Uvular ejective

Uvular ejective
IPA number 111 + 401
Entity (decimal) qʼ
Unicode (hex) U+0071U+02BC
Kirshenbaum q`
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The uvular ejective is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is .


Features of the uvular ejective:


One ejective
A single plain uvular ejective is found in almost all Northeast Caucasian languages, all South Caucasian languages, and some Athabaskan languages, as well as Itelmen, Quechua and Aymara.

Two ejectives
Most Salishan languages, the Tlingit language, and Adyghe and Kabardian (Northwest Caucasian) demonstrate a two-way contrast between labialised and plain uvular ejectives.

The Akhvakh language appears to have a contrast between lax and tense uvular ejectives: [qʼaː] soup, broth (lax) vs. [qːʼama] cock's comb (tense).

Three ejectives

Five ejectives

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Abaza къапщы [qʼapɕǝ] 'red'
Abkhaz аҟаҧшь [aqʼapʃ] 'red'
Adyghe Hakuchi къӏэ  [qʼa]  'hand' Dialectal. Corresponds to [ʕ] in other dialects.
Archi къам [qʼam] 'forelock'
Georgian რუ [qʼru] 'deaf'
Haida qqayttas [qʼajtʼas] 'basket'
Tlingit k̲ʼateil  [qʼʌtʰeːɬ]  ‘pitcher’

See also

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 10/28/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.