson
James Madison
Preceded by Joseph Habersham
Succeeded by Return J. Meigs, Jr.
Personal details
Born (1767-07-19)July 19, 1767
Suffield, Connecticut, U.S.
Died December 31, 1822(1822-12-31) (aged 55)
Canandaigua, New York, U.S.[1]
Political party Democratic-Republican
Spouse(s) Mindwell P. Granger
Alma mater Yale University
Profession Politician, Lawyer

Gideon Granger (July 19, 1767 December 31, 1822) was an early American politician and lawyer. He was the father of Francis Granger.

Life and career

Born in Suffield, Connecticut, Granger attended and graduated from Yale University and became a lawyer. He was considered a brilliant political essayist. Using the pseudonyms Algernon Sydney and Epaminondas many of his writings, defending Jeffersonian principles, were published in many pamphlets.

He was a member of the Connecticut House of Representatives and ran unsuccessfully for the United States Congress in 1798. A staunch supporter of Thomas Jefferson's, Granger was appointed as Postmaster General at the start of his term in 1801. He served in this post until 1814 when Jefferson's successor, James Madison, replaced him. He is the longest serving Postmaster General as of 2015.

After leaving Washington, D.C., Granger settled in Canandaigua, New York, where he built a homestead that would be "unrivaled in all the nation" from which he could administer the many land tracts he had acquired further to the west. Today his home is a museum. He became a member of the New York Senate and continued to be influential in politics and law including being a key figure in the Erie Canal project.

Ill health forced him to retire early in 1821 and he died the next year on December 31, 1822. He was interred in Woodlawn Cemetery in Canandaigua. Granger is the namesake of Granger Township, Ohio.[2]


Political offices
Preceded by
Joseph Habersham
United States Postmaster General
Served under: Thomas Jefferson, James Madison

November 28, 1801 March 17, 1814
Succeeded by
Return J. Meigs, Jr.
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