|Lieutenant Governor of New York|
|Governor||William H. Seward|
|Preceded by||John Tracy|
|Succeeded by||Daniel S. Dickinson|
September 15, 1783|
Cummington, Massachusetts, USA
August 30, 1863 (aged 79)|
Newport, Rhode Island, USA
|Political party||Whig, Republican|
|Spouse(s)||Helen Elizabeth Gibbs Bradish|
Luther Bradish (September 15, 1783 Cummington, Hampshire County, Massachusetts – August 30, 1863 Newport, Newport County, Rhode Island) was an American lawyer and politician who served two terms as Lieutenant Governor of New York from 1839 to 1842, with his Whig Party colleague, William H. Seward. He was also co-founder of Children's Village with 23 others.
Luther Bradish was born in 1783 in Cummington, Massachusetts, the son of Col. John Bradish, a Revolutionary War veteran, and Hannah Bradish (née Warner). He read the law and passed the bar, becoming an attorney and entering practice. Bradish served in the U.S. Army during the War of 1812. In 1814, he married Helen Elizabeth Gibbs (daughter of George Gibbs). She died in 1816 along with their son.
In 1819, Bradish was commissioned by United States Secretary of State John Quincy Adams, under U.S. President James Monroe, to pursue a treaty with the Ottoman Empire on commerce and shipping in the Mediterranean. Up till that point, Philadelphian David Offley was interceding, on behalf of American shippers, with the Empire's regencies along the Barbary Coast, i.e., Algiers, Libya, Tunis, etc., His effectiveness was limited because the U.S had no official relations with the Empire, even after the conclusion of the First and the Second Barbary Wars. The treaty terms demanded by Halet Efendi, the Ottoman foreign minister, were unacceptable to the U.S. Because Halet was thought to have contributed to a Greek insurrection in 1821 by poor policy, displeasing the Sultan, he was banished from the Empire's capital of Constantinople (Istanbul) and executed in 1822.
It was not until May 1830, during President Andrew Jackson's term in office, that a different US negotiating team completed a treaty of commerce and navigation with the Ottoman Empire. It was quickly ratified by Congress.
In 1826 Bradish was elected from Franklin County to the New York State Assembly, serving from 1827 to 1830, and again from 1836 to 1838. During his last term in the Assembly, he was elected as Speaker.
In 1838 Bradish ran as a Whig candidate for Lieutenant Governor in 1838, when abolitionism was growing as a political force. Its activists posed three questions to all candidates for the top two positions, to determine their positions on the following issues: 1) the right of blacks to a jury trial when seized as fugitive slaves; 2) a law freeing slaves-in-transit the moment they were brought into the state by their masters; and 3) equal suffrage for blacks.
Due to his support for all three, Bradish was endorsed by the abolitionists. He was elected as Lieutenant Governor of New York in 1838, serving two terms from 1839 to 1842 under Governor Seward. As governor, Seward signed legislation in support of issues which he had not committed to during the campaign, enlarging rights and opportunities for African Americans in the state. When Seward declined to run for re-election in 1842, Bradish ran for Governor, but was defeated by Democrat William C. Bouck.
From 1850 until his death in 1863, Bradish was the President of the New-York Historical Society, based in New York City.
- "OUR CITY CHARITIES--NO. II.; The New-York Juvenile Asylum.". New York Times. January 31, 1860. Retrieved November 21, 2015.
- Virginia H. Aksan, Ottoman Wars 1700-1870: An Empire Besieged, Longman/Pearson, 2007, p.288
- Stephen W. Stathis, Landmark Legislation 1774-2012: Major U.S. Acts and Treaties (Google eBook), CQ Press, 2014, p. 61
- Finkelman, Paul (September 1988). "The Protection of Black Rights in Seward's New York" (PDF). Civil War History. Kent State University Press. 34 (3): 211–234. doi:10.1353/cwh.1988.0057 – via Project MUSE. (subscription required (. ))
- Michael B. Oren, (2007), Power, Faith and Fantasy: America in the Middle East, 1776 to the Present ISBN 978-0-393-05826-0 (p. 107)
- Political Graveyard
- Bio of Notable Americans
- American Bible Society - Leaders
- The Eclectic magazine: Volume 60 (Sept 1863), p. 112
- Wayne Franklin, (2007), James Fenimore Cooper: The Early Years, Volume 1 ISBN 978-0-300-10805-7 p. 467
|Speaker of the New York State Assembly
| Succeeded by|
George Washington Patterson
|Lieutenant Governor of New York
| Succeeded by|
Daniel S. Dickinson