Cumberland Valley

For the similarly-named valley in Tennessee, see Cumberland River.
Cumberland Valley

The Great Appalachian Valley includes the Cumberland Valley (7) depicted southeast of the Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians and between the Lebanon (8) and Shenandoah (9) valleys.

Cumberland Valley

Location Cumberland County, Pennsylvania
Franklin County, Pennsylvania
Washington County, Maryland
Floor elevation 600 ft (180 m)
Long-axis direction northeast-southwest
Long-axis length 73 miles (117 km)
Width 12 miles (19 km)
Bounded by Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians (west/north)
South Mountain (east/south)
Susquehanna River (east)
Potomac River (south)
Coordinates 39°56′N 77°43′W / 39.93°N 77.72°W / 39.93; -77.72Coordinates: 39°56′N 77°43′W / 39.93°N 77.72°W / 39.93; -77.72
Population centers In Pennsylvania: Harrisburg, Carlisle, Mechanicsburg, Shippensburg, Chambersburg, Greencastle, Waynesboro
In Maryland: Hagerstown

The Cumberland Valley is a northern constituent valley of the Great Appalachian Valley, within the Atlantic Seaboard watershed in Pennsylvania and Maryland. The Appalachian Trail crosses through the valley.


The valley is bound to the west and north by the Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians (Bear Pond Mountains/Blue Mountain), to the east and south by South Mountain, to the northeast by the Susquehanna River at Harrisburg, and to the south by the Potomac River. The portion of the valley residing in Maryland is sometimes referred to as the Hagerstown Valley.

The Cumberland Valley Railroad, the Cumberland Valley AVA wine region, and the Cumberland Valley School District are named for the region.[1]


Cities in the Cumberland Valley include Harrisburg, Pennsylvania,[2] and Hagerstown, Maryland. Pennsylvania boroughs include Camp Hill, Mechanicsburg, Carlisle, Shippensburg, Chambersburg, Waynesboro, and Greencastle.

See also

Aerial view of a portion of the Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians forming the northern edge of the Cumberland Valley. Named features in image include Flat Rock, Mount Dempsey, Bloserville, and Bowers Mountain.


External links

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