Progressive Federal Party

Progressive Federal Party
Progressiewe Federale Party
Leader See below
Founded 1977
Dissolved 1989
Preceded by Progressive Reform Party
Merged into Democratic Party
Ideology Liberalism (South African)
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
South Africa

The Progressive Federal Party (PFP) (Afrikaans: Progressiewe Federale Party) was a South African political party formed in 1977. It advocated power-sharing in South Africa through a federal constitution, in place of apartheid. Its leader was Colin Eglin, who was succeeded by Frederik van Zyl Slabbert and then Zach de Beer, but its best known parliamentarian was Helen Suzman, who was for many years the only member of the whites-only parliament to speak out against the apartheid regime.

It was formed in 1977 when a group of United Party members left the party to form the Committee for a United Opposition, which then joined the Progressive Reform Party to form the Progressive Federal Party.[1]

It drew support mainly from liberal English-speaking white people, as owing to South Africa's apartheid laws, its membership was limited to the country's whites. The PFP was derided by right-wing whites, who claimed its initials stood for 'Packing for Perth', because of the many white liberal supporters of the 'Progs', who were emigrating to Australia.[2]

Another well known parliamentarian and prominent member of the party was Harry Schwarz who had led the Reform Party and signed the Mahlabatini Declaration of Faith. He was the chairman of the Federal Executive (1976–79), finance spokesman (1975–91) and defence spokesman (1975–84). He was regarded as the PFP's greatest parliamentary performer[3] and was amongst the most prominent and effective opponents of apartheid in Parliament.

It was ousted as the official opposition by the far-right Conservative Party in the whites-only parliamentary elections held on May 6, 1987.

This electoral blow led many of the PFP's leaders to question the value of participating in the whites-only parliament, and some of its MPs left to form the New Democratic Movement (NDM).

In 1989, the PFP and NDM merged with another small white reformist party, the Independent Party (IP), to form the Democratic Party (DP).


Leaders of the Progressive Federal Party:

Entered office Left office
1 Colin Eglin 1977 1979
2 Frederik van Zyl Slabbert 1979 1986
3 Colin Eglin 1986 1988
4 Zach de Beer 1988 1989

See also


  1. Packing for Perth: The Growth of a Southern African Diaspora, Eric Louw, Gary Mersham, Asian and Pacific Migration Journal, Vol. 10, No. 2, 2001 303]
  2. Native Vs. Settler: Ethnic Conflict in Israel/Palestine, Northern Ireland, and South Africa, Thomas G. Mitchell, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2000, page 82
  3. Leon, Tony (2009). On the Contrary: Leading the Opposition in the New South Africa. Jonathan Ball Publishers. ISBN 1-86842-259-3.
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