Iriye Akira (入江 昭) (born October 20, 1934) is a historian of American diplomatic history especially United States-East Asian relations, and international issues. He is the only Japanese citizen ever to serve as President of the American Historical Association, and has also served as president for the Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations. In 2005, he was awarded the Order of the Sacred Treasure, Gold and Silver Star, one of Japan's highest civilian honors. He was also awarded Japan's Yoshida Shigeru Prize for best book in public history.
Akira Iriye was born in Tokyo, in 1934 and graduated from Seikei High School. He received a B.A. from Haverford College in 1957, and a Ph.D. in History from Harvard in 1961. He was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1974. Iriye began as an Instructor and Lecturer in history at Harvard, then taught at the University of California at Santa Cruz, the University of Rochester, and the University of Chicago before accepting an appointment as Professor of History at Harvard University in 1989, where he became Charles Warren Professor of American History in 1991. He was Director of the Edwin O. Reischauer Institute of Japanese Studies from 1991 through 1995.
Career and scholarship
The focus of his research and thinking first turned to the United States, China, and Japan's interactions in the period leading up to the Pacific War, a war which he experienced first hand as a child. His first book, After Imperialism: The Search for a New Order in the Far East, 1921–1931, based on his PhD thesis, made use of the multi-archival and multi-lingual research which characterizes his scholarship. The book presents the argument that the collapse of the "diplomacy of imperialism" after Treaty of Versailles left a vacuum in the East Asian international system, a theme also explored in his 1972 Pacific Estrangement: Japanese and American Expansion, 1897–1911. But his 1981 Power and Culture: the Japanese-American War, 1941–1945 explained in more optimistic terms the almost instantaneous transition in 1945 from racial all out war to alliance in terms of underlying cultural parallels between the two countries.
Across the Pacific: An Inner History of American-East Asian Relations, first published in 1965, surveys nearly two centuries of interaction, but is more than a synthesis of scholarship in the field; it looks at how the thinking elites and policymakers in the three countries interacted, a theme explored in the conference volume Mutual Images: Essays in American-Japanese Relations (1975).
This approach used but moved beyond traditional diplomatic history by incorporating cultural perspectives, shown also in his work on the Cold War, including The Cold War in Asia, (1974) and the co-edited conference volumes The Origins of the Cold War in Asia (1977) and The Great Powers in East Asia, 1953–1960 (1990).
However the focus of his thought was moving in new directions and beyond East Asia. In his presidential address to the American Historical Association in 1988, "The Internationalization of History," Iriye pointed out that "at one level, this will necessitate the establishment of closer ties between the American and overseas historical communities. At another level, the effort will entail the search for historical themes and conceptions that are meaningful across national boundaries. At still another level, each historian will have to become more conscious of how his or her scholarship may translate in other parts of the world."
In his 1997 Cultural Internationalism and World Order and the 2002 Global Community: The Role of International Organizations in the Making of the Contemporary World he looked at the growth of NGOs and global consciousness rather than diplomacy, and called for new levels of thought and analysis.
- After Imperialism: The Search for a New Order in the Far East, 1921–1931 (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1965). Reprinted: (Chicago: Imprint Publications, 1990).
- Across the Pacific: An Inner History of American-East Asian Relations (Chicago: Harcourt, Brace, 1967). Reprinted: Chicago: Imprint, 1992.
- Pacific Estrangement: Japanese and American Expansion, 1897-1911 (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1972; reprinted (Chicago: Imprint Publications, 1994).).
- Priscilla Clapp Akira Iriye, eds., Mutual Images: Essays in American-Japanese Relations (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1975).
- Yonosuke Nagai Akira Iriye, eds., The Origins of the Cold War in Asia (New York: Columbia University Press, 1977).
- Power and Culture: The Japanese-American War, 1941-1945 (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1981).
- The Origins of the Second World War in Asia and the Pacific (London; New York: Longman, 1987).
- "The Internationalization of History," American Historical Association Presidential Address, 1988
- Akira Iriye Warren I. Cohen, eds., The United States and Japan in the Postwar World (Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1989).
- Warren I. Cohen Akira Iriye, eds., The Great Powers in East Asia, 1953-1960 (New York: Columbia University Press, 1990).
- Fifty Years of Japanese-American Relations (in Japanese, 1991)
- Akira Iriye, Michael J. Barnhart eds., "Above the Mushroom Clouds: Fiftieth Anniversary Perspectives," Journal of American-East Asian Relations 4.2 (Summer 1995): 89-179.
- The Globalizing of America (1993)
- Cultural Internationalism and World Order (1997).
- Global Community: The Role of International Organizations in the Making of the Contemporary World (2002)
- Holt World History: The Human Journey (200).
- China and Japan in the Global Setting (1998 ISBN 9780674118393) The 1989 Edwin O. Reischauer Lectures
- The Human Rights Revolution, co-edited with Petra Goedde and William Hitchcock (New York: Oxford University Press, 2012)
- Kodansha Encyclopedia of Japan
- American Historical Association
- Jinan incident
- List of Guggenheim Fellowships awarded in 1974
- "Akira Iriye". Contemporary Authors Online. Detroit: Gale. 2009.
- Reischauer Institute of Japanese Studies (RIJS), Director, 1991-1995
- WorldCat Identities: Iriye, Akira