Mihrişah Sultan

For the French second concubine of Ottoman Sultan Ahmed III, and the mother of Mustafa III, see Emine Mihrişah Kadınefendi.
This is an Ottoman Turkish style name. Mihrişah is the given name, the title is Sultan, and there is no family name.
Mihrişah Sultan

The türbe (mausoleum) of Mihrişah Sultan
Valide Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Tenure 7 April 1789 – 16 October 1805
Predecessor Emine Mihrişah Sultan
Successor Ayşe Seniyeperver Sultan
Baş Kadın of the Ottoman Empire
Tenure 21 July 1764 – 21 January 1774
Predecessor Aynülhayat Kadınefendi
Successor Ayşe Kadınefendi
İkinci Kadın of the Ottoman Empire
Tenure 1761 – 21 July 1764
Predecessor Fehmi Kadınefendi
Successor Rif’at Kadınefendi
Born Agnes
c. 1745
Died 16 October 1805 (aged 60)
Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
Spouse Mustafa III
Issue Selim III
Religion Islam, previously Eastern Orthodoxy

Mihrişah Sultan (also spelled Mihr-i Şāh; c. 1745 – 16 October 1805), known as "the Georgian Beauty", was the consort to Ottoman Sultan Mustafa III, and the mother of Sultan Selim III and his de facto co-regent (as the Valide Sultan) for sixteen years from 1789 until 1805.

Of ethnic Georgian origin,[1][2] she was the daughter of a Georgian Orthodox priest.[3][4] Her given name is believed to have been Agnès (Georgian: აგნესა/Agnesa). She was beautiful,[5] and was called "the Georgian Beauty" (Turkish: Gürcü güzeli).[6][7] She received the name Mihr-î-Şah, meaning "Sun of the king".

She is described as a willing protagonist of the reforms of her son's reign. She was especially preoccupied in reforming the military schools and establishing diplomatic corps. She occasionly approached her son to beg a favour or an act of mercy. She founded many schools and mosques in the 1790s. In 1795, she founded the Mihrişah Valide Sultan School and Külliye in the region of Eyüp in Istanbul. In 1805, she ordered the construction of the Mihrişah Valide Sultan Fountain in Yeniköy in İstanbul. The imaret, which was built by the order of Mihrişah, is still in working order. She was the subject of a poem. Mihrişah Valide Sultan and her son Selim III were both members of the Mevlevi Order, which practiced Sufi whirling.

Styles of
Reference style Devletli İsmetli Mihrişah Valide Sultan Aliyyetü'ş-şân Hazretleri


  1. Gabor Agoston; Bruce Alan Masters (1 January 2009). Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire. Infobase Publishing. p. 514. ISBN 978-1-4381-1025-7.
  2. E.J. Brill's First Encyclopaedia of Islam 1913-1936. BRILL. 31 December 1987. p. 1117. ISBN 90-04-08265-4.
  3. H. Mirgül Eren Griffe (2005). Galip Ali Paşa Rızvanbegovic-Stocevic. Babil. p. 55. Ortodoks bir Gürcü papazın kızı olan Mihrişah
  4. Y. İzzettin Barış (2002). Osmanlı padişahlarının yaşamlarından kesitler, hastalıkları ve ölüm sebepleri. Bilimsel Tıp Yayınevi. p. 184. ISBN 978-975-6986-17-2. Selim'in annesi olan Mihrişah, Gürcistan'dan kaçırılan bir papazın kızıydı
  5. Albert Hourani; Philip Shukry Khoury; Mary Christina Wilson (1 January 1993). The Modern Middle East: A Reader. University of California Press. p. 42. ISBN 978-0-520-08240-3. beautiful Georgian slave-girl named Mihr-i Şāh
  6. Osmanlı tarihi: cilt. Nizam-ı cedid ve Tanzimat devirleri, 1789-1856. Türk Tarih Kurumu Basımevi. 1961. pp. 13, 16. Gürcü güzeli Mihrişah
  7. Osman Horata (1998). Esrâr Dede: hayatı, şiir dünyası ve dı̂vânı. T.C. Kültür Bakanlığı. ISBN 978-975-17-1954-6. Selim'in Gürcü güzeli ... annesi Mihrişah
Ottoman royalty
Preceded by
Fehmi Kadınefendi
İkinci Kadınefendi
1761 – 21 July 1764
Succeeded by
Rif’at Kadınefendi
Preceded by
Aynülhayat Kadınefendi
Baş Kadınefendi
21 July 1764 – 21 January 1774
Succeeded by
Ayşe Kadınefendi
Preceded by
Emine Mihrişah Sultan
Valide Sultan
7 April 1789 – 16 October 1805
Succeeded by
Ayşe Seniyeperver Sultan
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