Location Baltic Sea
Area 5.5 km2 (2.1 sq mi)
Region Region Zealand
Municipality Næstved Municipality
Population 37 (2010)
Pop. density 6.7 /km2 (17.4 /sq mi)

Gavnø is a small Danish island off the west coast of Zealand in Næstved Municipality. Located some 6 km south-west of Næstved, it has an area of 5.6 km2, and, as of 1 January 2010, it has a population of 57.[1] Gavnø is now associated mainly with Gavnø Castle, an impressive Rococo building with an attractive park.[2]

Gavnø Castle

The first historical mention of Gavnø is in King Valdemar's census book from 1231 where a "house on Gavnø" is mentioned. The house was apparently a castle built to defend Denmark's western coasts. In the 15th century, Queen Margaret I opened St Agnes' Priory there, catering for nuns from aristocratic families. The chapel can still be seen in the castle's southern wing although it has since been extended.

In 1737, Count Otto Thott acquired Gavnø. He renovated and substantially extended the castle, creating today's three-winged, yellow-façaded building in the Rococo style where he was able to house his large collections of paintings, manuscripts and books. At his death, his library collection contained over 120,000 volumes, exceeding that of the Danish National Library. The park surrounding the castle is known for its rare trees, rose garden and, above all, its extensive display of bulbs.[3][4]

See also


  1. "Danmarks Statistik." Retrieved 19 June 2010.
  2. "Gavnø", Den store Danske, (Danish) Retrieved 19 June 2010.
  3. "Gavnø's history", []. (Danish) Retrieved 19 June 2010.
  4. "Thott, Otto Greve", Dansk Biografisk Leksikon vol XVII, p. 341. (Danish) Retrieved 20 June 2010.

External links

Coordinates: 55°11′19″N 11°43′28″E / 55.18861°N 11.72444°E / 55.18861; 11.72444

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 11/30/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.