British Windward Islands

British Windward Islands
British colony
Flag Badge
"I pede fausto"
(Go with a lucky foot)
"God Save the Queen"
Capital Bridgetown (18711885)
St George's (18851958)¹
Languages English
Government Constitutional monarchy
   1952–1960 (last) Elizabeth II
  1958–1960 (last) Sir Colville Deverell
   Established 1833
  Federation 1871
  Colony of Barbados left 1885
  British Tobago left 1889
  British Dominica joined 1940
  Overseas Territory 1956
   West Indies Federation 1958
  Federation dissolved 31 May 1962
   1958 2,100 km² (811 sq mi)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Colony of Barbados
British Dominica
British Grenada
British Saint Lucia
British St. Vincent and the Grenadines
British Tobago
West Indies Federation
¹ Bridgetown was the capital before 1885

The British Windward Islands was a British colony existing between 1833 and 1960 and consisting of the islands of Grenada, St Lucia, Saint Vincent, the Grenadines, Barbados (the seat of the governor until 1885, when it returned to its former status of a completely separate colony), Tobago (until 1889, when it was joined to Trinidad), and (since 1940) Dominica, previously included in the British Leeward Islands.

The colony was known as the Federal Colony of the Windward Islands from 1871 to June 1956, and then as the Territory of the Windward Islands until its dissolution in 1960.

The capital was Bridgetown on Barbados, from 1871 to 1885, and thereafter Saint George's on Grenada. The islands were not a single colony, but a confederation of separate colonies with a common governor-in-chief, while each island retained its own institutions. The Windward Islands had neither legislature, laws, revenue nor tariff in common. There was, however, a common court of appeal for the group as well as for Barbados, composed of the chief justices of the respective islands, and there was also a common audit system, while the islands united in maintaining certain institutions of general utility.

See also

Sources and references

External links

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 11/15/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.