Panchalingeshwara temple at Hooli

Location in Karnataka, India

Coordinates: 15°47′00″N 75°07′00″E / 15.7833°N 75.1167°E / 15.7833; 75.1167Coordinates: 15°47′00″N 75°07′00″E / 15.7833°N 75.1167°E / 15.7833; 75.1167
Country  India
State Karnataka
District Belgaum
  Official Kannada
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
ISO 3166 code IN-KA
Vehicle registration KA-24
Nearest city Saundatti
Website karnataka.gov.in

Hooli is in Belgaum District in Karnataka India. It is about 9 km from Saundatti. Hooli has so many temples, each has its own well. Even the remotest location on the hills has temples.

One of the oldest villages in the Belgaum District, it is famous for Panchaligeswara temple. Some of the other ruined temples waiting for conservation and restoration. On the outskirts of Hooli is the Trikuteshwara Temple. The village is historically rich, boasting of a ruined fort atop a hill, numerous temples and many freedom fighters. Hooli has been under the rule of the Ratta's of Saundatti, Patwardhans of Ramdurg and most of the temples here are of Chalukya architecture and were initially Jain Basti's indicating a Chalukya rule. The name of the village is a corrupted form of PooValli meaning a flowery ear ornament. The village was also called MahishpatiNagar in ancient times.

Hooli Panchalingeshwara temple
Hooli Panchalingeshwara temple

Hooli temples

Panchalingeshwara temple Hooli

Hooli Panchalingeshwara temple

The nice architecture of Hooli Panchalingeshwar Temple is to be adored. It is a protected monument that comes under Archaeological Survey of India. Earlier, during summer afternoons people used to rest in the shade of this temple. Because the temple was made of stone, it was unbelievably cool even in the scorching summer.[1]

Opposite the Panchalingeshwara temple is the relatively modern Hari Mandir. The Sant Culture or Nath tradition influenced heavily by Jnaneshwar flourished here.

Conservation and restoration

Ruined temples at Hooli
Ruined temples at Hooli
Ruined temples at Hooli
Ruined temples at Hooli
Ruined temples at Hooli

Other than Panchalingeshwara Temple, Hooli has many other old temples; most of them are now in ruins due to negligence. One can be amazed by the sculptures and carvings on the stone. Most of the temples have their floor dug up for treasure hunts, so much is lost and stolen.

Other temples at Hooli are[2]

These temples are in need of conservation and restoration.

Tourism Plans (Unconfirmed as of December 2013)

There probably are plans or proposals to convert the Panchlingeshwar Temple site to a tourist destination. To achieve this objective, the concerned central/state department has performed survey and has been in discussion with the local people. This development may involve the demolition of local houses within the perimeter of some 100–200 meters. In case this happens, it would be a great shame, as this very structures, most of them mud houses surrounding the temple are also a part of the village history and carry invaluable importance to the local architecture settings. In India, the lessons needs to be derived from observing how some of the world heritage sites around the world, is being preserved and more importantly recreated as its original state.

An ideal solution to preserve the architecture and as well encourage tourism is to develop a tourism infrastructure outside the village and then facilitate organized tours to the temple. Hotels, restaurants, shops, parking places etc. should not be allowed to flourish anywhere within the existing village or nearby the temple site and instead be located outside the village. If required, evacuate the population in affected perimeter, but preserve each and every structures as they are and convert them to museums. The village Hooli is still alive with activity and its surroundings has lot of history and architecture to share with tourists and fill few museums around the site.

Any development in the vicinity of the site is going to be disastrous, difficult to maintain, and lose the charm of the very architecture piece, that is being showcased. Not to say that the impacted villagers will not only lose their ancestral home, but instead become detached from the village itself, where, their ancestors once upon a time created and served this archaeological masterpiece. Rather, the old mud houses should be maintained as they are and there owners / residents should be made partners in their conservation. For someone, who has experienced and lived in the village 30 or 40 years back, which once had streets paved with cobbled stones, the ruins of temple around the village which had number of precious architecture pieces, is now all but stolen or destroyed. Further degradation is not necessary in name of the preservation and encouraging tourism.

Shivakashi Stream

Shivakashi Valley seems to be a place which was once densely covered by trees. At this location you can find the marks left by monsoon springs and water falls. Based on stories from village elders there were tigers once upon a time. Village folks hunted them off decades ago.

The location otherwise is dotted with many temples and wells. There is a Dhyan Mandir used by Krishnaraj Swamiji as the legend has it. The view from the top of the hill is picturesque. The water cascades down at various levels and flows to join the lake in front of KereSiddeshwara Temple.

Hooli Surname

Ancestors born & brought up at this place migrated to nearby villages over a long period of time, they were referred to as people from "Hooli", hence many families have their surnames as "Hooli".

However, the most common surnames in the village itself are Kulkarni, Patil, Chikkareddi. These families have been living in the same area for hundreds of years now and every family is invariably interrelated.

See also


Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hooli.
  1. "HOOLI PANCHALINGESHWAR TEMPLE". Archived from the original on 2009-03-09. Retrieved 2008-08-07.
  2. "Monuments at Hooli". Archived from the original on 2008-12-01. Retrieved 2008-11-20.
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