Hida Province's castle town was Takayama. Hida had extensive forests and was a major source of timber and metals for other provinces. River traffic from Hida down to Mino and Owari Provinces was heavy.
In 1585, Kanamori Nagachika, one of Oda Nobunaga's and later Toyotomi Hideyoshi's generals, was sent to occupy Hida Province and became its lord. He fought on the side of Tokugawa Ieyasu at the Battle of Sekigahara and his heirs held the province through the Edo Period.
- Gifu Prefecture
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
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