Hanamaki City Hall
Map of Iwate Prefecture with Hanamaki highlighted in pink
|Coordinates: 39°23′19″N 141°7′0.9″E / 39.38861°N 141.116917°ECoordinates: 39°23′19″N 141°7′0.9″E / 39.38861°N 141.116917°E|
|• Total||908.39 km2 (350.73 sq mi)|
|Population (September 2015)|
|• Density||107/km2 (280/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|• Tree||Magnolia kobus|
|• Bird||Ural owl|
|Address||9-30 Kajo-cho, Hanamaki-shi, Iwate-ken 025-8601|
Hanamaki (花巻市 Hanamaki-shi) is a city located in Iwate Prefecture, of the Tohoku region of northern Japan. As of September 2015, the city had an estimated population of 97,631 and a population density of 107 persons per km2. The total area was 908.39 square kilometres (350.73 sq mi). Hanamaki is famous as the birthplace of Kenji Miyazawa and for its hot spring resorts.
Hanamaki is located in central Iwate Prefecture, in the Kitakami River valley at the conflux of three rivers with the Kitakami River; the Sarugaishi-gawa from the east and the Se-gawa and Toyosawa-gawa from the west. In the west the city rises to the foothills of the Ou Mountains with the highest peak being Mt. Matsukura at 968 meters. To the east the city rises to the highest peak in the Kitakami Range, Mt Hayachine at 1917 meters. The largest reservoir is Lake Tase on the Sarugaishi River. Lake Hayachine on the Hienuki River is quite spectacular with steep mountains rising above it. Lake Toyosawa is in the western part of the city on the Toyosawa River. Parts of the city are within the borders of the Towada-Hachimantai National Park and the Hayachine Quasi-National Park. A chain of 12 hot springs that lie along the edge of the Ou Mountains form the Hanamaki Onsenkyo Village.
|Climate data for Hanamaki, Iwate|
|Average high °F (°C)|| 36
|Average low °F (°C)|| 21
|Average rainfall inches (mm)|| 2.52
|Average rainy days||26||24||23||18||17||19||21||20||20||18||20||25||251|
- Iwate Prefecture
The area of present-day Hanamaki was part of ancient Mutsu Province, and has been settled since at least the Jomon period. During the Sengoku period, the area was dominated by various samurai clans before coming under the control of the Nambu clan during the Edo period, who ruled Morioka Domain under the Tokugawa shogunate.
The modern towns of Hanamaki and Hanamaki-Kawaguchi were created within Hienuki District, Iwate on April 1, 1889. The two towns were merged on April 10, 1929, with the merged municipality retaining the name of Hanamaki. On April 1, 1954, the villages of Yuguchi, Yumoto, Miyanome, Yasawa and Ohta were annexed by Hanamaki. An additional village, Sasama, joined the following year.
Fuji University, a private university, is located in Hanamaki. The city also has 19 elementary schools, 11 middle schools and seven high schools, along with one special education school.
- East Japan Railway Company (JR East) – Tōhoku Shinkansen
- East Japan Railway Company (JR East) – Tōhoku Main Line
- East Japan Railway Company (JR East) – Kamaishi Line
- Tōhoku Expressway – Hanamaki-Minami IC, Hanamaki IC
- Japan National Route 4 – Ishidori road station
- Japan National Route 107
- Japan National Route 283
- Japan National Route 396
- Japan National Route 456
One of Hanamaki's most notable events is the Hanamaki Matsuri, an annual festival which takes place the second weekend of September and dates back to 1593. The three-day festivities include a dance of over one thousand synchronized traditional dancers; the carrying of over one hundred small shrines; and the parading of a dozen or so large, hand-constructed floats depicting historical, fictional, or mythical scenes and accompanied by drummers, flautists, and lantern-carriers. Of these dances, the most famous is Shishi Odori (dance of the deer). This dance involves men dressing as deer and banging drums.
With the city's recent mergers, Hanamaki now lays claim to its absorbed towns' attractions. Ōhasama is famous for local varieties of traditional Kagura dance. Kagura dancers often appear at area festivals or functions. On a hill above the town of Ōhasama proper stands a statue resembling the wolf-like costumes donned by Hayachine Kagura dancers. Mt. Hayachine, which at 1917 m (6289 ft) is the second highest mountain in Iwate Prefecture, lies in the northeast section of Ōhasama. The area is home to the regionally well-known Edel Wine. In September, the Ōhasama Wine House hosts the annual Wine Festival. Around the time of Japan's Girls' Festival, Ōhasama puts on displays of its collection of dolls, many of which are several hundred years old. Local history suggests that the dolls may have been given to residents of Ōhasama by travelers from Kyoto on their way to trade in Hokkaidō. Ishidoriya has a history of brewing sake connected with the Nambu Toji tradition.
- USA – Rutland, Vermont, United States, since October 8, 1986
- USA – Hot Springs, Arkansas, United States, since January 15, 1993
- Austria - Berndorf, Austria since 1965.
- China - Xigang District, Dalian, Liaoning, China - friendship city since 2010
Each of the former towns merged with Hanamaki also conducted exchanges on their own, most of which have been taken up by the new Hanamaki city. Ōhasama was paired Berndorf. Mt. Hayachine is home to a particular species of edelweiss, called Hayachine Usuyukiso, which grows exclusively on Mt. Hayachine. It was because of this flower that mountain climbers from Ōhasama forged a friendship with those from Berndorf, Lower Austria. Ishidoriya was paired with Rutland, Vermont. Tōwa in turn carried on exchanges with many towns and cities while eschewing formal sister city agreements, starting with Clinton, Wisconsin in 1975, and including locations in Athens, Ohio and also in Germany and Scotland (Shetland).
Noted people from Hanamaki
- Koi Ikeno – manga artist
- El Samurai – professional wrestler
- Koshirō Oikawa – IJN admiral
- Shunkichi Kikuchi – photographer
- Kazuhiro Hatakeyama – professional baseball player
- Tetsugoro Yorozu – painter
- Kenji Miyazawa – writer
- "US-Japan Sister Cities by State". Asia Matters for America. Honolulu, HI: East-West Center. Retrieved 20 November 2015.
- "Verein Städtepartnerschaften der Stadt Berndorf" (in German). Official home page of Stadt Berndorf. 2005. Retrieved 12 December 2015.
- "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Retrieved 21 November 2015.
Media related to Hanamaki, Iwate at Wikimedia Commons