Georgia National Guard

This article is about the military unit in the US State of Georgia. For the home guard of the country of Georgia, see National Guard of Georgia.
Alabama and Georgia National Guard - Flickr - The National Guard (1)

The Georgia National Guard is the National Guard of the U.S. state of Georgia, and consists of the Georgia Army National Guard and the Georgia Air National Guard. (The Georgia State Defense Force is the third military unit of the Georgia Department of Defense, part of the Government of Georgia.) The Constitution of the United States specifically charges the National Guard with dual federal and state missions. The state functions range from limited actions during non-emergency situations to full scale law enforcement of martial law when local law enforcement officials can no longer maintain civil control.

The National Guard may be called into federal service by the President under either Title 10 or Title 32 status. When National Guard troops are called to federal service, the President serves as Commander-in-Chief. The federal mission assigned to the National Guard is: "To provide properly trained and equipped units for prompt mobilization for war, National emergency or as otherwise needed."[1]

The Governor may call individuals or units of the Georgia National Guard into state service during emergencies or to assist in special situations which lend themselves to use of the National Guard. The state mission assigned to the National Guard is: "To provide trained and disciplined forces for domestic emergencies or as otherwise provided by state law."

As authorized under the Constitution, Congress has the power to regulate National Guard units; hence they are trained and equipped as a part of the United States Army, even when under state command. The same ranks and insignia are used and National Guardsmen are eligible to receive all United States military awards. All Georgia National Guard soldiers are also eligible for a number of state awards for local services rendered in or to the state of Georgia.

Georgia also maintains its own State Defense Force. This force is separate from the National Guard and reports to the Governor of Georgia as Commander-in-Chief. The GSDF services the state exclusively, especially when the National Guard is deployed and unavailable.[2]

The Georgia National Guard has a State Partnership Program relationship with the Military of Georgia.

Army Units

118th Field Artillery’s annual training
48th Georgia Army National Guard Soldier of the Year Competition
A platoon from 3rd Squadron, 108th Cavalry Regiment, in Kosovo
Georgia Guardsmen honored at Purple Heart ceremony

Air Units

Georgia's Adjutant General Lineage

The adjutant general is the senior military officer and de facto commander of the Georgia National Guard. Also known as TAG, they are subordinated to the governor, the chief executive. As of today, there have been 36 adjutants general in Georgia and the position has changed hands 42 times.[3]

Rank Name Appointment Date of Relief
Lt. Col. Augustus C. G. Elholm Dec. 19, 1792 Jan. 15, 1795
Lt. Col. Jonas Fauche Feb. 20, 1796 Nov. 2, 1806
Lt. Col. Daniel Newman Dec. 13, 1796 Nov. 2, 1796
Lt. Col. John C. Easter Nov. 13, 1817 Nov. 11, 1835
Brig. Gen. Daniel Newman Dec. 25, 1837 Dec. 22, 1840
Maj. Gen. Henry C. Wayne Dec. 12, 1860 May 10, 1865
Col. John. B. Baird Oct. 16, 1879 Nov. 5, 1882
Col. Jon S. Stephens Nov. 6, 1882 Dec. 31, 1886
Brig. Gen. John M. Kell Jan. 1, 1887 Oct. 5, 1890
Brig Gen. Phil G. Byrd Oct. 11, 1890 Nov. 11, 1890
Brig. Gen. James W. Robertson Nov. 12, 1890 Nov. 30, 1903
Brig. Gen. Sampson W. Harris Dec. 1, 1903 July 1, 1907
Brig. Gen. Andrew J. Scott July 2, 1907 July 1, 1911
Brig. Gen. William G. Obear Aug. 7, 1911 Dec. 31, 1912
Brig. Gen. J. Van Holt Nash Jan. 1, 1913 Aug. 26, 1917
Maj. Arthur McCollum Dec. 4, 1917 March 1, 1919
Brig. Gen. J. Van Holt Nash March 1, 1919 Oct. 22, 1922
Brig. Gen. Lewis C. Pope Oct. 28, 1922 June 30, 1923
Brig. Gen. Charles M. Cox July 2, 1923 June 27, 1927
Brig. Gen. Homer C. Parker June 28, 1927 June 30, 1932
Brig. Gen. Charles M. Cox July 1, 1932 Jan. 8, 1933
Brig. Gen. Lindley W. Camp Jan. 11, 1933 Jan. 12, 1937
Brig. Gen. John E. Stoddard Jan. 12, 1937 Sept. 30, 1940
Brig. Gen. Marion Williamson Oct. 1, 1940 Jan. 14, 1941
Brig. Gen. Sion B. Hawkins Jan. 14, 1941 Jan. 12, 1943
Brig. Gen. Clark Howell Jan. 12, 1943 Sept. 28, 1944
Brig. Gen. Marvin Griffin Sept. 28, 1944 March 22, 1947
Brig Gen. Alpha A. Fowler, Jr. March 22, 1947 Nov. 16, 1948
Brig. Gen. Ernest Vandiver Nov. 17, 1948 June 20, 1954
Maj. Gen. George J. Hearn June 21, 1954 July 9, 1957
Maj. Gen. Charlie F. Camp July 10, 1957 Jan. 12, 1959
Maj. Gen. George J. Hearn Jan. 13, 1959 Jan. 11, 1971
Maj. Gen. Ernest Vandiver Jan 12, 1971 Nov. 1, 1971
Maj. Gen. Joel B. Paris III Nov. 2, 1971 Jan. 13, 1975
Maj. Gen. Billy M. Jones Jan. 14, 1975 Oct. 31, 1983
Maj. Gen. Joseph W. Griffin Nov. 1, 1983 Jan. 14, 1991
Col. Jerry D. Sanders Jan. 15, 1991 March 15, 1991
Maj. Gen. William P. Bland April 1, 1991 Jan. 31, 1999
Lt. Gen. David B. Poythress July 1, 1999 Oct. 28, 2007
Maj. Gen. William T. Nesbitt Oct. 28, 2007 Sep. 30, 2011
Lt. Gen. James B. Butterworth Sep. 30, 2011 Jan. 8, 2015
Maj. Gen. Joseph Jarrard Jan. 8, 2015 Present


External links

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