Xunhua Salar Autonomous County

Xunhua County (pink) within Haidong Prefecture (yellow) within Qinghai

Xunhua Salar Autonomous County (Chinese: 循化撒拉族自治县; pinyin: Xúnhuà Sǎlázú Zìzhìxiàn; Salar: Göxdeñiz Velayat Yisır Salır Özbaşdak Yurt) is an autonomous Salar county in the southeast of Haidong Prefecture of Qinghai Province, China. The county has an area of around 2,100 square kilometres (810 sq mi) and approximately 110,000 inhabitants (2002). In the east it borders on the province of Gansu, in the south and the west to the Huangnan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, its postal code is 811100, and its capital is the town of Jishi.

The Salar language is the official language in Xunhua, as in all Salar autonomous areas.[1]

As of April 2009 Xunhua is also the site of a mosque containing the oldest hand-written copy of the Quran in China, believed to have been written sometime between the 8th and 13th centuries.[2]

Xunhua county is the location of the Bronze Age necropolis Suzhi (Suzhi mudi 苏志墓地) of the Kayue culture.

Ethnic groups in Xunhua, 2000 census

On the Yellow River near Xunhua
Nationality Population Percentage
Salar Turkic 63,859 61.14%
Tibetan 25,783 24.68%
Hui 8,155 7.81%
Han 6,217 5.95%
Tu 134 0.13%
Dongxiang 116 0.11%
Mongol 39 0.04%
Qiang 35 0.03%
Bonan 22 0.02%
Blang 18 0.02%
Buyei 12 0.01%
Others 62 0.06%

See also


  1. Fèlix Martí (2005). Fèlix Martí, ed. Words and worlds: world languages review (illustrated ed.). Multilingual Matters. p. 123. ISBN 1-85359-827-5. Retrieved 2011-06-03.
  2. http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2009-04/09/content_11159058.htm

Coordinates: 35°51′N 102°29′E / 35.85°N 102.49°E / 35.85; 102.49

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