Sea of Zanj

Sea of Zanj
بحر زنج
Location Indian Ocean
Coordinates 7°0′S 50°0′E / 7.000°S 50.000°E / -7.000; 50.000Coordinates: 7°0′S 50°0′E / 7.000°S 50.000°E / -7.000; 50.000
Type Sea
Basin countries Zanzibar, Comoros, Madagascar
Max. length 2,400 km (1,500 mi)
Max. width 1,500 km (930 mi)
References The Meadows of Gold

The Sea of Zanj (Arabic: بحر زنج) is a former name for that portion of the western Indian Ocean adjacent to the African region referred to by medieval Arab geographers as Zanj.[1] The Sea of Zanj was deemed a fearful zone by Arab mariners and legends regarding dangers in the waters abounded, especially near its far southern limits.[2]


The term was applied to the sea expanses near the eastern portion of the African continent known by ancient Muslim travelers and chroniclers such as Al Masudi and Ibn Batuta.[2][3]

Although geographically insufficiently defined, the area of the Sea of Zanj included a vast maritime region roughly stretching as far as ancient navigators reached on their dhows. Subject to Monsoon wind variations, the Sea of Zanj stretched off the coast of East Africa as far south as the Mozambique Channel, including the Comoros and the waters off the eastern coast of Madagascar. On its eastern side the sea extended west of the Seychelles and to the northwest of the islands of the Mascarenes.[2]

See also


This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 11/13/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.