Official Congressional Directory

This article is about the directory to a single Congress. For the directory of every member since 1789, see Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
This article is about the directory to a single Congress. For the directory of photographs of members of each Congress since 1953, see Congressional Pictorial Directory.

The Official Congressional Directory (also known as Congressional Directory) is the official directory of the United States Congress, prepared by the Joint Committee on Printing (JCP) and published by the United States Government Printing Office (GPO) since 1888. Directories since the 104th Congress (1995–1997) are available online from the Government Publishing Office. Per federal statute (44 USC 721) the Directory is published and distributed during the first session of each new Congress.[1] It is a designated essential title distributed to Federal depository libraries and the current edition is available for purchase from GPO.


The foreword notes: The Congressional Directory is one of the oldest working handbooks within the United States Government. While there were unofficial directories for Congress in one form or another beginning with the 1st Congress in 1789, the Congressional Directory published in 1847 for the 30th Congress is considered by scholars and historians to be the first official edition because it was the first to be ordered and paid for by Congress. With the addition of biographical sketches of legislators in 1867, the Congressional Directory attained its modern format.[2]

Each bi-annual edition includes:


Further reading

19th century




20th century






21st century

External links

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