Bossier City, Louisiana
|City of Bossier City|
A central plaza of the Louisiana Boardwalk with the Horseshoe Hotel and Casino in the background.
|Motto: "Union, Justice, Confidence"|
|Coordinates: 32°31′04″N 93°41′29″W / 32.51778°N 93.69139°WCoordinates: 32°31′04″N 93°41′29″W / 32.51778°N 93.69139°W|
|• Mayor||Lorenz James "Lo" Walker (R)|
|• City Council|
|• Suburban city||111.8 sq mi (290 km2)|
|• Land||109.7 sq mi (284 km2)|
|• Water||2.1 sq mi (5 km2) 1.89%|
|• Metro||2,698 sq mi (6,987.8 km2)|
|Elevation||174 ft (53 m)|
|• Suburban city||61,315|
|• Estimate (2015)||68,094|
|• Rank||US: 518th|
|• Density||1,382.6/sq mi (533.8/km2)|
|• Metro||446,471 (US: 113th)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|Website||City of Bossier City|
As of the 2010 census, Bossier City had a population of 61,315. The 2013 estimate was 66,333. Bossier City is located on the eastern bank of the Red River and is closely tied to its larger sister city Shreveport on the opposite bank. The Shreveport – Bossier City metropolitan area is the center of the region known as the Ark-La-Tex.
In the 1830s, Bossier City was the plantation Elysian Grove, purchased by James Cane and his 2nd wife Mary D. C. Cane. James and his 1st wife, Rebecca Bennett, came to the area with Rebecca's brother, William Bennett and his wife Mary Doal Cilley Bennett. They first had the trading post across the river on what was then Caddo Indian Land, a portion called "Bennett's Bluff." The trading post partners and Mary D. C. Bennett's father Samuel Bennett, became a 1/7th partner in the new Shreve Town, which eventually became Shreveport.
Elysian Grove plantation was on the Red River, at the intersection of the Texas Trail on the Red River where the trading post ran the ferry crossing between what was to become Shreveport and Bossier. The plantation loading and unloading dock later became known as Cane's Landing in the old Ferry log books. For a very short time, Cane's Landing would become known as Cane City. Mary D. C. Bennett Cane and her family were one of the earliest settlers in the area, and Mary gave birth to the first white baby of the area, a son, William Smith Bennett Jr. who died at an early age.
In 1843, a section of land was divided out of the Great Natchitoches district and Claiborne Parish areas and was called Bossier Parish. The section of land was named in honor of Pierre Evariste John Baptiste Bossier, a former Creole general, who became a cotton farmer in Bossier Parish. He is considered one of the first settlers in the area.
In the 1840s, the Great Western Migration began, and the parish grew in population. Many early settlers passed through the region on their way to the wild West. By 1850, over 200 wagons a week passed through Bossier City. Some of these settlers stayed, attracted by the soil and river valley. In 1850, the census listed the population at around 6,962.
During the Civil War, companies of Confederate soldiers left Cane's Landing aboard steamboats for the distant battlefields. Mrs. Cane hosted hundreds of Confederate officers and troops who were heading off to war. Mrs. Cane's plantation was fortified to protect Shreveport by three batteries, with Fort Kirby Smith in the center. The others were Batteries Price, and Walker & Ewell.
Fort Smith stood near the now Bossier High School, and protected the area from an eastern invasion. The Civil War hit Bossier Parish in 1861, and ended in Shreveport four years later when the Trans-Mississippi Department surrendered.
Shed Road, the first all-weather turnpike in the American South, was constructed in the 1870s and operated from 1874 to 1886. It extended for 9 miles (14 km) from Red Chute to the Red River. There was a plantation at the end of the elevated and covered roadway, which was reached by a ferry boat. The covered road made the transportation of goods easier before the arrival of the railroads.
Classification as a city
Anna B., granddaughter of James and Mary, felt the area would prosper and began promoting the idea of a riverfront city. Anna B. and J. J. Stockwell sold lots in 1883. The area grew quickly, as did transportation through it.
Cane City was said as being incorporated by former Governor Newton C. Blanchard and renamed as the village of Bossier City. Blanchard named a Shreveport businessman, Ewald Max Hoyer, as the first Bossier City mayor. Hoyer continued to reside in what is known as the Bliss-Hoyer House in Shreveport's Highland neighborhood. Bossier City has grown from an area of one square mile to a city containing more than 40 square miles (100 km2). Continued growth led to Bossier City's classification being changed from village to town by Governor John M. Parker. Later, Governor Earl Kemp Long issued a proclamation classifying Bossier City a city.
The "golden spike" commemorated the completion of the east-west Vicksburg, Shreveport and Pacific Railroad. It was driven at Bossier City on July 12, 1884, by Julia "Pansy" Rule. It was the first such spike to be driven by a woman. The north-south Shreveport and Arkansas Railroad was completed on April 6, 1888. The Louisiana-Arkansas Railroad was completed on November 2, 1909. The Dixie Overland Highway from the East to the West Coast was built in 1918. These railroads and highways combined to make Bossier City a hub for future activity.
The discovery of crude oil, to the south, in 1908, thrust Bossier City into the nationwide oil boom. Bossier's central location to the rural oil fields made it a major player in the oil patch. Several international oil companies are located here. The advantages brought by black gold fueled many civic, social and economic improvements.
A fire on June 23, 1925, consumed one-half of downtown Bossier City. Local citizens were unable to battle the blaze. The loss spurred civic improvements including a modern water system capable of fighting such fires, a new City Hall, a modern fire alarm system, modern sidewalks and the first city park.
In the 1930s, construction began on Barksdale Air Force Base. The first unit assigned to Barksdale was the 20th Pursuit Group. Before World War II, Barksdale was a training school for the Army Air Corps. During the war, Barksdale trained pilots, navigators, and bombardiers. Later the base became one of the key bases of the Strategic Air Command in the new Air Force. Barksdale is the headquarters for the 8th Air Force. The land that base is built was purchased by local residents who donated the land to the U.S. Army.
In the 1890s, Cane City had a population of about 600. Bossier City now has a 2012 estimated population of over 64,000. First a cotton-exporting river landing, next a railroad town, then an airbase and oil-boom town, Bossier City is now known for its tourism and casino gambling.
Three casinos in the city have financed a number of municipal projects, many completed during the administration of the late Mayor George Dement. Recent improvements include the CenturyLink Center, Louisiana Boardwalk, Benton Road Overpass, and the Arthur Ray Teague Parkway, located along the eastern side of the Red River. Dement also procured Amtrak service between Bossier City and Dallas, Texas. Dement was succeeded as mayor in 2005 by his administrative assistant and former mayoral opponent from 1989, Lo Walker, the first Republican to hold the city's top executive position.
Bossier City is located at 32°31′4″N 93°41′29″W / 32.51778°N 93.69139°W (32.517651, -93.691397) and has an elevation of 174 feet (53.0 m). The city lies primarily on the banks of the Red River, and has a largely flat topography. The northern city limits are noticeably more hilly than the rest of the city. Many small waterways flow through the city such as Flat River and Red Chute Bayou, which provide drainage for many areas of the city.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 43.2 square miles (111.8 km2), of which 42.4 square miles (109.7 km2) is land and 0.81 square miles (2.1 km2), or 1.89%, is water.
Bossier shares most aspects of its climate with its sister city of Shreveport. The city has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with hot, humid summers and mild winters. During the warmer months, the city is prone to severe thunderstorms which feature heavy rain, high winds, hail, and occasional tornadoes. The city has a slightly above average rate of tornadoes when compared to the US average. Due to the flat topography of the city and the prominence of smaller waterways that are prone to backwater flooding from the Red River, the city occasionally experiences severe flooding events. A notable occurrence of severe flooding occurred in March 2016 after torrential rains caused a rapid rise of many local waterways, displacing upwards of 3500 people from their homes across the area. Freezing and ice storms occasionally occur during the winter months.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 61,315 people, 25,200 households, and 14,901 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,382.6 people per square mile (533.8/km²). There were 23,026 housing units at an average density of 563.9 per square mile (217.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 70.44% White, 18.74% African American, 0.57% Native American, 2.73% Asian, 0.25% Pacific Islander, 1.44% from other races, and 1.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.95% of the population.
There were 23,197 households, out of which 36.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.4% were married couples living together, 15.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.7% were non-families. Nearly 24.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.09.
In the city of Bossier City, the population was spread out with 28.2% under the age of 18, 11.0% from 18 to 24, 30.4% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 11.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 94.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $36,561, and the median income for a family was $42,642. Males had a median income of $30,632 versus $22,174 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,032. About 11.4% of families and 14.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.9% of those under age 18 and 11.3% of those age 65 or over.
Bossier City residents are zoned to Bossier Parish Schools. Public schools in the area are listed below:
- Apollo Elementary School
- Bellaire Elementary School
- Benton Elementary School
- Bossier Elementary School
- Carrie Martin Elementary School
- Central Park Elementary School
- Curtis Elementary School
- Elm Grove Elementary School
- Legacy Elementary School
- Meadowview Elementary School
- Plantation Park Elementary School
- Platt Elementary School
- Princeton Elementary School
- T. L. Rhodes Elementary School
- R.V. Kerr Elementary School
- Stockwell Place Elementary School
- Sun City Elementary School
- W.T. Lewis Elementary School
- Waller Elementary School
- Benton Middle School
- Cope Middle School
- Elm Grove Middle School
- Greenacres Middle School
- Haughton Middle School
- Plain Dealing Middle/High School
- T.O. Rusheon Middle School
- Airline High School
- Benton High School
- Bossier High School
- Haughton High School
- Parkway High School
- Plain Dealing High/Middle School
- Louisiana Tech University at Shreveport-Bossier City
"Bossier City" is a song by David Allan Coe, in which he sings, "And it sure smells like snow in Bossier City..." Johnny Rodriguez recorded a song called "Achin' Bossier City Backyard Blues" in 1972. Turnpike Troubadours 2007 freshman album is entitled Bossier City, and includes the title track "Bossier City."
Sports, gambling, and entertainment
From the 1930s to the 1970s, Bossier was regionally and even nationally known for its entertainment district known as The Bossier Strip, which followed U.S. Highway 80 through the city. Nightclubs proliferated from the Texas Avenue Bridge to the Bossier-Webster parish line. Prior to the 1940s, The Strip was as well known for such entertainment as Las Vegas, Nevada.
Bossier City and Shreveport now share an all-women's flat track roller derby team named the Twin City Knockers. The team is the newest competing sport in the area, founded in January 2010. Bouts are hosted at Hot Wheels skating rink in south Bossier.
The CenturyLink Center (formerly CenturyTel Center) in Bossier City was the home of the Bossier–Shreveport Battle Wings of the AF2 , as well as the Bossier-Shreveport Mudbugs of the Central Hockey League. The arena has hosted top performers, including Britney Spears and Aerosmith, as well as rodeos, ice shows, and children's entertainment.
The city hosts four riverboat casino gambling resorts along the east bank of the Red River: Margaritaville, Horseshoe, Boomtown, and Diamond Jack's. Horse racing and gambling on slot machines is also available at Harrah's Louisiana Downs, which opened in 1974.
- Robert Adley is a Bossier City native and businessman who is a Republican former member of the Louisiana State Senate. A former Democrat, Adley also served in the Louisiana House of Representatives from 1980 to 1996. He resides in the parish seat of Benton.
- Robert E. "Bob" Barton, former member of the Louisiana House of Representatives (1996–2000)
- Walter O. Bigby, attorney; member of the Louisiana House (1968–1979), called the "Dean of the House"
- Frank Blackburn, interim mayor of Bossier City, 1983-1984
- Sherry Boucher, former Hollywood actress and Realtor in Bossier Parish
- Jimmy Boyd, state representative for Bossier Parish from 1944 to 1952
- Henry Newton Brown, Jr., judge of the Louisiana Second Circuit Court of Appeals (1992-2012) and district attorney of Bossier and Webster parishes (1976-1991), is a long-term resident of Bossier City.
- Dewey E. Burchett, Jr., judge of the state district court for Bossier and Webster parishes from 1988 to 2008; former Bossier City city attorney
- Henry Burns is a freshman Republican member of the Louisiana House of Representatives from District 9 (Bossier Parish). He owns the Wooden Spoon bakery in Bossier City. A Haughton resident, he is a former member of the Bossier Parish School Board.
- Jake W. Cameron, mayor of Bossier City from 1957 to 1961
- James L. Cathey, Jr., the mayor of Bossier City from 1973 to 1977 and a law-enforcement officer who served in both the United States Army and the Air Force
- Jeff Cox, judge of Division C of the 26th Judicial District in Bossier and Webster parishes since 2005
- Michael Craig, judge of Division A of the 26th Judicial District Court since 2009
- Tim Dement, amateur boxer who competed in the 1972 Summer Olympics, former Bossier City police detective, and son of former Mayor George Dement
- Vol Dooley, sheriff of Bossier Parish from 1976 to 1988
- Ken Duncan, Louisiana state treasurer from 1996 to 2000; reared in Bossier City in the 1950s
- Hoffman Franklin Fuller, professor-emeritus at Tulane University Law School, authority on tax law, son of Mayor Hoffman L. Fuller
- Hoffman L. Fuller, mayor of Bossier City from 1937 to 1953
- Ryan Gatti, state senator for District 36 since 2016; Bossier City lawyer
- Thomas Hickman, mayor of Bossier City from 1925 to 1937
- Eurlyne Howell, Miss Louisiana USA 1958, Miss USA 1958
- Donald Edward Jones, businessman who served as mayor of Bossier City from 1984 to 1989
- Herman "Wimpy" Jones, a state senator from 1956–1960, served briefly on the Bossier City Council and Planning Commission and operated the Southern Kitchen restaurant.
- Keith Lehr, two-time World Series of Poker bracelet winner, born and resides in Bossier City
- Jared Leto, an actor and musician, was born in Bossier City on December 26, 1971.
- Shannon Leto, drummer of 30 Seconds to Mars and older brother of Jared Leto, was born in Bossier City on March 9, 1970.
- Fred L. Lowery (born 1943), pastor of First Baptist Church of Bossier City, 1983-2013; Christian author
- Judi Ann Mason, born and reared in Shreveport-Bossier, Hollywood screenwriter and producer, wrote "Sister Act 2: Back in the Habit"
- John McConathy (1930-2016), professional basketball player, former superintendent for the Bossier Parish School Board
- Mike McConathy (born 1955), basketball coach at Northwestern State University in Natchitoches since 1999; former basketball coach at Bossier Parish Community College; son of John McConathy
- Burgess McCranie, sixth mayor of Bossier City, 1953-1957, first mayor under former city commission government
- George Nattin, mayor of Bossier City, 1961-1973
- Mike Nerren, judge of the Louisiana 26th Judicial District Court (Division E)
- Enoch T. Nix, banker, member and president of the Louisiana State Board of Education
- Rupert Peyton, journalist, historian, former Louisiana state representative from Caddo Parish
- Alex Pourteau, professional wrestler who worked for both WWE and WCW, was born in Bossier City in 1969.
- O. E. Price, municipal, district, and state appeal court judge from Bossier City
- John M. Robinson, judge of the 26th Judicial District from 1999 to 2014, pending retirement; resides in Bossier City
- Buddy Roemer, former United States Representative from Louisiana's 4th Congressional District (1980–87) and Governor of Louisiana (1988–92)
- Charles E. Roemer, II, farmer, businessman, and politician
- B. J. Ryan is a closer in Major League Baseball for the Toronto Blue Jays of the American League. Previously, Ryan played for the Cincinnati Reds (1999) and Baltimore Orioles (1999–2005).
- Jeffrey D. Sadow, political scientist, columnist, professor at Louisiana State University in Shreveport
- Parker Self - Judge of the Louisiana 26th Judicial District Court since 2004
- Eddy Shell was in 1967 a founding faculty member of Bossier Parish Community College and was a Republican member of the Bossier Parish Police Jury from 1992 until his death.
- Jane H. Smith is the first woman principal, school superintendent, and state legislator from Bossier Parish.
- Jeff R. Thompson, state representative; successor to Jane Smith
- David Toms, a professional golfer, graduated from Airline High School.
- Lorenz Walker is the current mayor of Bossier City.
- Randy Walker, a professional American football player who played for the Green Bay Packers in 1974, graduated from Bossier High School and later Northwestern State University. Walker still holds many punting/kicking records at both schools.
- Todd Walker, a professional baseball player, graduated from Airline High School.
- V. V. Whittington was the president of defunct Bossier Bank and Trust Company and a Louisiana state senator from 1928–1932.
- M. B. Woodward, businessman who served as the second mayor of Bossier City, as a village, 1910 to 1919
- Monty M. Wyche, state district court judge, 1969 to 1988, born in Plain Dealing, resided thereafter in Benton and Bossier City
- T. M. Yarbrough, businessman and mayor of Bossier City from 1919 to 1921
Bossier City is the location of Barksdale Air Force Base, home of the 2nd Bomb Wing, 8th Air Force, and 307th Bomb Wing. It was established February 2, 1933, and is one of the area's largest employers. Barksdale encompasses 22,000 acres (89 km2) and hosts the majority of the B-52 Stratofortresses used by the United States Air Force.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-08-28.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-11-09.
- "Bossier City, Louisiana (LA) Detailed Profile" (notes),City Data, 2007, webpage: City-data.com.
- "Census 2000 Data for the State of Louisiana" (town list), United States Census Bureau, May 2003, webpage: Census.gov.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-08-28.
- LSUS Special Archives. Ferry Log Book.
- http://www.shreveportla.gov/index.aspx?NID=618. Missing or empty
|title=(help); External link in
- http://www.bossiercity.org/Bossier-City-History/. Missing or empty
|title=(help); External link in
- "Bossier City History".
- "Amanda Crane, "'Mr. Bossier' turns 91"". bossierpress.com. Retrieved February 6, 2013.
- "Lo Walker to seek third term as Bossier City mayor, April 12, 2012". KTBS-TV. Retrieved February 3, 2013.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Bossier City (Louisiana). Bossier City Comprehensive Plan. Retrieved on 13 June 2016.
- "Bossier City, Louisiana (LA) profile: population, maps, real estate, averages, homes, statistics, relocation, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, moving, houses, news, sex offenders". www.city-data.com. Retrieved 2016-06-13.
- Vagell, Quincy; Dolce, Chris; Erdman, Jon. "Over 23 Inches of Rain Triggers Historic Flash Flooding, River Flooding In Parts of the South". Retrieved 11 March 2016.
- "Flooding, evacuations continue in Caddo and Bossier parishes". shreveporttimes.com. Retrieved 2016-06-13.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved August 28, 2014.
- Bossier Parish Schools.
- "Home - Louisiana Tech University @ Shreveport - Bossier City".
- Kip Lornell and Tracey E. W. Laird, eds. Shreveport Sounds in Black and White. p. 288. ISBN 9781934110416. Retrieved January 20, 2015.
- "Las vegas casinos and past mob Ties".
- "2005 Red River Classic PRCA Rodeo Cancelled" (PDF). CenturyTel Center, 2005. Retrieved April 22, 2010.
- "Jacob Welch "Jake" Cameron". The Shreveport Times. October 1, 1999. Retrieved January 2, 2015.
- "James L. Cathey, Jr.". findagrave. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- "Judge Jeff Cox". 26jdc.com. Retrieved April 26, 2014.
- "Judge Mike Craig". Louisiana 26th Judicial District Court. Retrieved July 20, 2015.
- "Ken Duncan". classmates.com. Retrieved July 5, 2015.
- "Hoffman Lee Fuller". The Shreveport Times. June 21, 1983. p. 7-A. Retrieved January 3, 2015.
- "About Ryan". rayangatti.com. Retrieved March 30, 2016.
- Clifton D. Cardin (November 19, 2000). "Hickman Family of Bossier Parish". archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com. Retrieved January 5, 2015.
- "O.E. Price obituary". Shreveport Times, February 24, 2006. Retrieved December 12, 2010.
- "Judge Parker Self". 26jdc.com. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
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