Politics of Nagorno-Karabakh

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Politics of Nagorno-Karabakh takes place in a framework of a semi-presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Nagorno-Karabakh is the head of state and the Prime Minister of Nagorno-Karabakh is the head of government, and of a multi-party system; as of 2009, American-based non-governmental organisation Freedom House ranks the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic above both Armenia and Azerbaijan in terms of political and civil rights.[1][2][3] Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the Government and the National Assembly. The republic is de facto independent and de jure a part of Azerbaijan. None of the elections in Nagorno-Karabakh are recognised by international bodies such as the OSCE Minsk Group, the European Union and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, as well as numerous individual countries, such as Azerbaijan and Turkey, who also condemned and called them a source of increased tensions.[4][5][6]

Executive branch

Main office holders
Office Name Party Since
President Bako Sahakyan Independent 19 July 2007
Prime Minister Arayik Harutyunyan Free Motherland 14 September 2007

The President is directly elected for a five-year term, by the people. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President and approved by the National Assembly.

Legislative branch

The NKR Presidential Palace

The National Assembly (Azgayin Zhoghov) has 33 members elected for a five-year term, 16 in single seat constituencies and the remaining 17 by proportional representation. Nagorno-Karabakh has a multi-party system, with numerous political parties in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments.

Recent elections

2015 parliamentary election

 Summary of the 3 May 2015 National Assembly of Nagorno-Karabakh election results
Party Proportional Constiutency Total
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
Free Motherland32,63247.3511 415+1
Democratic Party of Artsakh13,10519.104 26–1
Armenian Revolutionary Federation12,96518.814 37+1
Movement 884,7786.932 02New
National Revival3,7095.381 01New
Communist Party of Artsakh1,1361.650 000
Peace and Development5910.860 000
Independents 22–4
Invalid/blank votes3,3804,232
Registered voters/turnout102,04270.8898,92070.59
Source: CEC, CEC, Caucasian Knot

2012 presidential election

 Summary of the 19 July 2012 Nagorno-Karabakh presidential election results
Candidate Votes %
Bako Sahakyan 47,085 64.65
Vitaly Balasanyan 22,966 31.53
Arkady Soghomonyan 594 0.81
Blank or invalid 2,188 3.00
Total votes cast 72,833 100.00
Turnout 72,833 73.64
Abstention 26,076 26.36
Total eligible voters 98,909 100.00
Source: Panorama, RIA Novosti

See also


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