Istinja[1] (Arabic: استنجاء)[2] means cleaning away whatever has been passed from the urethra or anus with water, or toilet paper or both.

In some difficult cases, where people live in remote, isolated, impoverished areas with water scarcity, they can use "istijmar" as type of istinja[3] [4] by stones or any clean pieces From Nature, or anything else that is pure and can clean the impurity (Najasat) such as tissue paper, apart from bones and dung.

The necessity is to completely remove impurity (najasa). This is to be done when something impure is emitted, i.e. stools or urine; but if nothing has come out apart from passing wind, then it is not obligatory to do instinja.

The Muslim must not only do istinja with lota (vessel) for prayer, istinja' with water[5] is obligatory every time something is discharged from the bowel and bladder,[6] such as urine or faeces. but it is not necessary for the sleeper or one who passes wind to perform Istinja, because Istinja is only prescribed for the removal of impurity (najasa), and there is no impurity in this situation.

Ritual Purity

The istinja is part of Islamic hygienical jurisprudence and general ritual purity of body and soul in Islam.

The Quran says: "...wherein are men who love to purify themselves. Allah loveth the purifiers."[Quran 9:108]


  1. istinja (
  2. arabic wikipedia
  3. lexicon almaany look num 2:اسْتَجْمَرَ الرجلُ : اسْتَنْجَى بالجِمارِ
  4. Mediator lexicon Page 134 word of ( استجمر )
  5. Quetion and answer
  6. islamhelpline

See also

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