James H. Duncan

James Henry Duncan
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 3rd district
In office
March 4, 1849  March 3, 1853
Preceded by Amos Abbott
Succeeded by J. Wiley Edmands
Member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives
In office
Personal details
Born December 5, 1793
Haverhill, Massachusetts
Died February 8, 1869 (aged 75)
Haverhill, Massachusetts
Political party Whig

James Henry Duncan (December 5, 1793 February 8, 1869) was a member of the United States House of Representatives from Massachusetts.

Born in Haverhill, Massachusetts, he attended Phillips Exeter Academy, and graduated from Harvard University in 1812. He studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1815 and commenced practice in Haverhill.

He was an active militia officer, and attained the rank of colonel. He was president of the Essex Agricultural Society, and member of the State House of Representatives in 1827, 1837, 1838, and again in 1857. He served in the State senate from 1828 to 1831. He was a delegate to the Whig National Convention at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania in 1839. He was appointed Commissioner-in-Bankruptcy in 1841.

He was elected as a Whig to the Thirty-first and Thirty-second Congresses (March 4, 1849 March 3, 1853).

Following his political career he was engaged in the real-estate business. He died in Haverhill, aged 75, and was interred in Linwood Cemetery. His daughter Margaret Duncan married Stephen Henry Phillips on October 3, 1871.[1]

James H. Duncan is the namesake of Duncan, Illinois.[2]


  1. Robert S. Rantoul (1888). Duane Hamilton Hurd, ed. History of Essex County, Massachusetts: with Biographical Sketches of Many of its Pioneers and Prominent Men. 1. Philadelphia: J.W. Lewis & Company. pp. xlviii – li.
  2. Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 110.
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Amos Abbott
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 3rd congressional district

March 4, 1849 – March 3, 1853
Succeeded by
J. Wiley Edmands

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