Traverse City, Michigan

Traverse City, Michigan
City of Traverse City

Official Logo
Nickname(s): Traverse, "T.C.", The Cherry Capital (of the World), Cherryland, The Coast Guard City, Queen City (of the North)

Location of Traverse City within Grand Traverse County, Michigan
Traverse City, Michigan

Location in the United States

Coordinates: 44°46′05″N 85°37′20″W / 44.76806°N 85.62222°W / 44.76806; -85.62222Coordinates: 44°46′05″N 85°37′20″W / 44.76806°N 85.62222°W / 44.76806; -85.62222
Country United States
State Michigan
Counties Grand Traverse, Leelanau
Incorporated 1891 (village)
Incorporated 1895 (city)
  Type Council-Manager
  Mayor Jim Carruthers[1]
  City manager Penny Hill (Interim)
  City 8.66 sq mi (22.43 km2)
  Land 8.33 sq mi (21.57 km2)
  Water 0.33 sq mi (0.85 km2)
Elevation 626 ft (191 m)
Population (2010)[3]
  City 14,674
  Estimate (2012[4]) 14,911
  Density 1,761.6/sq mi (680.2/km2)
  Metro 144,411 (US: 5th micro)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
  Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 49684, 49685, 49686, 49696
Area code(s) 231
FIPS code 26-80340
GNIS feature ID 1615042[5]

Traverse City (/ˈtrævərs ˈsɪti/ or local /ˈtrævər.sɪti/) is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan. It is the county seat of Grand Traverse County,[6] although a small portion extends into Leelanau County. It is the largest city in the 21-county Northern Michigan region. The population was 14,674 at the 2010 census, with 143,372 in the Traverse City micropolitan area.

The Traverse City area is the largest producer of tart cherries in the United States.[7] Near the time of cherry harvest, the city hosts the annual week-long National Cherry Festival in the first full week of July, attracting approximately 500,000 visitors annually.[8] The surrounding countryside also produces grapes, and is one of the centers of wine production in the Midwest.[9] Tourism, both summer and winter, is another key industry. The Traverse City area features varied natural attractions, including freshwater beaches, vineyards, a National Lakeshore, downhill skiing areas, and numerous forests.[10] In 2009, TripAdvisor named Traverse City the number two small town travel destination in the United States.[11] In 2012, the city was listed among the 10 best places to retire in the U.S., by U.S. News.[12]


Traverse City is named after the Grand Traverse Bay, which the city heads. The bay earned its name from 18th-century French voyageurs who made la grande traverse,[lower-alpha 1] or "the long crossing", across the mouth of bay.[14] On Old Mission peninsula, Rev Peter Doughtery started the first permanent settlement in 1839.[15]

Downtown Traverse City as viewed from West Grand Traverse Bay

In 1847, Captain Boardman of Naperville, Illinois, purchased the land at the mouth of the Boardman River at the head of the west arm of the bay. During that year the captain, his son, and their employees built a dwelling and sawmill near the mouth of the river. In 1851 the Boardmans sold the sawmill to Hannah, Lay & Co (Perry Hannah, Albert Tracy Lay and James Morgan), who improved the mill greatly. The increased investment in the mill attracted additional settlers to the new community.

As of 1853, the only operating post office in the Grand Traverse Bay region was the one located at Old Mission, which was then known as "Grand Traverse". While in Washington, D.C. in 1852, Mr. Lay had succeeded in getting the U.S. Post Office to authorize a new post office at his newer settlement. As the newer settlement had become known as "Grand Traverse City", Lay proposed this name for its post office, but the Post Office Department clerk suggested dropping the "Grand" from the name, as to limit confusion between this new office and the one at nearby Old Mission. Mr. Lay agreed to the name "Traverse City" for the post office, and the village took on this name.

In December 1872, rail service arrived in Traverse City via a Traverse City Rail Road Company spur from the Grand Rapids and Indiana Railroad line at Walton Junction. This opened up the area to settlement and industrial development.


Its location near the 45th parallel is tempered by the strong and moderating effects of Lake Michigan and Grand Traverse Bay, which have a particularly noteworthy effect on the peninsulas that branch north of the city. As a result, they have viticulture and Cherry orchards.[16] Consequently, it generally experiences warm, mild summers and severe winters. Lake Michigan especially, but also Grand Traverse Bay, greatly impact the area's diverse coastal weather patterns, which occasionally consist of sudden and/or large amounts of precipitation during the seasonally active periods. Lake-effect snowfall constitutes a large percentage of the total annual snow accumulation, which averages around 80 inches (203 cm).[17] Periods of snowfall typically last from November to April, although light snow as late as May or as early as late September sometimes occur.

Traverse City's record high temperature is 105 °F (41 °C), recorded in 1936, and its low temperature is −33 °F (−36 °C), recorded on February 17, 1979.

Climate data for Traverse City Airport, Michigan (1981-2010 normals, extremes 1896)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 59
Average high °F (°C) 27.8
Average low °F (°C) 15.2
Record low °F (°C) −21
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.82
Average snowfall inches (cm) 23.1
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 17.0 12.3 11.4 10.9 10.4 9.7 8.5 9.9 12.0 13.1 14.6 16.0 145.8
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 12.6 8.9 5.6 2.3 0.1 0 0 0 0 0.3 4.8 11.7 46.3
Source #1: NOAA [18]
Source #2: NOAA NOWData [19]


Boardman River between downtown Traverse City and Grand Traverse Bay

Traverse City is a part of the greater Northern Michigan region. The city is the main inland port of the Grand Traverse Bay—a long, natural harbor separated from the waters of Lake Michigan by the Leelanau Peninsula, and divided longitudinally almost evenly by a narrow peninsula of tiered hillsides and farmland called Old Mission Peninsula.

The most prominent of the city's waterways is the Boardman River. Along with Boardman Lake, the river is part of the Boardman River Watershed. The Boardman’s 287-square-mile (740 km2) watershed contributes one-third of the water volume to the bay and is one of Michigan’s top-ten fisheries, with more than 36 miles (58 km) of its 179 miles (288 km) designated as a Blue Ribbon trout fishery.[20] It is also a state-designated "Natural River".[21]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.66 square miles (22.43 km2), of which, 8.33 square miles (21.57 km2) of it is land and 0.33 square miles (0.85 km2) is water.[2]



Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 201515,218[22]3.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
2012 estimate

2010 census

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 14,674 people, 6,675 households, and 3,369 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,761.6 inhabitants per square mile (680.2/km2). There were 7,358 housing units at an average density of 883.3 per square mile (341.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.4% White, 0.7% African American, 1.8% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.9% of the population.

There were 6,675 households of which 22.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.6% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 49.5% were non-families. 38.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.08 and the average family size was 2.77.

The median age in the city was 40.8 years. 18.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.7% were from 25 to 44; 28.3% were from 45 to 64; and 16.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.4% male and 52.6% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 14,532 people, 6,443 households, and 3,485 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,728.7 per square mile (667.2/km²). There were 6,842 housing units at an average density of 813.9 per square mile (314.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.00% White, 0.65% African American, 0.98% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.48% from other races, and 1.36% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.67% of the population.

There were 6,443 households out of which 24.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.7% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.9% were non-families. 35.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the city the population was spread out with 20.3% under the age of 18, 10.8% from 18 to 24, 29.6% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 15.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 90.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $37,330, and the median income for a family was $46,912. Males had a median income of $31,587 versus $22,512 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,247. About 4.8% of families and 8.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.2% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.


Traverse City is a home rule charter city under the Home Rule Cities Act, incorporated on May 18, 1895. The city is governed by six commissioners and a mayor, elected at-large. Together they comprise a seven-member legislative body. The commission appoints a city manager who serves as chief executive for city operations.


The Traverse City Area Public Schools is the primary school district of Traverse City. It used to have a school in Leelanau County, but now it is only in Grand Traverse County. The district currently has 13 elementary schools, two middle schools, three high schools, one Montessori school, and one international school. Additionally, Traverse City has a few academies, Lutheran and Christian schools, charter schools, and Montessori schools.

Along with 13 public elementary schools[24]


Tourists crowd Clinch Park Beach during summer months in Traverse City

Most of Traverse City's economy is based on tourism. As part of the 2011 tourism advertising campaign the Traverse City Visitors Bureau, Traverse City Cherry Capital Airport and local businesses sponsored a video to be played on all Delta flights in the month of June 2011.[25] The National Cherry Festival, usually in the first week of July, tends to host hundreds of thousands of tourists and locals to the area. It has become a focal point within the craft brewing trend. In November Beer Week is celebrated, with tours of breweries including samplings of craft brews, dinners and workshops.[26]


Traverse City has many nicknames. "T.C." Is used by many locals. "Up North" is used by people in southern and central Michigan. "Cherryland U.S.A." and "The Coast Guard City" are used by people out of state, and "Queen City" is used by many suburb-dwellers.



The Traverse City Record-Eagle is one of northwest lower Michigan's daily newspapers. It is circulated in the 13 counties surrounding the city. In December 2006 it was sold by Ottaway Newspapers Inc., the community newspaper subsidiary of Dow Jones & Company to Community Newspaper Holdings, Inc. (CNHI). It is the newspaper of record for Grand Traverse County. Daily editions of the Detroit Free Press, The Detroit News, and The Grand Rapids Press also are available on news stands throughout the region. Other local publications include Traverse (a monthly regional magazine), NM3 Magazine (a local lifestyle and entertainment publication), Grand Traverse Insider (a local weekly community newspaper), Northern Express Weekly, Traverse City Business News, Edible Grande Traverse magazine dedicated to the food, farms and chefs of the area, and Grand Traverse Woman Magazine.

At least seven national magazines are published in Traverse City, including Thirdeye Magazine. Village Press is based in Traverse City; it publishes the Home Shop Machinist, Live Steam and Outdoor Railroading, Machinists' Workshop, Just Labs, Pointing Dog Journal, Retriever Journal and Twin and Turbine magazines.

Traverse City is also the home of Arbutus Press, one of the leading Michigan publishers for regional non-fiction. The company has published many books including four books selected by the Library of Michigan as Michigan Notable Books: Historic Cottages of Mackinac Island (awarded in 2002), Asylum for the Insane: History of Kalamazoo State Hospital (awarded in 2009), Vintage Views Along the West Michigan Pike (awarded in 2012), and Fishtown (awarded in 2013).


Traverse City is the largest city in the Traverse City-Cadillac-Sault Ste. Marie Designated Market Area, the largest television market in area east of the Mississippi River. Accordingly, most stations in this region are broadcast simultaneously on widely spaced transmitters on separate channels.

Traverse City has two television stations licensed directly to the city:

Additionally, WGTU operated a CW Plus station on its second digital subchannel and Northern Michigan cable television systems:

The city also has a low power rebroadcast transmitter of Mount Pleasant's PBS affiliate, WCMU-TV, operating on channel 46 (W46AD).

Stations licensed to nearby Cadillac are considered local to Traverse City:

Fox's sister network, MyNetworkTV, did not have an affiliate in the region when it launched back in September 2006. That changed at some point in 2008 when WLLZ-LP channel 12 added the network.

Cable television service is provided within Traverse City and many outlying communities by Charter Communications. Public-access television cable TV programming is provided on channel 2.


WLDR studios

Traverse City is the home of Northern Michigan talk radio station WTCM News/Talk 580 AM. Other talk stations available in the Traverse City area include WJML, WMKT, WSRT, and WLDR. AM 1310 ESPN Radio (operated by WCCW) broadcasts national ESPN content along with Detroit Pistons, Tigers, Red Wings and Lions games. MSU Football and Basketball can also be heard on 1310. There are 16 [27] Commercial radio stations in a variety of typical commercial radio formats. WNMC 90.7 FM is a community public radio station that is committed to a wide variety of musical genres and local events.

Traverse City has 3 Religious radio stations; W201CM (a Translator at 88.1) and WLJN AM/FM 89.9FM and 1400AM. In 2014 WLJN expanded operations adding another frequency 95.9 playing contemporary Christian music 24 hours a day.

Interlochen Center for the Arts's NPR member station Interlochen Public Radio.[28] it serves a large portion of Northwest Lower Michigan via two stations:[29] Interlochen Public Radio broadcasts on two stations: 88.7 is music and 91.5 is talk.

There is also WLDR who for 10 years was Sunny Country 101.9 until October 22, 2014, when the station switched back to an adult contemporary format. Prior to country it was also adult contemporary. The station went on the air in 1966 with owner Roderick Maxson serving the Grand Traverse area and surrounding counties. They are the first to broadcast in HD radio in Michigan. They have been the sponsor for several major events in Traverse City, including The Beach Bum Games, Horses by the Bay, the Make-A-Wish Motorcycle Tour, and the Traverse City Easter Egg Hunt. WNMC 90.7 radio is a public supported radio station with the license held by Northwestern Michigan College. Broadcasts variety of music genres including jazz, blues, world music, and others Espn is now on 105.5 fm and 1310 am is fox sports


The National Cherry Festival, held during the first full week of July every year, is a draw for tourists to Traverse City. The festival features parades, fireworks, an air show, election of festival royalty, live music, a pie-eating contest and cherries. It is estimated that the Grand Traverse region produces up to 360,000,000 pounds (163,000,000 kg) of cherries annually. The largest variety of cherry produced locally is the Montmorency cherry, or the "pie cherry". Other cherries grown in the region include the Ulster, or sweet cherry, and the Balaton (from Lake Balaton in Hungary), a cherry situated between the Montmorency and Ulster in terms of color and taste.

The locale and topography is conducive for road bicycling, aided by the TART trail system.[30] A map with routes, different trips, advice and local knowledge is available.[31] Lake Michigan presents a location for sailing, fishing, and kayaking.[32]

The Traverse City State Park, with about 250 campsites, is located three miles (4.8 km) east of downtown on 47 acres (19 ha) including a quarter mile beach on the East Bay arm of Grand Traverse Bay.

The Boardman River Nature Center is the interpretive center and management headquarters for the Grand Traverse Natural Education Reserve, a 505-acre local park and natural area.

The sandy soil is conducive to viticulture, and there are over 50 wineries in the Traverse City area.[33] Most offer free wine tasting. Traverse city is located at the base of the Old Mission Peninsula wine region.


Traverse City's central business district is located along Front Street downtown. Another major shopping district is on US 31 southwest of town, where several big box stores are located, as well as two shopping malls: the Grand Traverse Mall, anchored by Target, JCPenney, Macy's, and the Traverse City Premium Outlets. Another mall, Cherryland Center, is located on Garfield Avenue on the south end of town; this mall features Kmart, Younkers, and Sears.

Professional sports

Traverse City is home to a professional baseball team and a semi-professional football team. The Traverse City Beach Bums are a member of the independent Frontier League and play their home games at Wuerfel Park in nearby Blair Township. Their inaugural season in Traverse City was 2006.

Starting in 2005 Traverse City was host to the Traverse City North Stars a Junior "A" level hockey club (member of the North American Hockey League); they played at the Centre I.C.E. hockey arena. At the end of the 2011–12 season it was announced the North Stars would fold and be replaced in the NAHL by the Soo Eagles. Shortly thereafter the former owner of the North Stars, Chad Fournier, announced he would be bringing a new junior hockey team to Traverse City. The Traverse City Cohos began play in the Midwest Junior Hockey League in September 2012. Traverse City also hosts the training camp for the Detroit Red Wings NHL hockey team as well as the Traverse City Prospects Tournament, an annual tournament displaying young NHL prospects from select NHL teams.

The Traverse City Wolves are a semi-professional football team who played their home games at Thirlby Field. Their inaugural season was 2009. The Wolves are a member of the North American Football League, in the Great Lakes region of the Northern Conference.[34]

Arts and culture

The City Opera House, located in downtown Traverse City features plays, movies, and other performances.

The Traverse Symphony Orchestra (TSO), founded in 1952 by community leader Elnora Milliken as the Northwestern Michigan Symphony Orchestra, has grown from a small group of volunteer musicians to a paid professional orchestra of 60 contracted members. There was a connection over the years with Interlochen Center for the Arts, providing a core of musicians and conductors from among faculty and students. Until 1985 it was known as the Northwestern Michigan Symphony Orchestra.[35]

The Dennos Museum Center, located on the campus of Northwestern Michigan College, is home to a collection of Inuit art including sculpture, drawing and prints. The center is also home to a children’s museum, as well as various ongoing exhibitions in their large exhibition space.

Historical markers

Historic postcard of Building 50, c.1930

There are eleven recognized Michigan historical markers in the Traverse City area.[36] They are:

Surrounding wineries

View from entrance of Chateau Chantal

Traverse City was named by USA Today among the Top Ten Places for Local Wine.[37] There are seven wineries on the Old Mission Peninsula and 21 wineries on the Leelanau Peninsula,[38] both just a few minutes drive from downtown Traverse City. Both peninsulas sit close to the 45th parallel, a latitude known for growing prestigious grapes. The two arms of Grand Traverse Bay provide the ideal maritime climate and the rich glacial soil does the rest. Northern Michigan specializes in growing white grapes and is known for its Rieslings which grow well in the summer months and late fall which Traverse City is known for. Every October the wineries host a harvest fest. Some Riesling grapes are spared being picked in the fall to be picked when they freeze, from which ice wine is made. The wineries along the Old Mission Peninsula are Black Star Farms, 2 Lads Winery, Bowers Harbor Vineyards, Brys Estate Vineyard & Winery, Chateau Chantal Winery And Inn, Chateau Grand Traverse, and Peninsula Cellars. The wineries along the Leelanau Peninsula are Black Star Farms, Leelenau Cellars, Silver Leaf Vineyard and Winery, Gill's Pier Vineyard and Winery, Raftshol Vineyards, Circa Estate Winery, Forty-Five North Vineyard and Winery, Good Harbor Vineyards, Chateau Fontaine, Boskydel Vineyards, L. Mawby Vineyards, Ciccone Vineyard and Winery, Willow Vineyards, Chateau de Leelanau Vineyard and Winery, Shady Lane Cellars, Cherry Republic Winery, Longview Winery, Boathouse Winery, Verterra, Brengman Brothers, and Bel Lago Winery.[38]



With a new terminal completed in 2004, Cherry Capital Airport provides regularly scheduled passenger airline service to Chicago, Detroit, Minneapolis and seasonally to New York, Cleveland, Atlanta and Denver as well as to smaller Michigan destinations to the north.

Ships and boats


The area is served by Indian Trails Bus service and which is an intercity bus system that connects to St.Ignace to the north. Also connects to Grand Rapids and Kalamazoo to the south. The bus station is located at 107 Hall Street with connection to the BATA transfer station.

Traverse City also has a public transportation system, the Bay Area Transportation Authority (BATA) which serves most of the Grand Traverse and Leelanau region. With link services and a fixed route bus service, called the Loops,[45] serves Traverse City and the urbanized areas of Garfield Township. BATA put into service its first hybrid bus in December 2005. BATA's downtown bus transfer terminal on Hall Street opened July 21, 2006. The terminal is used to transfer riders to different buses on different routes.

Major highways

Sign on M-22


The Great Lakes Central Railroad (GLCR) provides freight rail service to the Traverse City area on track owned by the state of Michigan. The tracks were once owned by the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway (ex-Pere Marquette Railway) and the Pennsylvania Railroad (ex-Grand Rapids and Indiana Railroad) but were purchased by the state in the late 1970s and early 1980s to preserve rail service in the area. Current freight traffic includes fruit/perishables, scrap metal, and lumber.

Regular intercity passenger train service ended on October 29, 1966, after the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway (C&O) discontinued Grand Rapids–Traverse City–Bay View service. Since then, excursion passengers trains have operated in and out of Traverse City on an irregular basis. Recently, Lake Central Rail Tours has operated a summer excursion during the Cherry Festival until 2008. On May 11, 1996, the Grand Traverse Dinner Train began year round service from the Traverse City depot to Williamsburg and to Walton Junction. Dinner train service was suspended in 2004 after a contract dispute with the Tuscola and Saginaw Bay Railway and additional difficulties. The train itself was removed to Owosso in mid-July 2006.


Information from the City of Traverse City[46]


The Boardman Neighborhood Is the second smallest neighborhood in Traverse City. It is east of State Street, south of Front Street, north of Webster Street, and west of Railroad Avenue. Captain Boardman of Illinois lived in this neighborhood, as well as the Hulls and Havilands.


The Central Neighborhood is in southwestern Traverse City, despite its name. It was named when Traverse City was smaller, as this was the Center. The Historic Perry Hannah House is in this neighborhood, as well as the Central Grade School, the largest elementary school in TCAPS.

Traverse Heights

The Traverse Heights Neighborhood is in southeastern Traverse City. As the fourth largest neighborhood in Traverse City, it stretches from Boardman Lake to Garfield Avenue. It is known for its railroads and the Woodmere Library.


The Downtown District (or Central Business District) is right along the bay. Its main streets are State, Front, and Grandview Parkway. It is known for shopping and businesses, as well as restaurants. The famous City Opera House is downtown, too. Many other historic buildings exist here, too.


Slabtown is the former name for Traverse City. The main downtown area used to exist along Second Street here. It is the largest neighborhood. It has Wayne Hill and the Hickory Hills Ski Area. Part of it is known as Old Towne.

Grand Traverse Commons

The Grand Traverse Commons are probably the most historic neighborhood in Traverse City. The Traverse City Asylum Is here, though it is now repurposed as a small shopping center. Many hiking trails, shops, restaurants, and schools are in the area.

Oak Park

The Oak Park Neighborhood was formed from parts of Traverse Heights and Oakwood Neighborhoods. It is the third smallest neighborhood. The Oak Park School is the largest building here.


The Oakwood Neighborhood is the easternmost neighborhood in the city. It is named after the Oakwood Cemetery, the largest cemetery in Traverse City. The Traverse City Civic Center is in the northwestern part of this neighborhood.


The Airport Neighborhood was originally part of Traverse Heights. It sits along the Cherry Capital Airport Runways on Garfield, Boon, Hastings, Parsons, and South Airport Roads. These neighborhoods consist of small one floor houses. The Cherry Capital Airport Terminal sists in the eastern part of this neighborhood.


The Warehouse District is the smallest District in Traverse City. It mostly exists along Hall, Garland, Gillis, and Front Streets. It uses many repurposed buildings as restaurants and shops. One of the two BATA Bus Garages sits along Hall Street. Many banks also sit along Gillis Street.

Southwest Boardman

The Southwest Boardman Neighborhood is actually part of Garfield Township, too. It consists of Logan's Landing and the Grand Traverse Mall. It sits along South Airport Road


Traverse City is part of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Gaylord.[47]

Sister City

The sister city of Traverse City is Tsuchiyama, Shiga, Japan.

Notable people

See also


  1. In modern standard French, traverse no longer has the sense of 'crossing'—which is now traversée.[13]



  1. Merlin, Michelle; McGillivary, Brian (November 4, 2015). "Carruthers Wins City Election". Traverse City Record-Eagle. Retrieved November 21, 2015.
  2. 1 2 "US Gazetteer Files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 25, 2012.
  3. 1 2 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 25, 2012.
  4. "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 17, 2013. Retrieved June 3, 2013.
  5. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  6. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  7. "Cherry Production" (PDF). National Agricultural Statistics Service. June 17, 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 22, 2011. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
  8. "National Cherry Festival". Local Legacies: Celebrating Community Roots. Library of Congress. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
  9. "Traverse City Wineries". Michigan Economic Development Corporation. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
  10. "Things to Do in Traverse City". TripAdvisor. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
  11. "Top 10 Charming Small Towns". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. June 19, 2010. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
  12. Brandon, Emily. "The 10 Best Places to Retire in 2012". U.S. News & World Report.
  13. "traverse" (in French). Centre national de ressources textuelles.
  14. "Grand Traverse Bay". Michigan Historical Markers. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
  15. Norton, Mike (April 15, 2014). "Exploring the Past in Historic Traverse City".
  16. "Traverse City Climate Narrative". Antrim County: Michigan State Climatologist's Office. Retrieved December 10, 2010.
  17. "Gaylord, MI Weather Forecast Office". National Weather Service. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
  18. "NOWData: NOAA Online Weather Data". National Weather Service. Retrieved August 16, 2012.
  19. "record highs and lows". Retrieved September 23, 2016.
  20. "Boardman River". Boardman River Dams Committee. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
  21. "The River". The Boardman River Dams Project. Boardman River Dams Committee. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
  22. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
  23. "The Children's House". Retrieved October 24, 2013.
  24. TCAPS (Traverse City Area Public Schools)
  25. "".
  26. "Traverse City Beer Week". Retrieved October 27, 2015.
  27. "Commercial Radio Stations in Traverse City, MI". Retrieved April 9, 2009.
  28. "NPR Stations in Traverse City, MI". Find a Station. NPR. Retrieved March 27, 2006.
  29. "Coverage Area". Interlochen Public Radio. Archived from the original on March 11, 2007. Retrieved March 27, 2006.
  30. Mansnerus, Laura (June 6, 1993). "Bicycling in Western Michigan". The New York Times. p. 3. Retrieved May 26, 2010.
  31. Club Map (Map). Cherry Capital Cycling Club. Archived from the original on April 13, 2010. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
  32. "Old Mission Peninsula: Traverse City Michigan Sea Kayak Tours". Archived from the original on March 11, 2012. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
  33. "Michigan Wineries and Vineyards: Winery Tours and Tastings". Pure Michigan. Michigan Economic Development Corporation.
  34. "Traverse City Wolves". Traverse City Record-Eagle.
  35. Flesher, John (February 28, 2014). "Traverse Symphony Orchestra Conductor Kevin Rhodes". Retrieved March 14, 2016.
  36. "Grand Traverse County". Michigan Historical Markers. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
  37. "10 Great Places For Local Wines". USA Today. January 10, 2011.
  38. 1 2 Michigan Wines : Maps : Winery Tour Map : Northwest Region Archived December 28, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  39. "Coast Guard Cities". United States Coast Guard. April 7, 2010. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
  40. "Tall Ship Manitou". Traverse Tall Ship Co. Archived from the original on October 24, 2010. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
  41. "Greilickville: Elmwood Township Marina". Michigan Department of Natural Resources. May 14, 2009. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
  42. "Schooner Madeline". Maritime Heritage Alliance. Archived from the original on December 9, 2010. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
  43. "Armed Sloop HMAS Welcome". Maritime Heritage Alliance. Archived from the original on August 24, 2010. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
  44. "Weclome to Nauti-Cat Cruises". Nauti-Cat Cruises. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
  45. "Bay Area Transportation Authority". Bay Area Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2015.
  46. "Traverse City Neighborhoods - PDF" (PDF). City of Traverse City.
  47. Diocese of Gaylord. Counties & Vicariate Maps (Map). Diocese of Gaylord. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
  48. "Meg Meeker, M.D.". Meg Meeker, M.D.
  49. Phillip, Abby (July 22, 2014). "Liberal Filmmaker Michael Moore's Conservative Neighbors Gawk, Revel in His Messy Divorce". Washington Post. Retrieved June 30, 2015.
  50. "State Theatre". State Theatre. Retrieved June 30, 2015.
  51. Dalbey, Beth (July 23, 2014). "Michael Moore, Longtime Wife Split in Acrimonious Divorce". Bloomfield-Bloomfield Hills Patch. Retrieved June 30, 2015.
  52. Moore, Michael (July 15, 2012). "Emmy-Winning Director: I Built a Movie Theater—and a Film Festival—and I'd Like You to Come to It". The Huffington Post. Retrieved June 30, 2015.
  53. Coates, Rick (October 25, 2007). "Mark Farner". Northern Express.
  54. LeBrun, Pierre (February 12, 2016). "After All-Star whirlwind, birth of twins, John Scott getting back on the ice". Retrieved February 12, 2016.
  55. Warikoo, Niraj (March 21, 2015). "Bernice Steadman, Part of NASA's 'Mercury 13' program, Dies". Detroit Free Press. Archived from the original on April 5, 2015. Retrieved April 12, 2015.

Works cited

Further reading

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Traverse City, Michigan.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Traverse City.
This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 11/17/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.