United States Senate elections, 1968
The United States Senate elections, 1968 were elections for the United States Senate which coincided with the presidential election. Although Richard Nixon won the presidential election narrowly, the Republicans picked up five net seats in the Senate. Republicans would gain another seat after the election when Alaska Republican Ted Stevens was appointed to replace Democrat Bob Bartlett.
Change in Senate composition
Before the elections
As a result of the elections
At the beginning of the next Congress
Incumbents who retired
- Kansas: Frank Carlson (R) was replaced by Bob Dole (R).
- Kentucky: Thruston Ballard Morton (R) was replaced by Marlow W. Cook (R).
- Arizona: Carl Hayden (D) was replaced by Barry Goldwater (R), who gave up Arizona's other Senate seat in 1964 to run for president.
- Florida: George Smathers (D) was replaced by Edward J. Gurney (R), the first Republican to represent Florida in the U.S. Senate since Reconstruction.
Incumbents who lost their seats
- Alaska: Ernest Gruening (D) lost renomination to Mike Gravel (D), who later won the general election.
- Missouri: Edward V. Long (D) lost renomination to Thomas Eagleton (D), who later won the general election.
- California: Thomas Kuchel (R) lost renomination to Max Rafferty (R), who later lost the general election to Alan Cranston (D).
- Maryland: Daniel Brewster (D) lost re-election to Charles Mathias, Jr. (R)
- Ohio: Frank J. Lausche (D) lost renomination to John J. Gilligan (D), who later lost the general election to William B. Saxbe (R).
- Oklahoma: A. S. Mike Monroney (D), lost re-election to Henry Bellmon (R).
- Oregon: Wayne Morse (D), lost re-election to Bob Packwood (R).
- Pennsylvania: Joseph S. Clark (D), lost re-election to Richard Schweiker (R).
- Alaska: Bob Bartlett (D) died December 11, 1968 and Ted Stevens (R) was appointed December 24, 1968.
Complete list of races
A bolded state name indicates an article about that state's election.
All seats were class 3.
|Alabama||J. Lister Hill||Democratic|| Retired
| James Allen (Democratic) 70.0%|
Perry O. Hooper, Sr. (Republican) 22.1%
Robert Schwenn (Independent) 8.0%
|Alaska||Ernest Gruening||Democratic|| Lost renomination & Re-election as a Democratic Write-In
| Mike Gravel (Democratic) 45.1%|
Elmer E. Rasmuson (Republican) 37.4%
Ernest Gruening (Democratic Write-In) 17.4%
|Arizona||Carl Hayden||Democratic|| Retired
| Barry Goldwater (Republican) 57.2%|
Roy Elson (Democratic) 42.8%
|Arkansas||J. William Fulbright||Democratic||Re-elected|| J. William Fulbright (Democratic) 59.2%|
Charles T. Bernard (Republican) 40.9%
|California||Thomas Kuchel||Republican|| Lost renomination
| Alan Cranston (Democratic) 51.8%|
Max Rafferty (Republican) 46.9%
Paul Jacobs (Peace & Freedom) 1.3%
|Colorado||Peter H. Dominick||Republican||Re-elected|| Peter H. Dominick (Republican) 58.6%|
Stephen L.R. McNichols (Democratic) 41.5%
|Connecticut||Abraham A. Ribicoff||Democratic||Re-elected|| Abraham A. Ribicoff (Democratic) 54.3%|
Edwin H. May, Jr. (Republican) 45.7%
|Florida||George Smathers||Democratic|| Retired
| Edward J. Gurney (Republican) 55.9%|
LeRoy Collins (Democratic) 44.1%
|Georgia||Herman Talmadge||Democratic||Re-elected|| Herman Talmadge (Democratic) 77.5%|
E. Earl Patton (Republican) 22.5%
|Hawaii||Daniel Inouye||Democratic||Re-elected|| Daniel Inouye (Democratic) 83.4%|
Wayne C. Thiessen (Republican) 15.0%
|Idaho||Frank Church||Democratic||Re-elected|| Frank Church (Democratic) 60.3%|
George V. Hansen (Republican) 39.7%
|Illinois||Everett Dirksen||Republican||Re-elected|| Everett Dirksen (Republican) 53.0%|
William G. Clark (Democratic) 46.6%
|Indiana||Birch Bayh||Democratic||Re-elected|| Birch Bayh (Democratic) 51.7%|
William Ruckelshaus (Republican) 48.2%
|Iowa||Bourke B. Hickenlooper||Republican|| Retired
| Harold Hughes (Democratic) 50.3%|
David M. Stanley (Republican) 49.7%
|Kansas||Frank Carlson||Republican|| Retired
| Bob Dole (Republican) 60.1%|
William I. Robinson (Democratic) 38.7%
|Kentucky||Thruston Ballard Morton||Republican|| Retired
| Marlow W. Cook (Republican) 51.4%|
Katherine Peden (Democratic) 47.6%
|Louisiana||Russell B. Long||Democratic||Re-elected||Russell B. Long (Democratic) Unopposed|
|Maryland||Daniel Brewster||Democratic|| Lost re-election
| Charles Mathias, Jr. (Republican) 47.8%|
Daniel Brewster (Democratic) 39.1%
George P. Mahoney (American Independent) 13.1%
|Missouri||Edward V. Long||Democratic|| Lost renomination
| Thomas Eagleton (Democratic) 51.1%|
Thomas B. Curtis (Republican) 48.9%
|Nevada||Alan Bible||Democratic||Re-elected|| Alan Bible (Democratic) 54.8%|
Ed Fike (Republican) 45.2%
|New Hampshire||Norris Cotton||Republican||Re-elected|| Norris Cotton (Republican) 59.3%|
John W. King (Democratic) 40.7%
|New York||Jacob K. Javits||Republican||Re-elected|| Jacob K. Javits (Republican) 49.7%|
Paul O'Dwyer (Democratic) 32.7%
James L. Buckley (Conservative) 17.3%
|North Carolina||Sam Ervin||Democratic||Re-elected|| Sam Ervin (Democratic) 60.6%|
Robert V. Somers (Republican) 39.4%
|North Dakota||Milton Young||Republican||Re-elected|| Milton Young (Republican) 64.6%|
Herschel Lashkowitz (Democratic) 33.7%
|Ohio||Frank J. Lausche||Democratic|| Lost renomination
| William B. Saxbe (Republican) 51.5%|
John J. Gilligan (Democratic) 48.5%
|Oklahoma||A. S. Mike Monroney||Democratic|| Lost re-election
| Henry Bellmon (Republican) 51.7%|
A. S. Mike Monroney (Democratic) 46.2%
|Oregon||Wayne Morse||Democratic|| Lost re-election
| Bob Packwood (Republican) 50.2%|
Wayne Morse (Democratic) 49.8%
|Pennsylvania||Joseph S. Clark||Democratic|| Lost re-election
| Richard Schweiker (Republican) 51.9%|
Joseph S. Clark (Democratic) 45.8%
|South Carolina||Ernest Hollings||Democratic||Re-elected|| Ernest Hollings (Democratic) 61.9%|
Marshall Parker (Republican) 38.1%
|South Dakota||George McGovern||Democratic||Re-elected|| George McGovern (Democratic) 56.8%|
Archie M. Gubbrud (Republican) 43.2%
|Utah||Wallace F. Bennett||Republican||Re-elected|| Wallace F. Bennett (Republican) 53.7%|
Milton N. Wellenmann (Democratic) 45.8%
|Vermont||George Aiken||Republican||Re-elected|| George Aiken (Republican) 99.9%|
|Washington||Warren G. Magnuson||Democratic||Re-elected|| Warren G. Magnuson (Democratic) 64.4%|
Jack Metcalf (Republican) 35.3%
|Wisconsin||Gaylord Nelson||Democratic||Re-elected|| Gaylord Nelson (Democratic) 61.7%|
Jerris Leonard (Republican) 38.3%
- United States elections, 1968
- 90th United States Congress
- 91st United States Congress