Gwangju Sangmu FC
Gwangju Sangmu Football Club|
광주 상무 프로축구단
2003 as Gwangju Sangmu Bulsajo|
1984 as Sangmu FC (Original)
|Ground||Gwangju World Cup Stadium|
|Owner||Korea Armed Forces Athletic Corps|
| Korea Armed Forces |
Gwangju Sangmu FC (Korean: 광주 상무 프로축구단), was a professional football club that participates in the K League Challenge. The club was based in Gwangju, South Korea. Sangmu (상무, 尙武) is the sports division of the Military of South Korea.
K-League officially considers Gwangju Sangmu FC as a defunct club. Sangju Sangmu FC, what is essentially its successor military club, cannot include Gwangju Sangmu FC's records as its own, since they are treated as two distinctive clubs.
Origin – Army FC, Navy FC, Air Force FC era (?-1983)
There were ROK Army FC, ROK Navy FC, ROK Air Force FC until 1983 in Korea. ROK Marine Corps FC became ROK Navy FC in 1973. The 3 military football clubs were consolidated into one, football side of Korea Armed Forces Athletic Corps in January 1984.
Founding and Sangmu Semi-professional FC era (1984–2002)
Sangmu FC was founded on 11 January 1984, as the football side of Korea Armed Forces Athletic Corps. Although Sangmu squad was composed of professional players from K-League club, Sangmu FC competed in the Semi-professional league (present Korea National League). In 1985 Sangmu joined the K-League for the 1985 season, but spent only one year in the league before dropping out.
Sangmu's playing staff is made up of young Korean professional footballers serving their compulsory two-year military duty. Fifteen players join up at the start of every season and spend two years with the side before returning to their previous professional club. Sangmu are not allowed to sign any foreign players because of their military status. The military nature of the club means that the overwhelming majority of the players are in their early 20s, and thus lack the playing experience of the opponents. As a consequence, the club has historically been underachievers in the K-League.
The reserve side, Sangmu B, competed in the K2 League from 2003 to 2005 before joining the K-League reserve league. It finished runners-up in the 2003 K2 League season, and was based in Icheon for the three years it competed at K2 level.
Gwangju Sangmu FC era (2003–2010)
|Season||Division||Tms.||Pos.||FA Cup||AFC CL|
|1996||Semi-professional Era||Round of 16||-|
|1998||Round of 16||-|
|2000||Round of 16||-|
|2001||Round of 16||-|
|2002||Round of 16||-|
|2003||K1||12||10||Round of 16||-|
|2005||K1||13||13||Round of 16||-|
|2006||K1||14||14||Round of 16||-|
|2007||K1||14||14||Round of 16||-|
|2009||K1||15||11||Round of 16||-|
- Tms. = Number of teams
- Pos. = Position in league
- National League Runners-up: 1
- Korean President's Cup National Football Tournament Champions: 1
- Korean National Football Championship Champions: 1
|Kim Young-Bae||1984/01/11||1984/??/??||1984 (Semi-professional)|
|Kim Young-Bae||1985/07/10||1989/12/??|| 1985
|Lee Kang-Jo||1990/??/??||2010/10/27|| 1990–2002 (Semi-professional)
|Season||Teams||P||W||D||L||GF||GA||GD||Pts||Position||Korean FA Cup||League Cup|| Top scorer |
|1985||8||21||6||7||8||23||30||−7||19||6th||None||None||Hong Seok-Min (6)|
|2003||12||44||13||7||24||41||60||−19||46||10th||Round of 16||None||Lee Dong-Gook (11)|
|2004||13||24||6||11||7||18||20||−2||29||8th||Quarter-finals||10th||Park Jung-Hwan (4)|
|2005||13||24||4||5||15||23||38||−15||17||13th||Round of 16||11th||Kim Sang-Rok (5)|
|2006||14||26||5||8||13||17||29||−12||23||14th||Round of 16||11th|| Kang Yong (4) |
Chung Kyung-Ho (4)
|2007||14||26||2||6||18||14||44||−30||12||14th||Round of 16||Group stage||Namgung Do (7)|
|2008||14||26||3||7||16||22||46||−24||16||14th||Quarter-finals||Group stage||Kim Myung-Joong (7)|
|2009||15||28||9||3||16||33||40||−7||30||11th||Round of 16||Group stage||Choi Sung-Kuk (9)|
|2010||15||28||3||10||15||17||43||−26||19||14th||Quarter-finals||Group stage||Choi Sung-Kuk (4)|
|Gwangju Sangmu Reserves|
|Season||Stage||Teams||P||W||D||L||GF||GA||GD||Pts||Position|| Top scorer |
|Sangju Sangmu Phoenix Reserves|
Korea National League
|Season||Stage||Teams||P||W||D||L||GF||GA||GD||Pts||Position||League Cup|| Top scorer |
|2003||First Stage||10||9||4||2||3||15||13||+2||14||4th||None||Lee Gwang-Jae (7)|
|2004||First Stage||10||9||6||1||2||12||9||+3||19||3rd||Group stage|| Kim Man-Joong (3) |
Park Jung-Hwan (3)
|2005||First Stage||11||10||4||3||3||11||8||+3||15||6th||Semi-finals||Oh Jung-Seok (7)|
Gwangju Sangmu Bulsajo
- Official Club Profile at K League Website (Korean)
- 군경기단체 국군체육부대로 통합 팀 명칭 상무, 마스코트는 불사조로 (in Korean). Dong-a Ilbo. 1984-01-11.
- 육,해,공 3군통합 스포츠팀 상무 창단 (in Korean). Maeil Business Newspaper. 1984-01-12.