Philippe Troussier

Philippe Troussier
Personal information
Date of birth (1955-03-21) 21 March 1955
Place of birth Paris, France
Playing position (Former) Defender
Youth career
1974–1975 AS Choisy-le-Roi
1975–1976 RC Joinville
Senior career*
Years Team Apps (Gls)
1976–1977 Angoulême 22 (0)
1977–1978 Red Star 93 3 (0)
1978–1981 Rouen 79 (8)
1981–1983 Stade de Reims 38 (0)
Teams managed
1983–1984 INF Vichy
1984–1987 CS Alençon
1987–1989 Red Star 93
1989 Créteil
1989–1992 ASEC Mimosas
1993 Côte d'Ivoire
1994 Kaizer Chiefs
1995–1997 FUS Rabat
1997 Nigeria
1997–1998 Burkina Faso
1998 South Africa
1998–2002 Japan
2003–2004 Qatar
2004–2005 Marseille
2005 Morocco
2008–2010 Ryūkyū
2011–2013 Shenzhen Ruby
2014 Sfaxien
2015 Hangzhou Greentown

* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.

Philippe Omar Troussier[1] (born 21 March 1955) is a French former professional footballer and current manager.

After a modest playing career within the French leagues he moved into management where he started out within the lower echelons of French football, however it was his move to Ivorian team ASEC Mimosas where he started to distinguish himself as a manager after winning several league titles with them.[2] This would soon see him have a long association with African football and particularly their national teams, with Côte d'Ivoire, Nigeria, South Africa and Burkina Faso being teams he managed. His international management career would continue with Japan where he had a successful spell with them by winning the 2000 AFC Asian Cup, since then he has returned to club management.

Playing career

Philippe Troussier started his career in football as a player and would go on to become a professional with French Division 2 football club Angoulême in the 1976/77 league season. The following campaign he would leave to join Red Star 93, however his stay at the club was brief and he moved to Rouen. After several seasons with Rouen, Troussier's last professional club was Stade de Reims whom he played for until 1983 after having spent his whole professional career in the second division he moved into management.

Coaching career

Early coaching career

Troussier soon moved into management after gaining his coaching licences and achieved his first coaching position with the French Football Federation where he was allowed to manage a National football centre football club called Institut national du football de Vichy or more commonly known as INF Vichy. The team were allowed to participate in the third tier and given exemption from promotion or relegation so the young players could develop. In his time with the team he led them into the 1983/84 league season where they came second within their group.[3] The following season Troussier would coach CS Alençon in the French fourth division and spent three seasons learning how to manage an amateur football club.[4]

He would return to his former club Red Star 93 in the 1987/88 league season as their manager. In his time with the club he would guide them to second within the group and promotion to the second tier at the end of the 1988/89 league campaign.[5] He would, however leave the club on June 30, 1989 to join second tier club Créteil on a caretaker basis until October 1, 1989 when Bernard Maligorne took on the management position.[6]

Move to Africa

Troussier's first move away from France started with Côte d'Ivoire top division football club ASEC Mimosas where in his debut season he won the league championship.[7] This would soon be followed by two further league titles and an endearment towards the country, which saw him gain citizenship with Côte d'Ivoire. With his impressive run at club level the Côte d'Ivoire national football team hired him as their manager in hopes that he could replicate his success with the national team. He was assigned to qualify for the 1994 FIFA World Cup, however he failed to achieve this and soon left his post to move to South African football club Kaizer Chiefs.

After a brief period with Kaizer Chiefs Troussier moved to Moroccan football club Fath Union Sport and led them to the 1995 Coupe du Trône.[8] His time with Fath Union Sport also saw him experience relegation to the second tier with them, however he remained with the club for several seasons until he was offered a chance to return to international management with Nigeria to replace Shaibu Amodu as they attempted to qualify for the 1998 FIFA World Cup. Entering the job half way through qualifying he led them into four games throughout the campaign as Nigeria successfully qualified, however the Nigeria Football Federation decided to relieve Troussier of his duties and ultimately let highly experienced coach Bora Milutinović lead them into the tournament due to his experience of already managing three different nations in a World Cup at that time.[9]

Troussier quickly found a new job managing another African nation in Burkina Faso where he was assigned to coach them in the 1998 African Cup of Nations, which they were hosting. In a short period of time he made the team genuine title contenders until they were beaten by Egypt 2-0 in the semi-finals. Burkina Faso ultimately finished fourth after losing to DR Congo in the third-place match, nevertheless the result meant it was their highest ever finish at the time.[10] His stint at Burkina Faso would impress the South African Football Association, who offered him the job of leading South Africa to the 1998 World Cup. He would replace Jomo Sono, who, despite leading South Africa to the final of the 1998 African Cup of Nations as a caretaker manager, was not given a permanent position. Troussier, however was not able to galvanize the squad as he had done with Burkina Faso and the team were knocked-out in the group stages. After the tournament he would leave Africa, but before he did he was nicknamed as the "White Witch Doctor" for his overall successful legacy towards African football.

Move to Asia

In 1998 Troussier replaced Takeshi Okada to coach Japan and was assigned to improve upon the nation's previous results at the 1998 FIFA World Cup as they prepared to co-host the 2002 FIFA World Cup. Having to use a translator, he struggled to get what he wanted from the players as they were knocked out of the 1999 Copa América within the group stages.[11] The disappointing performance within the tournament gathered a negative reaction from the Japanese media, which saw Troussier go for a more youthful approach and take the reins of the under-20 team as they participated in the 1999 FIFA World Youth Championship.[12] The Japanese teamhad a successful campaign and were runners-up within the tournament. He continued to take control of Japan's youth teams when he managed the under-23 team in the 2000 Summer Olympics and led them to the quarter-finals.[13] The majority of that team would then go on to be called up to the 2000 AFC Asian Cup and win the tournament.[14] With this success, Troussier went into the 2002 FIFA World Cup with confidence and led Japan to the final 16, making it at the time Japan's best ever finish within the competition.[15]

In July 2003 Troussier was appointed as the new manager of Qatar and was assigned with qualification for the 2004 AFC Asian Cup with the hope of repeating the success he previously had with Japan.[16] Initially his reign went smoothly with a successful qualification campaign and a team selection that once again employed a youthful approach as well as several naturalized players.[17] The tournament itself turned out to be a disappointment that saw Qatar finish bottom of their group. Along with his disappointing start to the 2006 FIFA World Cup qualification campaign, Troussier was ultimately fired from his position.[18]

Return to France and Africa

On November 27, 2004, Troussier returned to France to manage Ligue 1 team Olympique de Marseille. His time with the club would see him have a tumultuous relationship with the senior players, particularly French international player Bixente Lizarazu.[19] A fifth-place finish at the end of the season saw Troussier replaced by Jean Fernandez. He returned to Africa and became the head coach of the Moroccan national team, having taken over after the country's failure to qualify for the 2006 World Cup. However, he was fired after two months in charge by the Moroccan FA due to a difference in opinion.

Return to Asia

In March 2008, he returned to Japan to manage FC Ryūkyū a Japanese third-division team, before he was replaced by compatriot Jean Paul Rabier. Troussier would stay away from football and converted to Islam[1] On 22 February 2010, he returned to management with Chinese Super League side Shenzhen Ruby F.C. on a three-year contract.[20] He would once again enforce a youthful team selection; however this would relegate the team, making them the first top-tier champions to be relegated since the foundation of professional football in China.[21] He would remain with the club whilst they were in the second tier; however after mounting criticism he would alienate himself from the fans after the fourth-round league match versus Chongqing F.C. when in a local TV interview Troussier fired out against criticism and doubt from fans and urged them "not to come to the game or him". Shenzhen Ruby won the match, however former players who were forced to leave by Troussier in his efforts to force youth into the team Li Fei and Chris Killen scored for Chongqing F.C. in their first return to Shenzhen and physical confrontations took place after the match among fans, staffs, players and even Troussier himself.[22] He further alienated his relationships with the squad and staff on August 25 after a defeat to Chengdu Tiancheng F.C. saw the club's hopes of promotion vanish and he provided a statement that he would take leave back to France on a "regular holiday under his contract".[23] The club's supporters would believe the board sent him on leave hoping that the indignity would see him resign rather than compensating him the 1 million euros per year in his contract. He returned from his holiday and managed the club throughout the 2013 Chinese league season, where he was unable to gain promotion.

Troussier is widely believed to be the first-choice replacement as coach of the Malaysia national football team after the Football Association of Malaysia didn't renew former coach K. Rajagopal's contract after it expired in December 2013. He was said to have agreed a MYR5 million annual salary with the FAM.[24] However, the deal fell through when he faced some disagreements with the Football Association of Malaysia.[25]

On 30 June 2014, Troussier became manager of CS Sfaxien of Tunisia.[26] On 28 September 2014, Troussier quit CS Sfaxien of Tunisia.[27]

Honors and awards

ASEC Mimosas
FUS Rabat
Japan national team


  1. 1 2 October's ten - Religious conversions The Guardian, Emma John; 1 October 2006
  2. "Troussier: Africa is the heart of the game". 21 November 2012. Retrieved 11 January 2014.
  3. "Division 3 Gr. Centre 1984" (in French). Retrieved 2014-12-17.
  4. "Union Sportive Alençonnaise 61" (in French). Retrieved 2014-12-17.
  5. "Red Star Football Club 93" (in French). Retrieved 2014-12-17.
  6. "Red Star FC » Manager history". Retrieved 2014-12-17.
  7. Eric Boesenberg (2014-12-04). "Ivory Coast - List of Champions". Retrieved 2014-12-17.
  8. Shahbaz Sabeti and Nabil Benkirane (2005-06-15). "Morocco 1994/95". Retrieved 2014-12-17.
  9. Mark Pierson (1997-12-18). "Football: Milutinovic confirmed as Nigeria coach for France 98". Retrieved 2014-12-17.
  10. Barrie Courtney (2005-06-05). "African Nations Cup 1998 - Final Tournament Details". Retrieved 2015-03-02.
  11. "Copa America 1999". Retrieved 2015-03-10.
  12. Ryan Steele (2012-11-26). "Top 10 Japanese foreigners: No.6 Philippe Troussier". Retrieved 2015-03-10.
  13. Karel Stokkermans (2008-08-22). "Games of the XXVII. Olympiad". Retrieved 2015-03-10.
  14. "Asian Nations Cup 2000". Retrieved 2015-03-10.
  15. "World Cup 2002". Retrieved 2015-03-10.
  16. Tim Maitland (2004-07-18). "Young Qataris get used to Troussier doctrine". Retrieved 2015-03-11.
  17. Patrick Haond. "Troussier wants French for Qatar". Retrieved 2015-03-11.
  18. "Qatar coach Troussier sacked". 2004-07-20. Retrieved 2015-03-11.
  19. "Lizarazu ne s'entendait pas avec Troussier". 2005-01-07. Retrieved 2015-03-11.
  20. "Troussier to coach Chinese super league team Shenzhen Ruby". February 23, 2011. Retrieved 2015-03-11.
  21. "2011 CSL Season in Review: A Final Look at the ACL and Relegation Sides". November 7, 2011. Retrieved 2015-03-11.
  22. "特鲁西埃:20个球迷围住我骂傻X 不能接受这种侮辱". 2012-04-09. Retrieved 2014-08-19.
  23. "特鲁西埃推迟归期惹猜疑 高层回应:主教练位置不变". 2012-09-20. Retrieved 2014-08-19.
  24. Ajitpal Singh (14 January 2014). "Troussier wants Malaysia". New Straits Times. Retrieved 14 January 2014.
  25. Zulhilmi Zainal (31 January 2014). "Phillippe Troussier deal falls through". Retrieved 27 February 2014.
  26. "Troussier jumps in as CS Sfaxien and Esperance meet in Tunisian derby". 2014-07-24. Retrieved 2015-03-20.
  27. "Troussier leaves Sfaxien after Champions League defeat". 2014-09-28. Retrieved 2015-03-20.
Awards and achievements
Preceded by
France Aimé Jacquet
FIFA World Cup host country managers
2002 (with co-host South Korea Guus Hiddink ( Netherlands))
Succeeded by
Germany Jürgen Klinsmann
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