Top left: Matsushima Port, top right: Togetsukyō Bridge to Oshima Island, 2nd left: Matsushima Marinpia Aquarium (closed), 2nd right: Zuiganji Temple, 3rd left: Godaidō, 3rd right: Entsuin Temple, bottom left: Atago Shrine, bottom right: Matsushima Kaigan Train Station
Location of Matsushima in Miyagi Prefecture
|Coordinates: 38°22′48.6″N 141°04′2.4″E / 38.380167°N 141.067333°ECoordinates: 38°22′48.6″N 141°04′2.4″E / 38.380167°N 141.067333°E|
|• -Mayor||Kouichi Sakurai (since October 2015)|
|• Total||53.56 km2 (20.68 sq mi)|
|Population (August 31, 2016)|
|• Density||277/km2 (720/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|Address||10 Takagi-aza-chō, Matsushima-machi 981-0215|
Matsushima (松島町 Matsushima-machi) is a town in Miyagi District, Miyagi Prefecture, in the Tohoku region of northern Japan. As of August 2016, the town had an estimated population of 14,733 and a population density of 275 persons per km². The total area was 53.56 square kilometres (20.68 sq mi). It is most famous as the location of Matsushima Bay, one of the Three Views of Japan, and is also the site of the Zuigan-ji, one of the most famous Zen temples in Tōhoku, Entsū-in and Kanrantei.
Matsushima is in east-central Miyagi Prefecture, with Matsushima Bay to the east. The town’s highest point is Mount Danyama, with a height of 178 meters.
The area of present-day Matsushima was part of ancient Mutsu Province and has been settled since at least the Jomon period. The Daikigakoi Shell Mound is one of the largest shell middens to have been discovered in Japan. With the establishment of Tagajō in the Nara period, Matsushima was part of the Yamato colonization area in the region. During the Sengoku period, the area was contested by samurai clans before it came under the control of the Date clan of Sendai Domain during the Edo period, under the Tokugawa shogunate.
The modern village of Matsushima was established on June 1, 1889 with the establishment of the municipalities system. It was raised to town status on December 16, 1963.
Matsushima has three elementary schools, one middle school and one high school.
- East Japan Railway Company (JR East) – Tōhoku Main Line
- East Japan Railway Company (JR East) – Senseki Line
- Port of Matsushima - Matsushima Sightseeing Boats
International sister cities
Japanese sister cities
- August 1, 1987: Kisakata, Akita
- October 16, 1988: Kamiamakusa, Kumamoto (formerly known as Matsushima)
Noted people from Matsushima
- Jun Senoue – musician
- "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Retrieved 21 November 2015.
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