Kharan (princely state)

Princely state of Pakistan
1697–14 October 1955


Map of Pakistan with Kharan highlighted
Capital Kharan
  Established 1697
  Disestablished 14 October 1955
Area 48,051 km2 (18,553 sq mi)
Today part of Balochistan, Pakistan
Government of Balochistan
Map of the Baluchistan Agency.
This article is part of the series
Former administrative units of Pakistan

The State of Kharan (Urdu: ریاست خاران) was an autonomous princely state in a subsidiary alliance with British India, until the departure of the British from the subcontinent in August 1947. it was fully independent, until March 1948, when its ruler signed an Instrument of Accession to Pakistan, retaining the state's internal self-government. In 1955 Kharan was incorporated into Pakistan.

The territory once covered by Kharan is today part of the province of Balochistan, in the southwest of Pakistan.


The state of Kharan was established in about 1697 CE as a vassal state of Kalat, a status which remained until 1940. On 17 March 1948, Kharan acceded to Pakistan and on 3 October 1952 it joined the Baluchistan States Union. Mir Habibullah Nousherwani acceded to Pakistan stating:

Kalat doesn't have legitimacy to decide fate of Kharan. We announce our integration with Pakistan and we shall not tolerate further interference by ruling elite of Kalat.

The state was dissolved on 14 October 1955 when most regions of the western wing of Pakistan were merged to form the province of West Pakistan. When that province was dissolved in 1970, the territory of the former state of Kharan was organised as Kharan District of the province of Baluchistan (later Balochistan).


Nausherwani (نوشیروانی) are considered Nawabs of Kharan and Washuk. Most respected family in Balochistan,Nausherwanis are divided into two sub tribes:first the Nawabs of Kharan, and second the sardars of Makran.The population of the state was mainly Baloch tribes, with some Brahui scattered across the area..


The hereditary rulers of Kharan held the title of Mir and from 1921 were also styled Sardar Bahadur Nawab.

Date of ReignRulers of Kharan[1]
1810-?Mir Abbas Khan Baloch
1833–1885Mir Azad Khan Baloch
1885–1909Mir Nowruz Khan Baloch
1909–1911Mir Mohammad Yaqub Khan Baloch
1911–1955Nawab Mir Habibullah Khan Nousherwani Baloch
14 October 1955State merged into West Pakistan

See also


  1. Ben Cahoon, "Pakistan Princely States". Retrieved 2007-10-03.

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