Hard Rock Cafe

For other uses, see Hard Rock Cafe (disambiguation).
"Hard Rock Hotel and Casino" redirects here. For other uses, see Hard Rock Hotel and Casino (disambiguation).
Hard Rock Cafe International, Inc.
Industry Casual dining restaurants, casinos, hotels
Founded June 14, 1971 (1971-06-14)
Piccadilly, London, U.K.
Headquarters Orlando, Florida, U.S.
Key people
Hamish Dodds, President/CEO
John Galloway, CMO
Tom Gispanski, CFO
Isaac Tigrett and Peter Morton, Founders
Owner Seminole Tribe of Florida
Website www.hardrock.com

Hard Rock Cafe International, Inc. is a chain of theme restaurants founded in 1971 by Isaac Tigrett and Peter Morton in London. In 1979, the cafe began covering its walls with rock and roll memorabilia, a tradition which expanded to others in the chain. In 2007, Hard Rock was sold to the Seminole Tribe of Florida, and is headquartered in Orlando, Florida.[1][2] As of December 2015, there were 191 Hard Rock locations in 59 countries, including 168 cafes, 23 hotels, and 11 casinos.[3]



Hard Rock Cafe located on Broadway in the heart of Times Square
Big Guitar Sign At Hard Rock Cafe, Beirut, Lebanon
Huge Guitar At Hard Rock Cafe, New Delhi
Hard Rock Cafe signage at The Printworks, Manchester
Hard Rock Café in Temple Bar, Dublin
Hard Rock Café Pin "Tbilisi Grand Opening"
Hard Rock Cafe Yankee Stadium

The first Hard Rock Cafe (HRC) opened on June 14, 1971, in Piccadilly, London, under the ownership of young Americans Peter Morton and Isaac Tigrett. Hard Rock initially had an eclectic decor but it later started to display memorabilia.

The chain began to expand worldwide in 1982 with locations in (among others) Toronto, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Chicago, Paris and Berlin.[4] Hard Rock Cafe locations in the United States vary from smaller, more tourist driven markets (Biloxi, Pigeon Forge, Key West, etc.) to large metropolises (Houston, Philadelphia, New York City, Chicago, Boston, Washington DC, etc.). Hard Rock Cafe typically does not franchise cafe locations in the United States. All US cafes are corporate owned and operated, except for cafes in Tampa and Four Winds New Buffalo casino.[5] However, in the transition of the Las Vegas Hard Rock Hotel property originally owned and then later sold to Rank by founder Peter Morton. Morton retained hotel naming rights West of the Mississippi. When Morton sold his Las Vegas Hard Rock Hotel to the Morgans Group, he also sold those naming rights, which then gave rise to two U.S. franchise Hotels (without cafes) in Albuquerque and Tulsa. The Albuquerque hotel no longer pays for the Hard Rock rights and reverted to its former name in June 2013. More hotels franchised off from Morgan's are planned for Sioux City and Vancouver.

In 1990, The Rank Group, a London-based leisure company, acquired Mecca Leisure Group and continued expansion of the concept in its geographic territory. Rank went on to purchase Hard Rock America from Peter Morton as well as Hard Rock Canada from Nick Bitove. After the completion of these acquisitions, Rank gained worldwide control of the brand. In March 2007, the Seminole Tribe of Florida acquired Hard Rock Cafe International, Inc. and other related entities from Rank for US$965 million.[1] In 2008, anonymous members of the wait staff criticized the business because of its practice of paying them less than half the official minimum wage in the UK, with the business allocating tips to staff to bring their salaries within the law. Most customers, it was argued, do not realize that they are subsidizing a low wage when they give the tip.[6]

Music memorabilia

Jon Bon Jovi's guitar on display at the cafe in Moscow

HRC is known for its collection of rock and roll memorabilia. The cafes solicit donations of music memorabilia but also purchase a number of items at auctions around the world, including autographed guitars, costumes from world tours and rare photographs; these are often to be found mounted on cafe walls. The collection began in 1979 with an un-signed Red Fender Lead II guitar from Eric Clapton, who was a regular at the first restaurant in London. Clapton wanted management to hang the guitar over his regular seat in order to lay claim to that spot, and they obliged. This prompted Pete Townshend of The Who to give one of his guitars, also un-signed with the note "Mine's as good as his! Love, Pete."[7] Hard Rock's archive includes over 77,000 items, and is the largest private collection of Rock and Roll memorabilia in the world. Marquee pieces from the collection were briefly displayed in a Hard Rock museum named "The Vault" in Orlando, Florida from January 2003 until September 2004. After the closure, items were disbursed to various restaurant locations.[8] The London Vault remains open and free to visitors, located in the retail Rock Shop of the original cafe.[9] In 2005, Deep Purple launched its new album Rapture of the Deep in Hard Rock Cafe London. This show at the release party itself was released as a DVD.[10]

The Hard Rock Café is also in possession of a Bedford VAL 6 axle coach used in the 1967 film The Beatles Magical Mystery Tour. The vehicle was completely refurbished after filming. It is currently displayed in the US, but makes regular appearances in events in the UK, especially at the original Hard Rock Cafe in London. In 2001, a competition was run to win the actual bus, but it was never given away and remained with the Cafe.

Expansion into other businesses

Casinos, hotels, and racinos

Hard Rock Hotel Macau
Hard Rock Cafe Melaka

In 1995, Peter Morton spent $80 million to open the Hard Rock Hotel near the Las Vegas Strip in Las Vegas, Nevada. A subsequent $100 million expansion in 1999 nearly doubled the hotel's capacity.[11]

In May 2006, Morton sold the Hard Rock Hotel & Casino, Las Vegas to Morgans Hotel Group for $770 million, including the rights to the Hard Rock Hotel brand west of the Mississippi, including Texas, California, Australia, and Vancouver, British Columbia.[12] The hotel began another expansion in 2007 at a cost of $750 million. The project added 875 rooms in two towers and expanded meeting space.[13] In March 2011, Morgans surrendered control of the property to partner Brookfield Asset Management, citing the high debt on the property in the face of the economic downturn.[14]

Today, the Seminole Tribe of Florida owns and operates all units except the Las Vegas,Tulsa, Sioux City, and Vancouver properties. In 2004, Hard Rock International and Sol Melia Hotels and Resorts launched Lifestar Hoteles España SL, a joint venture that intended to manage Europe's first Hard Rock Hotel in Madrid, but it was never opened as a Hard Rock property upon the dissolution of the joint venture in 2007.[15] The other joint venture hotels are in Chicago, New York and San Diego (the San Diego property includes Hard Rock condominiums). Hard Rock also operates hotels and resorts in Orlando, Florida (a joint venture with Loews Hotels); Bali, Indonesia; and Pattaya, Thailand, (a joint venture with Ong Beng Seng/Hotel Properties Limited). Hard Rock International continues to expand internationally (including hotels, casinos, resorts, and condominiums) through several joint ventures (Becker Ventures, Ong Beng Seng/Hotel Properties Limited and Loews Hotels), including hotels in Chicago, Bali, Orlando, Penang, San Diego, Singapore, and planned openings in Abu Dhabi, Cancun, Dubai, Hungary, Panama, Punta Cana and Vallarta[16] - as well as hotel-casinos in Hollywood, Florida; Tampa, Florida; Biloxi, Mississippi; Las Vegas, Nevada; and Tulsa Catoosa, Oklahoma.[17]

The Hotel Zoso in Palm Springs, California was converted into a 160-room Hard Rock Hotel and opened in 2014.[18][19] A location in Atlantic City, New Jersey was planned but canceled.[20] All-inclusive resorts operate under the Hard Rock brand in Mexico and the Dominican Republic. In 2013, the Hard Rock Rocksino Northfield Park, opened as joint slot machine and track venture. The Rocksino is located near Cleveland.

International locations include

Hard Rock Park

In March 2006, Hard Rock Cafe International announced that it had licensed the "Hard Rock" name to HRP Myrtle Beach Operations, LLC, to design, build, and operate a $400 million 150-acre (0.61 km2) theme park called Hard Rock Park. Hard Rock Park opened on April 15, 2008 in Myrtle Beach, South Carolina. The park was expected to draw an estimated 30,000 visitors per day, promised to create more than 3,000 jobs, and was billed as the largest single investment in South Carolina history. It planned to feature a large concert arena and six zones with more than 40 attractions. HRP Myrtle Beach Operations, LLC, filed for Chapter 11 on September 25, 2008. The company hoped to re-open in 2009 after restructuring.[21] On January 2, 2009 after failing to attract a buyer with a minimum $35 million bid for over two months, Hard Rock Park asked a Delaware Bankruptcy Court to convert the filing to Chapter 7, triggering immediate liquidation of assets to pay off creditors, and closing the park.[22]

New owners renamed the venue Freestyle Music Park and planned to reopen retaining a music-theme but, without the Hard Rock name by Memorial Day, 2009. The park only operated one additional year and never reopened due to poor attendance.[23]

Hard Rock Stadium

In August 2016, it has been reported that the NFL will announce the Miami Dolphins' stadium in Miami Gardens, Florida will be renamed Hard Rock Stadium;[24] ironically, the stadium's other high-profile tenant, the University of Miami's football team, has no greater rival than Florida State, whose athletic teams are, with the tribe's blessing, known as the "Seminoles".

Acquisition by the Seminole Tribe of Florida

On December 7, 2006, Rank sold its Hard Rock business to the Seminole Tribe of Florida for $965 million. Included in the deal were 124 Hard Rock Cafes, four Hard Rock Hotels, two Hard Rock Hotel and Casino Hotels, two Hard Rock Live! concert venues, and stakes in three unbranded hotels. Rank retained the Hard Rock Casino in London, and rebranded it the G Casino Piccadilly. The Hard Rock Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas was also not part of the deal, as it was sold by Peter Morton to Morgans Hotel Group in May 2006.[25] The final takeover was mired in controversy, due to a payment clause in a contract with one casino developer, Power Plant Entertainment. Power Plant and the Seminoles announced a settlement in April 2007 which both sides called equitable.[26] On January 8, 2007, Rank shareholders approved the Seminoles' $965 million offer. The Tribe announced it had finalized the deal on March 11, 2007.[27]

On June 22, 2008, the Seminole Hard Rock Hotel & Casino Hollywood began "Vegas-style" table gambling in addition to the Class II slots already in operation. To win approval for the table games, which were barred under Florida law, the Seminole Tribe paid the State of Florida $100 million as part of a 25-year pact signed by Governor Charlie Crist. On July 3, 2008, the Florida Supreme Court ruled that the governor's agreement was unconstitutional, but table games continue to operate because the Federal Department of the Interior approved the now-invalid pact with the state.[28]

List of locations

Location (city) Location (country) Established Status
United Kingdom London United Kingdom June 14, 1971 Open
Canada Toronto Canada June 23, 1978 Open
United States Los Angeles United States October 24, 1982 Closed December 31, 2006[29]
Japan Roppongi Japan July 4, 1983 Open
United States New York United States April 12, 1984 Relocated to Times Square on August 12, 2005
United States San Francisco United States September 10, 1984 Closed August 26, 2002, Relocated to Fisherman's Wharf
Sweden Stockholm Sweden April 16, 1985 Open
United States Chicago United States June 17, 1986 Open
United States Houston United States November 6, 1986 Relocated May 21, 2000
United States Dallas United States November 28, 1986 Relocated July 15, 2009
Mexico Cancún Mexico June 9, 1987 Reopened in March 19, 2016
United States Honolulu United States July 17, 1987 Relocated May 21, 2000
Iceland Reykjavík Iceland July 25, 1987 Closed May 29, 2005. Re-opened October 30, 2016.
United States New Orleans United States December 11, 1987 Relocated December 29, 2012
United States La Jolla United States December 11, 1988 Closed September 6, 2008 (Originally San Diego, renamed when downtown location opened)
Australia Sydney Australia April 1, 1989 Closed October 22, 2007, Relocated December 6, 2011.
Canada Toronto SkyDome Canada June 6, 1989 Closed September 27, 2009
United States Boston United States June 12, 1989 Relocated July 2, 2007
Mexico Acapulco Mexico December 8, 1989 Closed January 14, 2014
United States Washington, D.C. United States January 1, 1990 Open
Singapore Singapore Singapore February 6, 1990 Open
United States Orlando United States June 7, 1990 Relocated December 11, 1998
United States Maui United States July 23, 1990 Open - Scheduled to close December 4, 2016. No re-opening scheduled.
United States Las Vegas at Hard Rock Hotel United States September 7, 1990 Open
Canada Montreal Canada September 20, 1990 Closed September 27, 2009
Mexico Puerto Vallarta Mexico December 30, 1990 Closed early 2012
United States Aspen United States January 22, 1991 Closed November 1, 2000
Canada Calgary Canada April 1, 1991 Closed June 1, 2000
Thailand Bangkok Thailand April 22, 1991 Open
Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Malaysia November 23, 1991 Open
France Paris France November 24, 1991 Open
Japan Osaka Japan January 17, 1992 Closed September 14, 2001
Mexico Tijuana Mexico April 26, 1992 Closed June 19, 2008
Germany Berlin Germany May 18, 1992 Relocated April 26, 2010
Indonesia Jakarta Indonesia October 2, 1992 Relocation to Plaza Indonesia Entertainment X'nter in July 2004.
United States Atlanta United States November 9, 1992 Open
United States Newport Beach United States November 23, 1992 Closed June 23, 2005
United States Virgin Islands St. Thomas US Virgin Islands, United States December 17, 1992 Closed April 24, 2005
Puerto Rico San Juan Puerto Rico March 5, 1993 Closed April 22, 2011. Re-opening in 2016.
Israel Tel Aviv Israel July 1993 Closed December 1997
Cayman Islands Grand Cayman Cayman Islands April 28, 2000 Closed October 13, 2013. Re-opened in December 2014.
United States Miami United States September 21, 1993 Open
Mexico Mexico City Mexico September 23, 1993 Closed May 2013
Indonesia Bali Indonesia October 3, 1993 Open
Taiwan Taipei Taiwan December 22, 1993 Closed February 3, 2002
China Beijing China May 14, 1994 Closed September 30, 2012
United States Nashville United States June 21, 1994 Open
Mexico Cozumel Mexico October 22, 1994 Relocated in early 2015.
Hong Kong Hong Kong Kowloon Hong Kong November 13, 1994 Closed November 24, 2008.
Spain Madrid Spain November 25, 1994 Open
United States San Antonio United States January 12, 1995 Open
Canada Kanata Canada January 15, 1995 Closed September 2, 2002
Hong Kong Hong Kong at Chater Road Hong Kong March 18, 1995 Closed October 1, 1999
Canada Vancouver Canada June 6, 1995 Closed June 1, 2000
Canada Edmonton Canada July 7, 1995 Closed June 1, 2000
United States Myrtle Beach United States July 10, 1995 Closed October 3, 2016. Relocated to new location also at Broadway at the Beach.
Denmark Copenhagen Denmark July 18, 1995 Open
Canada Whistler Canada September 5, 1995 Closed June 1, 2000
Argentina Buenos Aires Argentina October 15, 1995 Open
Australia Melbourne Australia October 21, 1995 Closed October 21, 2007
United States Phoenix United States October 21, 1995 Relocated February 25, 2002
Canada Banff Canada October 22, 1995 Closed June 1, 2000
Taiwan Taichung Taiwan December 1995 Closed December 1996
Mexico Cabo San Lucas Mexico December 10, 1995 Unauthorized location[30]
Belgium Antwerp Belgium December 15, 1995 Closed April 24, 1997
Philippines Makati Philippines December 15, 1995 Open (Originally named Manilla, renamed shortly after)
United States Universal City United States January 12, 1996 Open
Australia Surfers Paradise Australia March 22, 1996 Open, Originally called Gold Coast.
Canada Ottawa Canada June 26, 1996 Closed September 1, 2013
United States Niagara Falls United States July 10, 1996 Open
China Shanghai China August 2, 1996 Closed March 28, 2004
China Guangzhou China September 2, 1996 Closed May 18, 2003
United States Key West United States September 27, 1996 Open
United States Atlantic City United States November 15, 1996 Open
South Africa Cape Town South Africa November 22, 1996 Closed June 17, 2001
South Korea Seoul South Korea December 2, 1996 Reopened in April 8, 2008 but closed again in April 2009. Reopened in October 21, 2014.
Canada Niagara Falls Canada Canada December 9, 1996 Open
Lebanon Beirut Lebanon December 19, 1996 Closed September 9, 2013
China Shenzhen China May 27, 1997 Closed November 1998
Japan Nagoya Japan July 1, 1997 Closed December 31, 2010
United States Baltimore United States July 4, 1997 Open
Japan Yokohama Japan July 18, 1997 Open
United States Sacramento United States August 13, 1997 Closed March 20, 2010
Jordan Amman Jordan August 14, 1997 Closed September 2000
Bahrain Manama Bahrain October 4, 1997 Open
Spain Barcelona Spain November 10, 1997 Open
United States Memphis United States November 16, 1997 Relocated two blocks west in 2014[31]
United Arab Emirates Dubai United Arab Emirates December 13, 1997 Closed for relocation March 8, 2009
United States Philadelphia United States January 15, 1998 Open
Peru Lima Peru February 20, 1998 Closed December 3, 2001. Relocated on December 2012.
United Kingdom Edinburgh United Kingdom March 28, 1998 Open
Guam Guam United States/Guam May 10, 1998 Open
Turkey Ankara Turkey May 27, 1998 Closed February 8, 2002
United States Lake Tahoe United States June 30, 1998 Open
United States Cleveland United States July 2, 1998 Closed July 24, 2016[32]
United States Salt Lake City United States July 10, 1998 Closed December 7, 2008
United States Kona United States July 21, 1998 Closed July 21, 2008
Egypt Sharm el-Sheikh Egypt July 24, 1998 Open
United States San Diego United States July 28, 1998 Open
Northern Mariana Islands Saipan Northern Mariana Islands, United States August 18, 1998 Open
United States St. Louis United States August 24, 1998 Open
United States Denver United States November 5, 1998 Open
Mexico Guadalajara Mexico November 7, 1998 Closed October 2008
Italy Rome Italy December 10, 1998 Open
United States Orlando United States December 11, 1998 Open
Netherlands Amsterdam Netherlands March 20, 1999 Open
United States Indianapolis United States April 13, 1999 Open
Japan Kobe Japan April 27, 1999 Closed December 31, 2003
United States Ft. Lauderdale United States July 7, 1999 Closed May 9, 2004. Relocated to Hollywood, FL
United States Gatlinburg United States September 5, 1999 Relocating to Pigeon Forge
United Kingdom Oasis United Kingdom April 14, 2000 Closed January 31, 2002
Japan Fukuoka Japan April 26, 2000 Open (Relocated from Hawks Town Mall to JRJP Hakata Building at JR Hakata Station. Original location closed March 31, 2016. Re-opened April 27, 2016.[33][34])
United States Houston United States May 21, 2000 Open
Brazil Rio de Janeiro Brazil June 27, 2000 Closed for relocation July 25, 2011, Shop located at base of Corcovado currently
United Kingdom Manchester United Kingdom September 12, 2000 Open
Malta Malta Malta St. Julian's November 25, 2000 Open
Japan Osaka Universal Japan March 22, 2001 Open
Egypt Cairo Egypt May 4, 2001 Closed December 31, 2010
United Kingdom Belfast United Kingdom May 10, 2001 Closed September 25, 2004
New Zealand Queenstown New Zealand May 28, 2001 Closed September 28, 2004
Nicaragua Managua Nicaragua May 2001 Closed December 2001
Japan Osaka Japan September 14, 2001 Open
Colombia Bogotá Colombia October 1, 2001 Open
Thailand Pattaya Thailand October 15, 2001 Open
United Kingdom Birmingham United Kingdom November 19, 2001 Closed May 5, 2007
United States Phoenix United States February 25, 2002 Open
United States Austin United States February 27, 2002 Closed January 2, 2006
Germany Munich Germany February 25, 2002 Open
Japan Ueno-Eki Japan March 25, 2002 Open
United Kingdom Nottingham United Kingdom June 5, 2002 Closed November 12, 2007
United States Pittsburgh United States June 24, 2002 Open
United States San Francisco United States August 26, 2002 Open
United States Minneapolis United States September 12, 2002 Closed September 30, 2011
United Kingdom Leeds United Kingdom December 2, 2002 Closed July 2, 2007
Germany Cologne Germany April 28, 2003 Open
Portugal Lisbon Portugal June 12, 2003 Open
Russia Moscow Russia September 17, 2003 Open
Panama Panama Panama September 8, 2004 Closed fall 2004
United Kingdom Cardiff United Kingdom October 13, 2003 Closed October 12, 2010
The Bahamas Nassau Bahamas October 21, 2003 Unauthorized location.[30] Relocated in June 2014.
United States Detroit United States November 10, 2003 Open
Malta Malta Malta Airport February 1, 2004 Open
Italy Catania Italy February 24, 2004 Closed November 2006
United States Hollywood FL United States May 11, 2004 Open
United States Louisville United States May 31, 2004 Open
Republic of Ireland Dublin Ireland June 29, 2004 Open
United States Destin United States July 2, 2004 Closed June 2014
Indonesia Jakarta Indonesia July 2004 Relocation to Pacific Place to commence in April 2013
United States Foxwoods United States August 20, 2004 Open
Panama MultiCentro Panama September 8, 2004 Closed September 2013. Re-opening in 2016.
Greece Athens Greece September 14, 2004 Closed in 2014 and relocated in November 2015[35]
Egypt Hurghada Egypt November 12, 2004 Open
Kuwait Kuwait Kuwait November 20, 2004 Closed, February 28, 2014
Sweden Gothenburg Sweden December 10, 2004 Open
Venezuela Caracas Venezuela May 12, 2005 Open
United States New York United States August 12, 2005 Open
Spain Playa del Inglés Spain December 2, 2005 Closed October 2009
Norway Oslo Norway December 12, 2005 Open
Brazil Nova Lima Brazil December 23, 2005 Closed May 25, 2014
Malta Malta Malta Valletta March 2, 2006 Open
Dominican Republic Santo Domingo Dominican Republic July 14, 2006 Open
India Mumbai India September 12, 2006 Open
Japan Narita Japan September 15, 2006 Closed August 2012
Jamaica Ocho Rios Jamaica November 22, 2006 Closed February 3, 2011
Venezuela Margarita Venezuela November 27, 2006 Open
Poland Warsaw Poland February 8, 2007 Open
United States Biloxi United States July 1, 2007 Open
United States Boston United States July 2, 2007 Open
Dominican Republic Punta Cana Dominican Republic July 2, 2007 Open
Fiji Fiji Fiji December 4, 2007 Open
Colombia Cartagena Colombia December 13, 2007 Open
India Bengaluru India December 29, 2007 Open
Singapore Singapore Changi Airport Singapore January 9, 2008 Open
Romania Bucharest Romania January 20, 2008 Open
South Korea Seoul South Korea April 8, 2008 Closed April 2009
Spain Mallorca Spain November 29, 2008 Open
Aruba Aruba Aruba, Netherlands December 12, 2008 Open
India Pune India January 11, 2009 Open
United States Yankee Stadium United States March 30, 2009 Open
Czech Republic Prague Czech Republic April 3, 2009 Open
Italy Venice Italy April 9, 2009 Open
India New Delhi India June 4, 2009 Open
United States Dallas United States July 15, 2009 Open
United States Las Vegas United States September 5, 2009 Open
Malaysia Penang Malaysia September 15, 2009 Open
India Hyderabad India September 21, 2009 Open
Spain Marbella Spain October 30, 2009 Open
Thailand Phuket Thailand November 29, 2009 Open
Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City Vietnam December 17, 2009 Open (rights owned by the Highlands Coffee conglomerate)
United States Seattle United States February 10, 2010 Open
Singapore Sentosa Singapore April 22, 2010 Open
Germany Berlin Germany April 26, 2010 Open
Poland Kraków Poland June 4, 2010 Open
United States Hollywood on Hollywood Blvd United States July 19, 2010 Open
Colombia Medellín Colombia September 3, 2010 Open
United States Honolulu United States November 22, 2010 Open
Greece Glyfada Greece December 16, 2010 Closed October 10, 2012
Sint Maarten Sint Maarten Netherlands December 20, 2010 Open
United States Tampa United States December 21, 2010 Open
Hong Kong Hong Kong at Lan Kwai Fong Hong Kong April 18, 2011 Open[36]
Italy Florence Italy June 14, 2011 Open[37]
Australia Sydney Australia July 8, 2011 Open
Mexico Costa Maya Mexico August 16, 2011 Closed (Prior to September 2012)
Germany Hamburg Germany August 17, 2011 Open[38]
United Arab Emirates Dubai United Arab Emirates November 18, 2011 Open[39]
Australia Sydney Australia December 6, 2011 Open
Hungary Budapest Hungary December 14, 2011 Open[40]
Macau Macau China February 14, 2012 Open
United States New Buffalo, Michigan at Four Winds New Buffalo United States July 11, 2012 Open[41]
Belgium Brussels at Grand Place Brussels Belgium July 31, 2012 Open[42]
Cyprus Nicosia Cyprus October 14, 2012 Closed May 21, 2013
Finland Helsinki Finland October 15, 2012 Open
Peru Lima Peru December 19, 2012 Open
Chile Santiago Chile December 20, 2012 Open
Egypt Nabq Egypt December 28, 2012 Open
United States New Orleans United States December 29, 2012 Open
Indonesia Jakarta Indonesia April 2013 Open
Malaysia Malacca City Malaysia June 12, 2013 Open
Spain Ibiza Spain July 2013 Open
India Mumbai, Andheri West India August 2013 Open
France Nice France November 2013 Open
South Africa Johannesburg South Africa November 2013[43] Open
Malaysia Kota Kinabalu Malaysia December 2014 Open[44]
Costa Rica San José Costa Rica June 2013 Open[44]
Guatemala Guatemala City Guatemala 2012 Open[44]
Turkey Istanbul Turkey 2013 Open[45]
Bolivia Santa Cruz de la Sierra Bolivia February 24, 2014 Open[44]
Spain Tenerife Spain March 15, 2014 Open
Qatar Doha Qatar 2015 Planned[44]
United Kingdom Glasgow United Kingdom November 2013 Open[46]
United States Northfield Park United States December 18, 2013 Open
Austria Vienna Austria August 8, 2014 Open[47]
Poland Gdańsk Poland July 6, 2014 Open
United States Anchorage United States June 28, 2014 Open[48]
United States Mall of America United States August 28, 2014 Open[49]
Cambodia Siem Reap Cambodia 2014 Open[50]
Montenegro Podgorica Montenegro February 8, 2015 Open
India Chennai India December 29, 2013 Closed
United States Daytona Beach United States 2016 Planned[51]
Kazakhstan Almaty Kazakhstan November 5, 2014 Open
India Gurgaon India April 1, 2014 Open[44]
United States Pigeon Forge United States May 20, 2014 Open (This is a move from Gatlinburg)[44]
South Korea Seoul Republic of Korea October 22, 2014 Open[44]
China Shanghai China 2014 Open
New Zealand Auckland New Zealand November 2016 Planned
Paraguay Asuncion Paraguay December 2014 Open[52]
Costa Rica Playas del Coco Costa Rica June 27, 2015 Open
France Marseille France November 30, 2014 Open
Brazil Curitiba Brazil May 28, 2015 Open
Tunisia Port El Kantaoui Tunisia December 2015 Open
Portugal Porto Portugal November 20, 2016 Open
Nigeria Lagos Nigeria December 19, 2015 Open
Thailand Koh Samui Thailand May 1, 2016 Open
Spain Seville Spain May 17, 2016 Open
United States Tampa International Airport United States August 6, 2016 Open
United States Myrtle Beach United States October 7, 2016 Open
Belgium Antwerp Belgium 2017 Planned
Cyprus Ayia Napa Cyprus 2016 Open
Azerbaijan Baku Azerbaijan 2016 Open
China Hangzhou China 2016 Open
Argentina Iguazu Argentina 2016 Planned
France Lyon France 2016 Open
China Shanghai China 2016 Planned
China Shenzhen China 2016 Planned
Georgia (country) Tbilisi Georgia 2016 Open
Mongolia Ulaanbaatar Mongolia 2016 Planned
Argentina Ushuaia Argentina 2016 Planned
Myanmar Yangon Myanmar 2016 Planned
South Africa Pretoria South Africa Template:Dts2016 Open
Thailand Chiang Mai Thailand 2017 Planned
Spain Valencia Spain 2017 Planned
Jamaica Montego Bay Jamaica 2017 Planned[53]
Paraguay Ciudad del Este Paraguay 2017 Planned
Vatican City Vatican City Vatican City 2017 Planned
Italy Milan Italy 2017 Planned
Serbia Belgrade Serbia 2017 Planned[54]
Poland Wrocław Poland 2017 Planned
Malaysia Desaru Malaysia 2017 Planned

See also


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  2. "Contact Us". Hard Rock Cafe. Retrieved March 16, 2012.
  3. Seay, Gregory (December 14, 2015). "Hard Rock sets 170-room DoNo hotel". Hartford Business Journal. Retrieved December 15, 2015.
  4. "Hard Rock History". Hard Rock Cafe. Retrieved March 16, 2012.
  5. Hard Rock Cafe Locations. Retrieved May 10, 2012
  6. Shankleman, Martin (July 18, 2008). "Hard Rock wages 'below minimum'". BBC News. Retrieved March 17, 2012.
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  9. Laura Porter. "The Vault". About.com. Retrieved March 17, 2012.
  10. "Montreux'2006 DVD details". The Highway Star. May 17, 2007. Retrieved March 17, 2012.
  11. "The Hard Rock Hotel & Casino Las Vegas Selects Rainmaker Group Revenue Management". Hospitalitynet. June 22, 2009. Retrieved March 17, 2012.
  12. William Spain (May 6, 2006). "Morgans Hotel Group to buy Vegas Hard Rock for $770 million". The Wall Street Journal. marketwatch.com. Retrieved March 17, 2012.
  13. Amanda Finnegan (February 6, 2009). "Hard Rock Hotel expansion hits another milestone". Las Vegas Sun. lasvegassun.com. Retrieved March 17, 2012.
  14. Steve Green (March 2, 2011). "Hard Rock Hotel management group ends its run with resort". Las Vegas Sun. lasvegassun.com. Retrieved March 17, 2012.
  15. Milligan, Michael. "Sol Melia confident that ME brand will stand out from the crowd". Travel Weekly. Retrieved January 22, 2007.
  16. "Hard Rock International and the Luckie Street Partners Announce Atlanta Hotel Development". Hard Rock Cafe. October 24, 2007. Retrieved March 17, 2012.
  17. "Contact Us". Hard Rock Cafe. Retrieved March 17, 2012.
  18. Vincent, Roger. (February 10, 2013). Palm Springs hotel to be converted into Hard Rock outpost. Los Angeles Times.
  19. "Hard Rock Hotel Palm Springs Announces Star-Studded Grand Opening Celebration Set for March 6th". globenewswire.com. February 19, 2014. Retrieved November 10, 2016.
  20. Wittkowski, Donald. (September 13, 2012). Hard Rock casino developers scrap Atlantic City casino project The Press of Atlantic City.
  21. "S.C.'s Hard Rock Park files for bankruptcy after inaugural season". USA Today. usatoday.com. September 25, 2008. Retrieved March 16, 2012.
  22. "Hard Rock Park requests liquidation". Orlando Sentinel. Orlandosentinel.com. January 3, 2009. Retrieved March 17, 2012.
  23. "Coastal business: Freestyle Music Park attorney sees better market". The Sun News. myrtlebeachonline.com. February 8, 2011. Retrieved March 20, 2012.
  24. Jackson, Barry (August 16, 2016). "Miami Dolphins' stadium gets a new name: Hard Rock". Miami Herald. Retrieved August 17, 2016.
  25. Adrian Sainz (December 7, 2006). "Seminoles buy Hard Rock cafe". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. seattlepi.com. Retrieved March 20, 2012.
  26. John Burstein (April 18, 2007). "Seminoles, developer settle disputes". South Florida Sun-Sentinel. sun-sentinel.com. Retrieved March 20, 2012.
  27. "Seminole Tribe Finalizes Acquisition of Hard Rock International". PRnewswire. hotels-stl.com. March 11, 2007. Retrieved March 20, 2012.
  28. Brenda Farrington (July 3, 2008). "Florida Supreme court nixes casino pact". The Seattle Times. seattletimes.com. Associated Press. Retrieved March 20, 2012.
  29. Lesley Balla (January 8, 2007). "Hard Rock Café Ain't Rockin' No More". Eater LA. Retrieved March 20, 2012.
  30. 1 2 "Franchise Agreements Terminated". Hard Rock Cafe. Retrieved January 20, 2014.
  31. "Memphis official confirms Hard Rock Cafe is moving its location". WorldNow and WMC. January 15, 2014.
  32. Morona, Joey (July 23, 2016). "Hard Rock Cafe at Tower City closes for good on Sunday". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved July 24, 2016.
  33. http://www.fukuoka-now.com/en/news/hard-rock-cafe-announces-move-to-hakata/
  34. http://www.fukuoka-now.com/en/2016/04/hard-rock-cafe-rocks-new-hakata-venue-pre-opening-report/
  35. "Το Hard Rock Cafe επιστρέφει στην Αθήνα". To Vima. Retrieved September 25, 2015.
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  37. "Hard Rock Turns Up The Volume In Florence With Grand Opening Celebration". Hard Rock Cafe. June 14, 2011.
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  53. Hard Rock Café Coming To MoBay

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