View of Muroran Station area and Mount Sokuryo
Location of Muroran in Hokkaido (Iburi Subprefecture)
Location in Japan
|Coordinates: 42°19′N 140°58′E / 42.317°N 140.967°ECoordinates: 42°19′N 140°58′E / 42.317°N 140.967°E|
|Prefecture||Hokkaido (Iburi Subprefecture)|
|• Mayor||Takeshi Aoyama (since May 2011)|
|• Total||80.65 km2 (31.14 sq mi)|
|Population (February 29, 2012)|
|• Density||1,162.01/km2 (3,009.6/sq mi)|
|• Tree||Japanese rowan|
|• Bird||Coal tit|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|City hall address||
1-2 Saiwaichō, Muroran-shi, Hokkaidō|
As of February 29, 2012, the city has an estimated population of 93,716, with 47,868 households and a population density of 1,162.01 people per km2 (3,009.59 people per sq. mi.). The total area is 80.65 km2 (31.14 sq mi).
The origin of Muroran's name is derived from the Ainu word "Mo Ruerani" that means "the bottom of a little slope". The little slope, in front of the former Senkai Temple in Sakimori-cho, is noted in connection with the name of Muroran.
In 1892, the Port of Muroran was opened for the wooden bridge construction at Kaigan (former Tokikaramoi); at the same time, the main road began construction from Hakodate to Sapporo as the first step of Hokkaido Colonization Plan.
With the opening of a ship route from Muroran to Mori and railroad extension to Iwamizawa, Muroran's municipality was started on August 1, 1922 as the core of the major land and sea traffic in the pioneer era of Hokkaido. Since then, Muroran has been developing as an important transportation hub and a center of the steel industry. This unfortunately earned the town's industrial plants a bombardment by some of the newest American battleships in July 1945, in the closing days of World War II.
Muroran features an oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb), a climate type that is very rare in Japan. Despite it being located on Hokkaido, Muroran typically does not see the very cold winters that the majority of the island is known for, yet it does experience some snowfall in the course of the year, averaging roughly 210 cm (83 in) of snow per season. Summers in Muroran are mild by Japanese standards, not nearly as hot as summers in other Japanese cities. Average high temperatures in August, the city’s warmest month, is around 24 C.
|Climate data for Muroran (1981–2010)|
|Average high °C (°F)|| 0.3
|Average low °C (°F)|| −4.2
|Average precipitation mm (inches)|| 54.9
|Average snowfall cm (inches)|| 65
|Average snowy days||28.7||24.9||20.2||4.8||0.1||0||0||0||0||0.7||11.0||24.1||114.5|
|Average relative humidity (%)||70||71||72||75||79||87||90||88||81||72||69||69||76.9|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||89.7||121.9||181.6||194.2||194.1||156.5||128.0||143.0||167.8||170.2||105.0||74.4||1,726.4|
|Source: Japan Meteorological Agency|
- Hakucho Bridge spans the Port of Muroran and is the largest suspension bridge in eastern Japan.
- Mount Wshibetsu
- Itanki Beach
Muroran holds eight specific scenic sights called Muroran-Hakkei (室蘭八景). The most famous of them is the Earth Cape (地球岬 chikyū misaki).
- A view of Muroran
- Chikyu Misaki
- Chikyu Misaki in winter
There are five JR Hokkaido stations in Muroran, starting from Higashi Muroran and ending in downtown Muroran, which can be used to access both Hakodate to the South West, and Sapporo to the North East.
- Muroran Main Line : Sakimori - Moto-Wanishi - Higashi-Muroran
- Muroran Branch Line : Higashi-Muroran - Wanishi - Misaki - Bokoi - Muroran
Japan Steel Works has its global headquarters in Muroran.
- Hokkaido Muroran Sakae High School
- Hokkaido Muroran Shimizugaoka High School
- Hokkaido Muroran Tosho High School
- Hokkaido Muroran Technical High School
- Hokkaido Ootani Muroran High School
- Kaisei Gakuin High School
- Natsumi Abe - idol, singer, actress. Hello! Project soloist. former Morning Musume member.
- Asami Abe - singer, actress. Younger sister of Natsumi Abe.
- Kaori Iida - singer. Hello! Project soloist. former Morning Musume member.
Twin towns – Sister cities
- US Department of State. (1906). A digest of international law as embodied in diplomatic discussions, treaties and other international agreements (John Bassett Moore, ed.), Vol. 5, p. 759.
- Karan, Pradyumna (2010). Japan in the 21st Century. University Press of Kentucky. p. 327. ISBN 9780813127637.
- "City Directory". Sister Cities International. Retrieved 25 March 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Muroran, Hokkaido.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Muroran.|