Gulf of Zula

Gulf of Zula
Annesley Bay
Zula Bahir Selat’ē
Coordinates 15°16′N 39°45′E / 15.267°N 39.750°E / 15.267; 39.750Coordinates: 15°16′N 39°45′E / 15.267°N 39.750°E / 15.267; 39.750
Ocean/sea sources Red Sea
Basin countries Eritrea
Max. length 55 km (34 mi)
Max. width 13 km (8.1 mi)
Islands Dese
Settlements Near Massawa[1]

The Gulf of Zula, also known as Annesley Bay, Baia di Arafali or Zula Bahir Selat’ē,[2] is a body of water on the Eritrean coastline on the Red Sea.


The Gulf lies 15 km (9 mi) to the east of Massawa, near the midpoint of the Eritrean coast. It is located between the Foro Subregion and the Buri Peninsula of the Ghela'elo Subregion, both in the country's Northern Red Sea region. On the west side of the gulf are two large mountains, Jebel Gedem 3,034 ft (925 m) and Mount Arbalu 7,887 ft (2,404 m).[3] Between the two, the Aligede River flows, with the village of Zula on its right bank. The coast of the gulf is fringed with mangroves on either side of the mouth of the river.[4] The egyptologist Henry Salt identified Zula as the ancient archaeological site of Adulis.[5]

Near the head of the gulf is the village of Arafali, beside the extinct Dola Volcano 528 ft (161 m). From here, several roads radiate into the surrounding areas. To the east of the gulf lies the Buri Peninsula. This generally low-lying, undulating area is composed of larva flows at the southern end and granite at the north. Fringing reefs border much of this coast. About 12 mi (19 km) beyond Arafali is Dolphin Cove, with a low, flat beach, backed by a steep rise to Mount Abdur 803 ft (245 m) behind. 9 mi (14 km) further on is the narrow Melita Bay with the village of Macanille at its head. Here there are coastal reefs and mangrove swamps.[4]

The Gulf of Zula is a deep water bay, formed as part of the complex rifting system that occurred in these parts where three tectonic plates meet. The rift continues inland to the Danakil Depression, a sandy plain lying 400 ft (120 m) below sea level.[6] The gulf also marks the territorial division between the Saho people and the Afar people.[7]

The Gulf of Zula and Buri Peninsula.
Photograph taken by 10th Field Company Royal Engineers during the British Expedition to Abyssinia.


  1. GoogleEarth
  2. "Gulf of Zula". Mapcarta. Retrieved 14 October 2016.
  3. Philip's (1994). Atlas of the World. Reed International. p. 108. ISBN 0-540-05831-9.
  4. 1 2 Naval, (2013). Western Arabia & The Red Sea. Routledge. p. 78. ISBN 978-1-136-21002-0.
  5. Bowerson, G.W. Throne of Adulis. Oxford University Press (London), 2013.
  6. J.L. Melvin (1991). Evaporites, Petroleum and Mineral Resources. Elsevier. pp. 44–45. ISBN 978-0-08-086964-3.
  7. Abdulkader Saleh Mohammad (2013). The Saho of Eritrea: Ethnic Identity and National Consciousness. LIT Verlag Münster. p. 102. ISBN 978-3-643-90332-7.
This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 11/23/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.