Elections in Albania

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of

Albania holds elections on a national level for a legislature. The Assembly of Albania (Kuvendi i Shqipërisë) has 140 members elected for four-year terms. The electoral system is closed list proportional representation. There are 12 multi-member constituencies corresponding to the country's 12 administrative regions. Within any constituency, parties must meet a threshold of 3 percent of votes, and pre-election coalitions must meet a threshold of 5 percent of votes.[1][2]

This electoral system replaced a mixed-member system in November 2008.[3] Under the old system, 100 members were elected directly in single member constituencies with approximately equal numbers of voters. 40 were elected from multi-name lists of parties or party coalitions according to their ranking. The total number of deputies of a party or a party coalition was to be, to the closest possible extent, proportional to the valid votes won by that party or coalition on the national scale in the first round of elections. Parties that received less than 2.5% and coalitions that received less than 4% of the valid votes on the national scale in the first round of elections did not benefit from the respective multi-name list.

The change was criticised by the smaller parties, but supported by the two main parties. It was considered an important step towards Albania's European integration. Other changes included limiting the prosecutor general's term to five years, forcing an early election in case of a no-confidence vote and reducing the majority required to elect the president from three-fifths to half the MPs.[4]

The president is elected by parliament.

Albania has a multi-party system, with two or three strong parties and several other parties that are electorally successful.

Latest election

Alliance Party Votes % Seats +/–
for a
Socialist Party713,40741.36650
Socialist Movement for Integration180,47010.4616+12
Unity for Human Rights Party14,7220,8510
Social Democracy Party of Albania11,8910.6900
Social Democratic Party of Albania10,2200.5900
People's Alliance8,9270.520New
Christian Democratic Party7,9930,461New
Real Socialist Party 916,1350.3600
Democratic Party for Integration and Prosperity4,5500.260New
National Arbëreshë Alliance3,5750.210New
Moderated Socialist Party3,1190.180New
Law and Justice Party2,4890.1400
Albanian Future Party2,2840.130New
Party for the Defence of the Rights of the Emigrants2,2750.1300
Albanian Social Labour Party2,1740.130New
Green Party2,0840.1200
Albanian Party of Democratic Reforms1,3710.0800
Albanian Communist Party of 8 November1,3520,080New
Party of the Liberal Right Thought1,2100.070New
Democratic Movement for Change1,1590.070New
Albanian Labour Party9550.060New
Albanian Communist Party9010.050New
Path of Freedom Party8080.0500
Alliance for European Equality and Justice7280.040New
Reorganised Albanian Labour Party6220,030New
Albanian Homeland Party5550.030New
Albanian National Reconciliation Party5450.030New
National Unity Party5130.030New
Albanian Movement for Justice5080.030New
Albanian Republican Unon4890.030New
Albanian Affairs Party4760.030New
Party of Disabled People4590.030New
Environmental Party4520.030New
Christian Democratic Alliance4160.020New
Albanian Workers Movement Party3160.020New
New Tolerance Party2870.0200
Alliance for
Democratic Party528,37330.6350–18
Republican Party52,1683.023+2
Party for Justice, Integration and Unity44,9572.614+3
Christian Democratic Party13,2880.7700
Legality and Unity of the Right6,0890.3500
Movement for National Development5,4290.3100
National Front Party4,8680.2800
Party for the Future of the Greek Minority3,3050.190New
Liberal Democratic Union2,6810.1600
Environmentalist Agrarian Party2,6400.1500
Albanian Emigration Party2,3250.130New
New Albania Movement2,3200.130New
Democratic National Front Party2,2420.1300
Democratic Alliance Party1,3840.0800
Macedonian Alliance for European Integration1,2290.0700
Albanian Christian Democratic Movement1,1900.070New
Alliance for Democracy and Solidarity1,0650.0600
New European Democracy Party9700.0600
Time of Albania7700.040New
Party of the Real Albanian Path6350.040New
Conservative Party6330.0400
Albanian Democratic Union Party6060.040New
Party of Denied Rights5540.030New
New Party of Denied Rights5500.0300
Peoples Union of Albanian Retirees Party4060.020New
New Democratic Spirit29,3101.700New
Red and Black Alliance10,1960.590New
League for Justice and Progress1,0680.060New
Christian Democratic People's Party of Albania4160.020New
Invalid/blank votes24,099
Registered voters/turnout3,271,88553.52
Source: CEC, IFES

Past elections

 Summary of the 28 June 2009 Assembly of Albania election results
Coalitions Votes % Seats
Total "Alliance for Changes" (Center - Right) 712745 46.92 70
Total "Unification for Changes" (Center - Left) 688748 45.34 66
Total "Socialist Alliance" (Progressive Left) 84407 5.56 4
Total "Pole of Freedom" (Conservatism) 27655 1.82 0
Law and Justice Party of Albania (Partia Ligj dhe Drejtësi) PLiDr 4865 0.32 0
Independent (Abdullah Adil Omurri) PAVARUR 756 0.05 0
Total (turnout: %) 1519176 100.00 140
Source: CEC
 Summary of the 3 July 2005 Assembly of Albania election results
Parties Votes PR % Seats
Constituencies PR Total
Democratic Party of Albania (Partia Demokratike e Shqipërisë) 104,796 7.67 56 0 56
Socialist Party of Albania (Partia Socialiste e Shqipërisë) 121,412 8.89 42 0 42
ALDM-National Front (Partia Balli Kombëtar Shqiptar) 457,143 33,46 0 18 18
ALDM-Republican Party of Albania (Partia Republikane e Shqipërisë) - 11 11
ALDM-New Democratic Party (Partia Demokrate e Re) - 4 4
ALDM-Christian Democratic Party of Albania (Partia Demokristiane e Shqipërisë) - 2 2
ALDM-Liberal Democratic Union (Bashkimi Liberal Demokrat) - 1 1
ALDM-Democratic National Front Party (Partia Ballik Kombëtar Demokrat) - - -
ALDM-Albanian Democratic Union Party (Partia e Bashkimit Demokrat Shqiptar) - - -
ALDM-Human Rights Liberation Movement (Lëvizja për të Drejtat dhe Liritë e Njeriut) - - -
Social Democratic Party of Albania (Partia Socialdemokrate e Shqipërisë) 174,103 12.74 0 7 7
Socialist Movement for Integration (Lëvizja Socialiste për Intigrim) 114,798 8.40 1 4 5
Environmentalist Agrarian Party (Partia Agrare Ambientaliste) 89,635 6.56 - 4 4
Democratic Alliance Party (Partia Aleanca Demokratike) 65,093 4.76 - 3 3
Social Democracy Party of Albania (Partia Demokracia Sociale e Shqipërisë) 57,998 4.25 - 2 2
Unity for Human Rights Party (Partia Bashkimi për të Drejtat e Njeriut) 56,403 4.13 - 2 2
Non-partisans     1 1
Total 1,366,226 100.0 100 40 140
Source: OSCE The candidates of the Alliance for Freedom, Justice and Welfare (Aliansa për Liri, Drejtësi dhe Mirëqenie;;, Republican Party of Albania and allies) supported the candidates of the PDS in the constituencies, as did some of the informal PS allie with the PS candidates. Given the number of irregularities in the first ballot, re-elections were held in two constituencies in Shkodra and Lushnja on 21 August. These results have been included.

See also


  1. http://www.electionguide.org/country.php?ID=3
  2. "PART XII ALLOCATION OF SEATS". THE ELECTORAL CODE OF THE REPUBLIC OF ALBANIA (English translation by OSCE) (pdf). p. 140. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
  3. http://www.eubusiness.com/news-eu/1227096121.33/
  4. Ex-communist Albania changes voting system in constitutional shake up - International Herald Tribune

External links

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